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Enlightenment, also known simply as E, is a compositing window manager for the X Window System. Since version 20, Enlightenment is also a Wayland compositor. Enlightenment developers have referred to it as "the original eye-candy window manager."
Enlightenment E17, with former default theme Black&White and GTK+2 programmes running using a GTK+2 port of the theme
|Original author(s)||Carsten Haitzler|
|Developer(s)||Enlightenment development team|
E22 0.22.2 / 15 March 2018
|Written in||C (EFL)|
Enlightenment includes functions to provide a graphical shell, and it can be used in conjunction with programs written for GNOME or KDE. When used together with the Enlightenment Foundation Libraries (EFL), Enlightenment can refer to an entire desktop environment.
Version 0.17, also referred to as E17, was in development for 12 years starting in December 2000 until 21 December 2012 when it was officially released as stable. During the development period it was also referred to as DR17 (Development Release 17).
E16 itself is still in active development that runs independently of E17, reaching the 1.0 milestone in 2009 (1.0.18 as of 2017).
The current version is E22.
- Enlightenment allows the user to have a grid of workspaces called virtual desktops. Switching between them is achieved by hurling the mouse cursor to the edge of the screen, at which the desktop appears to slide across to reveal the next. The maximum grid size is eight by eight desktops, and the user can have 32 grids (each with a different background), making 2048 total possible desktop spaces (users can enable a map of the desktops, in case they get lost, which is called the pager).
- The desktop dragbar allows a desktop to be 'slid back' to reveal the desktop 'underneath'. The E team use the analogy of sheets of paper, stacked on top of each other, where the user can slide off a piece partially to reveal what's beneath.
- Window grouping: the ability to put windows into groups so that they can all be moved, resized, closed, etc. together.
- Iconification: reducing windows to an icon, stored in 'iconboxes' that can be placed about the screen.
- Ability to change window borders (or remove borders and title bars completely).
- Users can create keybindings for actions such as maximizing windows, launching programs, moving between desktops and moving the mouse cursor, hence making it possible to use Enlightenment solely with a keyboard. e16keyedit is a graphical program for simplifying keybinding creation.
- It contains a command line interface, eesh, which affects the window manager actions, and makes it possible to write powerful shell scripts controlling most features on the desktop, from settings to single window manipulations.
- Newer versions include compositing effects such as fading and transparency.
One of the aims of the window manager is to be as configurable as possible, and to this end, it includes customization dialogs for focus settings, window movement, resizing, grouping and placement settings, audio, multiple desktop, desktop background, pager, tooltip and autoraise settings. It also includes a special effects dialog, including a desktop 'ripple' effect.
E17 has many core features such as:
- Fully themeable, with both a menu-based and command-line theme-changing interface
- A built-in file manager
- Icons on the desktop
- Virtual desktop grid feature
- Modular design: can dynamically load external modules. Currently available modules include:
- Pager: Switching between different virtual desktops
- iBar: Launching applications
- iBox: Holding minimized applications
- Engage (original and rewrite based on iTask NG): A dock similar to the Mac OS X dock
- Dropshadow: Provides a drop-shadow for every window
- Clock: Analog and digital clock
- Battery: Monitoring a laptop battery
- CPUFreq: Monitoring a laptop CPU
- Temperature: Monitoring laptop temperature
- Illume: Modifies the user interface of enlightenment to work cleanly on a mobile device
- Composite: Allows the user to run enlightenment with composite effects
- Tiling: Allows setting up tiling on specified virtual desktops
- One or more shelves to manage the gadget placement and appearance on the screen
- Animated, interactive desktop backgrounds, menu items, iBar items and desktop widgets are all possible
- Window shading, iconification, maximising and sticky settings
- Customizable key bindings
- Support for internationalization
- Standardized: supports all needed standards (NetWM, ICCCM, XDG and so on)
- Carsten "Rasterman" Haitzler: lead developer
- Kim "kwo" Woelders: E16 maintainer
- Hisham "CodeWarrior" Mardam Bey
- Christopher "devilhorns" Michael
- Mike "zmike" Blumenkrantz
- Geoff "Mandrake" Harrison
- "Enlightenment Official News page". Retrieved 2018-03-18.
- "Enlightenment DR 0.20.0 Release". Enlightenment.org. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- Keith Packard, Deron Johnson (3 July 2007). "Composite Extension".
- "Portal:Enlightenment". en.opensuse.org. 2012-12-21. Retrieved 2014-06-17.
- "Enlightenment DR16". Enlightenment.
- Geisler, Martin (9 December 2000). "E17 has been committed to CVS". Martin Geisler Online.
- Blumenkrantz, Mike. "E17 Release: ZERO". Enlightenment.org. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- "Enlightenment E16". Retrieved 18 February 2018.
- Simon, Lees. "Enlightenment DR 0.22.1 Release". Enlightenment.org. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- "Engage". Andy Williams' Website. 15 December 2014.
- Hisham Mardam Bey. "About Me". CodeWarrior's Cruft.
- "About Mandrake". mandrake.net.