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Equality impact assessment

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An equality impact assessment (EqIA) is a process designed to ensure that a policy, project or scheme does not discriminate against any disadvantaged or vulnerable people.[1]


The EqIA process aims to prevent discrimination against people who are categorised as being disadvantaged or vulnerable within society.[1] These categories are called equality target groups (ETGs) and are currently designated by the Greater London Authority as:

  • women;
  • black, Asian and ethnic-minority people;
  • young people and children;
  • older people;
  • disabled people;
  • Lesbian people, gay people, bisexual people and transsexual people; and
  • people from different faith groups.[citation needed]

Previous EqIAs have included other categories of people such as people on low incomes[citation needed] and gypsies and Irish Travellers.[2]

Within the UK, EqIAs are still popular as a means of ensuring that the public-sector equality duty is met.[citation needed] On 19 November 2012, prime minister David Cameron announced that EqIAs would no longer be undertaken for government decisions.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Ready: What is an equality impact assessment?". Equality impact assessment quick-start guide: A step-by-step guide to integrating equality impact assessment into policymaking and review (PDF). Equality and Human Rights Commission. March 2010. p. 3. ISBN 978 1 84206 269 2. Archived from the original (PDF document) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  2. ^ Planning policy for traveller sites: Equality impact assessment (PDF document). Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  3. ^ BBC News. URL accessed 19 November 2012.

Further readingEdit

Bainard, J., Jones, A., Bateman, I., Lovett, A. & Fallon, P. (2001) Modelling environmental equity: access to air quality in Birmingham, England Environment and Planning A 2002, volume 34, pages 695 – 716

Burningham, K. & Thrush, D. (2001) Local environmental concerns in disadvantaged neighbourhoods [1]

Capacity Global (2004) BME Communities Tackling Environmental and Social Inequalities [2]

Davies, A. and Binsted, A. (2007) Environmental Equity and Equality Impact Assessment in the United Kingdom (07-1568) - TRB Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM, TRB 86th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2007 [3]

Friends of the Earth (2000) Pollution injustice [4]

Friends of the Earth (2001) Pollution and Poverty – Breaking the Link [5]

Gay, R., Jeffery, B., and Saunders, P. (2005) Burden of disease: environmental inequalities [6]

Greater London Authority (2003) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them [7]

Transport for London (2004) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them [8]

Walker, G. Fairburn, J. Smith, G. and Mitchell, G. (2003) Environmental Quality and Social Deprivation [9][permanent dead link]

External linksEdit