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Enkianthus is a genus of shrubs or small trees in the heath family (Ericaceae).[1] Its native range is in Asia, as far west as the eastern Himalayas, as far south as Indochina, and as far north and east as China and Japan.[1]

Enkianthus perulatus3.jpg
Enkianthus perulatus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Enkianthoideae
Kron & al.
Genus: Enkianthus

12-15, see text

This genus is considered cladistically the most basal member of the Ericaceae, that is, the descendant of the common ancestor of that Ericaceae that branched earliest from the rest of that family. It is classified as the sole member of the subfamily Enkianthoideae.



Twelve to 15 species are included in the genus by various authors.[2] Species include:[1][3]


Several species are found in cultivation, notably E. campanulatus, E. cernuus and E. perulatus. E. cernuus f. rubens (drooping red enkianthus) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[4][5]



  1. ^ a b c "Enkianthus Loureiro". Flora of China.
  2. ^ Sarwar, A. and H. Takahashi (2006). Pollen morphology of Enkianthus (Ericaceae) and its taxonomic significance. Grana 45 161-74.
  3. ^ Enkianthus.
  4. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Enkianthus cernuus f. rubens". Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  5. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 35. Retrieved 24 January 2018.