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An enhanced driver's license (EDL) in U.S. English, enhanced driver's licence in Canadian English, or enhanced ID in other common usage, is a card which functions both as driving licence and ID card with limited passport features issued in some states in the United States[1] and some provinces in Canada[2] to people who are both citizens of the country and residents in the relevant region, compliant with the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative.

An enhanced driver's license is allowed to be used as an alternative to a passport for international land and sea travel, but not air travel, to countries that recognize it. The card includes machine-readable RFID and barcode for automated identification of the card and its holder.

As a Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative-compliant travel document, an EDL may be used for "official purposes" (such as boarding a domestic flight) covered by the U.S. REAL ID Act.[3] However, a U.S. state that issues only EDLs, but does not issue any other REAL ID-compliant driver's license, is not deemed compliant with the REAL ID Act unless granted an extension.[4] Likewise, REAL ID-compliant licenses alone are not sufficient to cross international borders, even if a state gives its REAL ID-compliant licenses a similar name.[5]

Enhanced driver's licenses are available to U.S. citizens who reside in the states of Michigan,[3][6] Minnesota,[3][7] New York,[3][8] Vermont,[3][9] and Washington.[3][10]

Enhanced driver's licenses are available to Canadian citizens residing in British Columbia[11] and Manitoba,[12] and formerly in Ontario [13] and Quebec.[2][14][15] After running it for five years, Quebec discontinued the enhanced driver's license program, citing low demand as the reason. Current enhanced driver's license (Driver's Licence Plus) identification cards will remain valid until their expiration dates. Driver's Licence Plus documents have not been issued since 30 September 2014.[16]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Enhanced Drivers Licenses: What Are They?". Department of Homeland Security. Archived from the original on October 25, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Your guide to British Columbia's enhanced driver's licence program" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d e f "State Implementation". Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  4. ^ "State Compliance". Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  5. ^ "Real ID". Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  6. ^ "Enhanced Drivers License". Michigan Secretary of State.
  8. ^ "Get an Enhanced Driver License (EDL)]". New York State Department of Motor Vehicles.
  9. ^ "Enhanced Driver's License (EDL)". Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles.
  10. ^ "Enhanced Driver License/ID Card (EDL/EID)". Washington State Department of Licensing.
  11. ^ "B.C. Enhanced Driver's Licence". Intergovernmental Relations Secretariat.
  12. ^ "Manitoba's Enhanced Driver's License (EDL) and Enhanced Identification Card (EIC) Program" (PDF). Manitoba Public Insurance.
  13. ^ "Enhanced Driver's License". Queen's Printer for Ontario.
  14. ^ Chung, Andrew (March 17, 2009). "New Quebec Licence Good for U.S. travel". Toronto Star.
  15. ^ "States and Provinces Offering Enhanced Drivers Licenses". Customs and Border Protection. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
  16. ^ "I Need Information..." Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec. Retrieved June 7, 2014.