English PEN


Founded in 1921, English PEN is one of the world's first non-governmental organisations and amongst the first international bodies advocating for human rights.[1] English PEN was the founding centre of PEN International, a worldwide writers' association with 145 centres in more than 100 countries.[2] The current President of English PEN is Philippe Sands.[3] The Director is Daniel Gorman.[4]

English PEN celebrates the diversity of literature and envisions a world with free expression and equity of opportunity for all by supporting writers at risk and campaigning for freedom of expression nationally and internationally.[5] English PEN also hosts events and prizes to champion international literature, showcase the diversity of writing, and celebrate literary courage.[6] By supporting literature in translation into English and developing opportunities for publishers, translators and translated voices, English PEN aims to encourage diversity in the literary landscape.[7]

HistoryEdit

English PEN was founded in London by novelist Catherine Amy Dawson Scott in 1921, with John Galsworthy as President, and May Sinclair, Radclyffe Hall, Vera Brittain, Bertrand Russell, E. M. Forster, W. B. Yeats, Joseph Conrad and H.G. Wells as founding members.[8]

The acronym behind the P.E.N. Club, as it was then known, stood for: Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists. Dawson Scott envisioned a club which would connect writers worldwide to create a common meeting ground in every country for all writers.[2]

Dawson Scott's hopes of establishing an international network of writers were swiftly realised. Within three years, there were 19 PEN clubs around the world. The first meeting of what would become the annual PEN Congress was held in London in May 1923, and was attended by representatives from 11 countries.[9] With an ever-growing number of members worldwide, it became necessary to establish some guiding principles for the organisation, and the first version of the PEN Charter was passed at the 1927 Congress in Brussels.[2]

In 1940, English PEN published its 'Appeal to the Conscience of the World' letter, a plea for the protection of freedom of expression written by English PEN's first woman president, Storm Jameson, and co-signed by English writers including Vita Sackville-West, E.M. Forster, H.G. Wells, Vera Brittain, and Rebecca West.[10]

Following the World War Two, English PEN played a significant role in the emerging discourse around human rights, and was the first organisation to frame freedom of expression as a necessary precondition to literary creation.[11] PEN International gained advisory status to the United Nations and worked with UNESCO on various initiatives. It continued to expand with new centres opening across the world, and continued to fight for the rights of imprisoned writers, writers in exile, and censored writers. [8]

English PEN celebrates its centenary in 2021. 'Common Currency' – the title of these Centenary events – is a title taken from the PEN Charter.[12] The centenary programme includes events, residencies and workshops online and across the UK, culminating with a three-day festival of free thinking at the Southbank Centre in September 2021.[13]

The PEN CharterEdit

The PEN Charter has guided PEN members for over 60 years, since it was approved at the 1948 PEN Congress in Copenhagen.[14] Like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the PEN Charter was forged amidst the harsh realities of World War Two.[15]

The Charter was amended at the 83rd PEN Congress in Lviv in 2017 for the first time since it was adopted 90 years earlier. The Assembly voted for a wider formulation, namely counteracting hate and not only based on race, class or nationality but also gender, religion and other categories of identity. Consequently, Article 3 of the Charter reads as follows: 'PEN members should at all times use their impact for mutual understanding and respect between nations; they commit to do everything to dispel all types of hate and support the ideal of unified humanity living in peace.'[16]

MembershipEdit

English PEN is a membership organisation, with a community of more than 1,000 members including novelists, journalists, nonfiction writers, editors, poets, essayists, playwrights, publishers, translators, agents, human rights activists, and readers.[17]

English PEN membership is open to all who subscribe to the aims outlined in the PEN Charter.[18]

Board of TrusteesEdit

English PEN is governed by a board of trustees which is elected from and by members, and chaired by author, journalist, translator and academic Maureen Freely.[19]

Current trustees include:

  • Claire Armitstead, journalist and author
  • Philip Gwyn Jones, publisher
  • Daniel Hahn OBE, writer, editor and translator
  • Dan Miller, communications professional
  • Shazea Quraishi, poet, playwright and translator
  • Samantha Schnee, translator and editor
  • Cathy Galvin, poet, journalist and editor
  • Ruth Borthwick, former Chief Executive of Arvon Foundation
  • Georgina Godwin, broadcast journalist
  • Francis Coles, corporate finance adviser
  • Ted Hodgkinson, Head of Literature and Spoken Word at Southbank Centre
  • Milena Büyüm, Senior Campaigner at Amnesty International
  • Guy Gunaratne, journalist, filmmaker and novelist[17]

Past Presidents of English PENEdit

English PEN Centre presidents
John Galsworthy 1921–32
H.G. Wells 1932–36
J.B. Priestley 1937
Henry W. Nevinson 1938
Margaret Storm Jameson 1939–44
Desmond MacCarthy 1945–50
Veronica Wedgwood 1951–57
Richard Church 1958
Alan Pryce-Jones 1959–61
Rosamond Lehmann 1962–66
L. P. Hartley 1967–70
V.S. Pritchett 1971–75
Kathleen Nott 1975
Stephen Spender 1976–77
Lettice Cooper 1977–78
Francis King 1979–85
Michael Holroyd 1986–87
Antonia Fraser 1988–90
Ronald Harwood 1990–93
Josephine Pullein-Thompson 1994–97
Rachel Billington 1998–2000
Victoria Glendinning 2001–03
Alastair Niven 2003–07
Lisa Appignanesi 2008–10
Gillian Slovo 2010–13
Raficq Abdulla (acting president) 2013–14
Maureen Freely 2014–2018
Philippe Sands 2018–

MemorialEdit

 
Antony Gormley's Witness, on the piazza of the British Library, London

A cast-iron sculpture entitled Witness, commissioned by English PEN to mark their 90th anniversary and created by Antony Gormley, stands outside the British Library in London. It depicts an empty chair, and is inspired by the symbol used for thirty years by English PEN to represent imprisoned writers around the world. The memorial was unveiled on 13 December 2011.[20]

PrizesEdit

English PEN runs three annual awards – the PEN Pinter Prize, the PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize, and the PEN/Ackerley Prize. Funded by and in honour of former PEN members and significant literary figures, these prizes recognise excellence in historical nonfiction, literary autobiography, and a courageous and unflinching approach to the written word.[6]

PEN Pinter PrizeEdit

Established in 2009 in memory of Nobel Laureate playwright Harold Pinter, the PEN Pinter Prize is awarded annually to a writer from Britain, the Republic of Ireland, or the Commonwealth who, in the words of Harold Pinter's Nobel speech, casts an 'unflinching, unswerving' gaze upon the world, and shows a 'fierce intellectual determination … to define the real truth of our lives and our societies'.[21]

The prize is shared with an international writer of courage selected by the winner in association with English PEN's Writers at Risk programme.[22]

Past winners include Linton Kwesi Johnson (2020)[23],Lemn Sissay (2019),[24] Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (2018),[25] Michael Longley (2017),[26] Margaret Atwood (2016),[27] James Fenton (2015),[28] Sir Salman Rushdie (2014),[29] Tom Stoppard (2013),[30] Carol Ann Duffy (2012),[31] Sir David Hare (2011),[32] Hanif Kureishi (2010),[33] and Tony Harrison (2009)[34]

Past International Writers of Courage include Amanuel Asrat (2020),[35] Befeqadu Hailu (2019),[36] Waleed Abulkhair (2018),[37] Mahvash Sabet (2017),[38] Ahmedur Rashid Chowdhury (Tutul) (2016),[39] Raif Badawi (2015),[40] Mazen Darwish (2014),[41] Iryna Khalip (2013),[42] Samar Yazbek (2012),[43] Roberto Saviano (2011),[44] Lydia Cacho (2010),[45] and Zarganar - Maung Thura (2009).[46]

PEN Hessell-Tiltman PrizeEdit

The PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize of £2,000 is awarded annually for a non-fiction book of specifically historical content.[47]

Past winners include Anita Anand's The Patient Assassin (2020),[48] Edward Wilson-Lee's The Catalogue of Shipwrecked Books (2019),[49] S. A. Smith's Russia in Revolution (2018),[50] David Olusoga's Black and British (2017),[51] Nicholas Stargardt's The German War (2016),[52] Jessie Child's God's Traitors (2015),[53] David Reynolds' The Long Shadow (2014),[54] Keith Lowe's Savage Continent (2013),[55] James Gleick's The Information (2012),[56] Toby Wilkinson's The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt (2011),[57] Diarmaid MacCulloch's A History of Christianity (2010),[58] Mark Thompson's The White War (2009),[59] Clair Wills' That Neutral Island (2008),[60] Vic Gatrell's City of Laughter (2007),[61] Bryan Ward Perkins' The Fall of Rome (2006),[62] Paul Fussell's The Boys' Crusade (2005), Richard Overy's The Dictators (2005),[63] Tom Holland's Rubicon (2004),[64] Jenny Uglow's The Lunar Men (2003),[65] and Margaret Macmillan's Peacemakers (2002).[66]

PEN/Ackerley PrizeEdit

The PEN/Ackerley Prize is awarded in J. R. Ackerley's memory for a literary autobiography of excellence. The prize is judged by the trustees of the J. R. Ackerley Trust.[67]

Past winners include Alison Light's A Radical Romance (2020),[68] Yrsa Daley-Ward's The Terrible (2019),[69] Richard Beard's The Day That Went Missing (2018),[70] Amy Liptrot's The Outrun (2017),[71] Alice Jolly's Dead Babies and Seaside Towns (2016),[72] Henry Marsh's Do No Harm (2015),[73] Sonali Deraniyagala's The Wave (2014),[74] Richard Holloway's Leaving Alexandria (2013),[75] Duncan Fallowell's How To Disappear (2012),[76] Michael Frayn's My Father's Fortune (2011),[77] Gabriel Weston's Direct Red (2010),[78] Julia Blackburn's The Three of Us (2009),[79] Miranda Seymour's In My Father's House (2008),[80] Brian Thompson's Keeping Mum (2007),[81] Alan Bennett's Untold Stories (2006), Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy's Half an Arch (2005),[82] Bryan Magee's Clouds of Glory (2004), Jenny Diski's Stranger on a Train (2003), Michael Foss' Out of India (2002), Lorna Sage's Bad Blood (2001), Mark Frankland's Child Of My Time (2000), Margaret Forster's Precious Lives (1999), Katrin Fitzherbet's True To Both My Selves (1998), Tim Lott's The Scent of Dried Roses (1997), Eric Lomax's The Railway Man (1996), Paul Vaughan's Something in Linoleum (1995), Blake Morrison's And When Did You Last See Your Father? (1994), Barry Humphries' More Please (1993), John Osborne's Almost a Gentleman (1992), Paul Binding's St Martin's Ride (1991), Germaine Greer's Daddy, We Hardly Knew You (1990), John Healy's The Grass Arena (1989), Anthony Burgess' Little Wilson and Big God (1988), Diana Athill After a Funeral (1987), Dan Jacobson's Time and Time Again (1986), Angelica Garnett's Deceived with Kindness (1985), Richard Cobb's Still Life (1984), Kathleen Dayus' Her People (1982), Ted Walker's High Path (1983), and Edward Blishen's Shaky Relations (1982).[67]

Writers at RiskEdit

Founded in 1960, English PEN's Writers at Risk Programme (formerly the Writers in Prison Committee) is one of the world's longest running campaigns for freedom of expression.[83] English PEN campaigns on behalf of writers, literary professionals, journalists, artists, cartoonists and musicians who are unjustly persecuted, harassed, imprisoned, and even murdered in violation of their right to freedom of expression.[84]

Residency programmeEdit

English PEN's Writers in Residence programme aims to provide international writers facing persecution or censorship with a period of respite.[85] Former residents include Zehra Doğan[86] and Nurcan Baysal.[87]

Freedom of expression in the UKEdit

Libel ReformEdit

In 2009, English PEN and Index on Censorship ran a year-long Libel Inquiry. The phenomenon of libel tourism was chilling the work of investigative journalists around the world, and scientific debate was being stifled.[88] The final report of the Inquiry, Free Speech Is Not For Sale, identified the central problems with the current libel system, and offered ideas for reform.[89] This led to the launch of the Libel Reform Campaign with Sense About Science.[90] The campaign secured the support of over 60,000 people and 60 prominent NGOs, Royal Colleges, and associations.[91] A Defamation Bill was introduced by the coalition government in 2012[92] and the Defamation Act was given Royal Assent on 25 April 2013.[93]

Lady Chatterley's LoverEdit

In 2018, English PEN ran a successful crowdfunding campaign to keep the judge's trial copy of Lady Chatterley's Lover used in the 1960s landmark obscenity trial in the UK.[94] It was finally acquired by the University of Bristol in 2019.[95]

TranslationEdit

PEN TranslatesEdit

The PEN Translates grant programme was launched in 2012 to encourage UK publishers to acquire more books from other languages. The award is supported by Arts Council England to help UK publishers to meet the costs of translating new works into English – while ensuring that translators are acknowledged and paid properly for their work.[96] The programme has supported more than 250 books, in 53 languages, and awarded over £1,000,000 of funding.[97] Titles supported by PEN Translates have featured on the last three International Booker Prize shortlists.[98]

PEN TransmissionsEdit

PEN Transmissions is English PEN's online magazine for international and translated voices.[99] It features interviews with and personal essays from established and emerging writers. Contributors include Svetlana Alexievich, Tsitsi Dangarembga, Priyamvada Gopal, Olga Tokarczuk, Irenosen Okojie,[100] and Edmund de Waal.[101]

OutreachEdit

English PEN's outreach programme, Readers & Writers, is for young people from disadvantaged backgrounds, refugees and asylum seekers, and prisoners and young offenders.[102] It offers vulnerable, often marginalised and unheard people the opportunity to express their voices by taking part in imaginative and transformative creative writing and reading projects. They also have the chance to explore world literature and free speech.[103]

Brave New VoicesEdit

Thanks to funding from John Lyon's Charity and the Limbourne Trust, English PEN ran Brave New Voices 2.0, a three-year creative writing and translation project with young refugees and asylum seekers celebrating multilingualism and self-expression.[104]

In 2018, English PEN collaborated with the BBC Proms for the Brave New Voices programme, featuring more than 90 concerts over eight-weeks during the Proms.[105]

Response to the Coronavirus pandemicEdit

In March 2020, English PEN with the T. S. Eliot Foundation was amongst the founding partners of the 'Authors' Emergency Fund' led by the Society of Authors, along with the Authors' Licensing and Collecting Society, the Royal Literary Fund, and Amazon UK.[106] The fund was set up to support authors and booksellers affected financially as a result of the coronavirus outbreak with a £330,000 emergency fund to be distributed as small grants.[107]

ControversyEdit

Anthony Julius and Geraldine ProudlerEdit

In May 2018 Private Eye identified two lawyers who are members of English PEN's Board of Trustees but who, in the normal course of providing legal services to their clients, were accused of being in conflict with English PEN's primary aim to defend and promote freedom of expression.[108] The accusation is that these two lawyers should have refused to provide legal services to their clients.

Anthony Julius is Deputy Chairman of Mishcon de Reya, a British law firm. The Maltese blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia was accused of libel by Mishcon de Reya "on the instruction of both Malta's prime minister and Henley & Partners", prior to her death in 2017. English PEN's public statement on 1 May 2018 about Caruana Galizia says:[109]

Prime Minister Joseph Muscat is also pursuing a libel case against Caruana Galizia's son Matthew Caruana Galizia. The Shift News, an independent media outlet launched after Caruana Galizia's assassination which has pursued a number of her stories, is currently facing the threat of a financially crippling SLAPP (strategic lawsuit against public participation) from the Jersey-based firm Henley & Partners, who had taken legal proceedings against Daphne Caruana Galizia prior to her death.

PEN is seriously concerned about the fact that senior government officials including Prime Minister Joseph Muscat are insisting on trying 34 libel cases against Daphne Caruana Galizia, which have now been assumed by her family. PEN believes that these proceedings are in direct reprisal for her work in investigating corruption within the current Maltese government.

Geraldine Proudler is a lawyer and partner at Olswang, a London-based law firm, where she is Head of the Reputation and Media Litigation practice.[110] Proudler represented Pavel Karpov, a former Russian Interior Ministry officer, for a 2012 libel action in London against Bill Browder after Browder accused Karpov of involvement in the 2009 death of Sergei Magnitsky. Karpov lost the case and was ordered to pay over £800,000 in costs. In 2016 Karpov was additionally sentenced to three months in prison for contempt of court for non-payment of costs. Over £660,000 of that amount remains unpaid.[111]

In The Guardian, journalist Nick Cohen wrote:[112]

I know Anthony Julius vaguely and Geraldine Proudler, one of the Olswang lawyers who went for Browder, was on the board of the Scott Trust that oversees the Guardian and Observer. (She is now on the board of an English PEN that never seems to learn.) I'm sure that in private they love investigative journalism, freedom of thought and expression, democracy and the right to hold the powerful to account. Perhaps the firms to which they belong love money more.

Online harassmentEdit

On 5 October 2020, English PEN released a joint statement on online harassment (co-signed by 19 PEN centres, including PEN America, and PEN International) stating: 'PEN stands firmly against both offline and online harassment' and 'We support the right to hold and express strong views, provided that such expression does not undermine the internationally recognised human rights of others, incite hatred, nor engender the threat or use of violence.'[113] PEN also stated that 'We are listening to and taking seriously those with experience of harassment and working with organisations to better support and protect individuals facing harassment. Additionally we will continue to put pressure on platforms to better protect and support users facing harassment.'[113]

In the 9-22 October 2020 edition, Private Eye criticised English PEN for not speaking out in defence of J. K. Rowling, after she faced online harassment following her comments about transgender people:[114][115][116]

Thousands of Twitter users wish an author dead. Others send her rape-threats. Newsweek reports that burnings of her books are being shared on TikTok ... In 2013, Rowling gave English PEN, which defends freedom of speech, a Harry Potter first edition that was auctioned for £150,000. Last week, the Eye asked PEN repeatedly whether it defended her against the campaign of intimidation. All PEN would say was that it was "following the situation closely".

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ International Human Rights: PEN Teaching Guides
  2. ^ a b c PEN (Organization): An Inventory of its Records at the Harry Ransom Center
  3. ^ Page, Benedicte (5 January 2018) "Philippe Sands to take on English PEN Presidency"The Bookseller
  4. ^ Chandler, Mark (27 March 2019) "Gorman made English PEN director as Byatt joins First Story" The Bookseller
  5. ^ What we stand for - English PEN
  6. ^ a b Prizes - English PEN
  7. ^ Translation - English PEN
  8. ^ a b PEN International | Writers and Free Expression
  9. ^ 9 June, 2013"The PEN Story by PEN International" issuu
  10. ^ "Appeal to the Conscience of the World," letter from PEN London Centre. June 1940
  11. ^ The history of English PEN - English PEN
  12. ^ 2 Oct, 2020 English PEN Announce Centenary Programme | Writers and Free Expression
  13. ^ English PEN - Common Currency
  14. ^ "P.E.N. Charter," from the 20th International PEN Congress, Copenhagen, Denmark. 1948
  15. ^ Harry Ransom Center (27 March, 2017) "Writers without borders: The power of PEN" Ransom Center Magazine
  16. ^ PEN International - 2017 Lviv: Reclaiming Truths in Times of Propaganda
  17. ^ a b PEN International - Our History
  18. ^ English PEN Introduces Concessionary Membership
  19. ^ Board of Trustees - English PEN
  20. ^ "The British Library unveils new Antony Gormley sculpture to commemorate English PEN's 90th anniversary". Pressandpolicy.bl.uk. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  21. ^ Hare, DavidUnflinching, Unswerving - The PEN/Pinter Prize Lecture 2011
  22. ^ PEN Pinter Prize - English PEN
  23. ^ Snow, Jon (12 October, 2020)"‘When we arrived here we wanted to become British, but because of racism we weren’t allowed’ – Linton Kwesi Johnson" Channel 4 News
  24. ^ Press Association (2 June, 2019) "Poet and playwright Lemn Sissay wins the PEN Pinter prize" The Guardian
  25. ^ Cowdrey, Katherine (12 June, 2018) "Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie awarded PEN Pinter Prize 2018" The Bookseller
  26. ^ Kean, Danuta (1 June, 2017) "Michael Longley wins PEN Pinter prize for 'unflinching, unswerving' poetry" The Guardian
  27. ^ Flood, Allison (15 June, 2017)"Margaret Atwood wins 2016 PEN Pinter prize" The Guardian
  28. ^ 23 June, 2015 "James Fenton: Pen Pinter prize winner reads Blood and Lead" BBC News
  29. ^ 20 June, 2014 "Salman Rushdie wins 2014 PEN Pinter prize for outstanding literary achievement" Independent
  30. ^ Sabur, Rozina (31 July, 2013) "Tom Stoppard wins PEN/Pinter prize" The Telegraph
  31. ^ 13 July, 2012 "Carol Ann Duffy awarded Pen Pinter prize" BBC News
  32. ^ Baghdjian, Alice (26 August, 2011) "Playwright David Hare scoops PEN/Pinter Prize" Reuters
  33. ^ 20 October, 2010 "Hanif Kureishi wins Pinter literary prize" BBC News
  34. ^ Flood, Allison (22 September 2009) "Tony Harrison wins inaugural PEN/Pinter prize" The Guardian
  35. ^ Flood, Allison (13 October 2020) "Eritrean poet Amanuel Asrat named International Writer of Courage" The Guardian
  36. ^ Flood, Allison (11 October, 2019) "Lemn Sissay and Befeqadu Hailu share 2019 PEN Pinter prize" The Guardian
  37. ^ Cowdrey, Katherine (10 October, 2018) "Waleed Abulkhair named PEN Pinter International Writer of Courage" The Bookseller
  38. ^ Wood, Heloise (11 October 2017)"Mahvash Sabet named PEN Pinter International Writer of Courage" The Bookseller
  39. ^ 13 October, 2016 "Tutul receives PEN Pinter International Writer of Courage Prize 2016 with Margaret Atwood" Icorn
  40. ^ Iyengar, Rishi (7 October, 2015) "Jailed Saudi Blogger Raif Badawi Will Share a Top Literary Award" Time
  41. ^ Flood, Allison (10 October, 2014) "Salman Rushdie to share PEN Pinter prize with Mazen Darwish" The Guardian
  42. ^ Bury, Liz (9 October, 2013) "Irina Khalip wins PEN Pinter prize for international writer of courage" The Guardian
  43. ^ 8 October, 2012 "Syrian writer Samar Yazbek to share Pinter prize" BBC News
  44. ^ 10 October, 2011 "Mafia writer Saviano awarded PEN/Pinter prize in UK" Reuters
  45. ^ 16 September, 2010 "Mexican journalist Lydia Cacho receives PEN prize" The Hindu
  46. ^ Campbell, Joel (13 October 2020) "Linton Kwesi Johnson shares PEN Pinter Prize with Amanuel Asrat" The Voice Online UK
  47. ^ PEN Hessel-Tiltman Prize - English PEN
  48. ^ PTI (2 December, 2020) "British Indian author Anita Anand's Jallianwala Bagh story wins history prize" The New Indian Express
  49. ^ "Fellow's book awarded 2019 Hessell-Tiltman Prize" Sidney Sussex College News
  50. ^ 24 June, 2018 "S.A. Smith wins PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize 2018" English PEN
  51. ^ Wood, Heloise (11 July, 2017) "Olusoga scoops PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize" The Bookseller
  52. ^ Onwuemezi, Natasha (1 April, 2016) "Stargardt wins the PEN Hessell Tiltman Prize 2016" The Bookseller
  53. ^ Carpenter, Caroline (9 April, 2015) "Childs wins PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize" The Bookseller
  54. ^ Chilton, Martin (3 April, 2014) "David Reynolds wins 2014 PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize" The Telegraph
  55. ^ Capon, Felicity (8 April, 2013) "Keith Lowe awarded the PEN Hessell-Tiltman Prize for history" The Telegraph
  56. ^ James Gleick | Britannica
  57. ^ Toby Wilkinson | Penguin Random House Canada
  58. ^ Judge - Diarmaid MacCulloch The Wolfson History Prize
  59. ^ The White War - Research Database The University of East Anglia
  60. ^ The Neutral Island - Clair Wills | Harvard University Press
  61. ^ 5 May, 2007City of Laughter | History Today
  62. ^ 27 March, 2006 "Bryan Ward Perkins: Hessell-Tiltman History Prize winner" History News Network
  63. ^ Richard Overy | RCW Literary Agency
  64. ^ Rubicon by Tom Holland | Hachette UK
  65. ^ The Lunar Men | Faber & Faber
  66. ^ Margaret MacMillan Thames & Hudson
  67. ^ a b PEN Ackerley Prize - English PEN
  68. ^ Chandler, Mark (19 August, 2020)"Light's Radical Romance wins PEN Ackerley Prize"The Bookseller
  69. ^ Chandler, Mark (10 July, 2019) "Daley Ward wins PEN Ackerley Prize" The Bookseller
  70. ^ 11 July, 2018 "Richard Beard awarded PEN Ackerley Prize 2018 for ‘The Day That Went Missing’" English PEN
  71. ^ Onwuemezi, Natasha (6 July, 2017) "Liptrot's 'exhilarating' memoir wins PEN Ackerley Prize" The Bookseller
  72. ^ Flood, Allison (13 July, 2016). "Crowd-funded memoir wins £3,000 PEN Ackerley prize" The Guardian
  73. ^ Page, Benedicte (30 June 2015) "Marsh wins PEN Ackerley Prize" The Bookseller]]
  74. ^ Travis, Ben (15 July, 2014) "Sonali Deraniyagala wins the 2014 PEN/Ackerley Prize for tsunami memoir" The Telegraph
  75. ^ Farrington, Joshua (18 July, 2013) "Holloway memoir wins PEN/Ackerley Prize" The Bookseller
  76. ^ 19 July, 2012 "Duncan Fallowell wins PEN/Ackerley Prize 2012" English PEN
  77. ^ Irvine, Lindesay (22 July, 2011) [https://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/jul/22/michael-frayn-memoir-father-prize "Michael Frayn's memoir of his father wins autobiography prize "] The Guardian
  78. ^ Trust Me, I'm a Doctor - Miss Gabriel Weston BBC Two
  79. ^ Julia Blackburn | Authors | Faber & Faber
  80. ^ 12 June, 2008 "Miranda Seymour wins Ackerley Prize" English PEN
  81. ^ Richardson, Anna (19 July, 2007 "Thompson wins PEN/Ackerley prize" The Bookseller
  82. ^ Catling, Patrick (4 September, 2005) "Too good for Mills & Boon" The Telegraph
  83. ^ About the Writers in Prison Committee | English PEN
  84. ^ Sands, Phillipe (15 October, 2020) "Writers Need PEN More Than Ever" The Guardian
  85. ^ Writers in Residence | English PEN
  86. ^ Wilkins, Charlotte (24 November, 2019) "Zehra Dogan's prison paintings fight for the Kurdish cause" France 24
  87. ^ 29 April, 2020 "Turkey must end harassment of Kurdish journalist, PEN says"Ahval News
  88. ^ Libel Reform Campaign - English PEN
  89. ^ 11 November, 2009 "Libel reform: What the papers say" Index on Censorship
  90. ^ Libel Reform Campaign - Sense about Science
  91. ^ "Libel law reform campaign launched to stop England becoming 'global pariah'" The Guardian
  92. ^ Horne, Alexander (28 May, 2012) "Defamation Bill [Bill no 5 of 2012-13"] House of Commons Library - UK Parliament
  93. ^ Defamation Act 2013 - UK Parliament
  94. ^ "Obscenity judge's copy of Lady Chatterley's Lover to stay in UK" The Guardian
  95. ^ "Lady Chatterley's Lover: Bristol Uni acquires judge's trial copy"BBC News
  96. ^ PEN Translates - English Pen
  97. ^ "English PEN marks 250-book milestone in support for translated titles" The Bookseller
  98. ^ "Nineteen PEN Translates awards go to titles from fifteen countries and thirteen languages"
  99. ^ PEN Transmissions - a home for international writers
  100. ^ "English Pen Transmissions In Conversation with Aki Schilz" Irenosen Okojie
  101. ^ News - Edmund de Waal
  102. ^ Outreach - English PEN
  103. ^ Refugees and Asylum Seekers - English PEN
  104. ^ Brave New Voices 2.0 - English Pen
  105. ^ Cowdrey, Katherine (24 July, 2018) "BBC Proms and English PEN to showcase refugee talent" The Bookseller
  106. ^ Mansfield, Katie (20 March, 2020) "Trade rallies to launch emergency hardship funds for authors and booksellers" The Bookseller
  107. ^ Flood, Allison (20 March, 2020) "'This is a scary time': coronavirus emergency fund set up for authors" The Guardian
  108. ^ "Ratbiter" (18–31 May 2018). "PEN Palls". Private Eye. 1470.
  109. ^ "Daphne Caruana Galizia: World Press Freedom Day". English PEN. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  110. ^ "CMS Olswang, Geraldine Proudler". CMS. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  111. ^ "UK Judge Sentences ex Russian Police Officer in Magnitsky Case to 3 Months in Prison for Contempt of Court". Law and Order in Russia. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  112. ^ Cohen, Nick (26 May 2018). "The unsavoury alliance between oligarchs and London's top lawyers". The Guardian.
  113. ^ a b 5 October, 2020 "Joint PEN statement on online harassment" English PEN
  114. ^ Gallagher, Sophie (19 December, 2019) "JK ROWLING DEFENDS WOMAN WHO LOST EMPLOYMENT TRIBUNAL OVER TRANSGENDER TWEETS" Independent
  115. ^ 11 June, 2020 "JK Rowling responds to trans tweets criticism" BBC News
  116. ^ "Bookworm" (9–22 October 2020). "Poison PENS". Private Eye. 1532: 36.

External linksEdit