Oxford History of England(Redirected from English History 1914–1945)
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The Oxford History of England is a modern history series of the British Isles, with each individual volume written by historians of that period.
The series was commissioned by Oxford University Press and edited by Sir George Clark, with the first volume (his own The Later Stuarts, 1660–1714) appearing in 1934. The original aim was to produce 14 volumes, taking the story up to 11:00 p.m. on 4 August 1914, the moment when Britain declared war on Germany. In 1965 a fifteenth volume, taking the story up to 1945 was added, and in the 1980s the first volume was superseded by two separate books. Several of the other volumes have been amended and released in new editions over the years.
Many of the volumes are now considered to be key classic works for their respective periods. In recent years some of the volumes have been released as stand-alone works.
The volumes in the series are as follows:
- Volume I: Roman Britain and the English Settlements – R. G. Collingwood and J. N. L. Myres (1936)
- Volume II: Anglo-Saxon England, c550–1087 — Sir Frank Stenton (1943)
- Volume III: From Domesday Book to Magna Carta, 1087–1216 — Austin L. Poole (1951)
- Volume IV: The Thirteenth Century, 1216–1307 — Sir Maurice Powicke (1953)
- Volume V: The Fourteenth Century, 1307–1399 — May McKisack (1959)
- Volume VI: The Fifteenth Century, 1399–1485 — E. F. Jacob (1961-12-31) – ISBN 978-0-19-821714-5
- Volume VII: The Earlier Tudors, 1485–1558 — J. D. Mackie (1952)
- Volume VIII: The Reign of Elizabeth I, 1558–1603 — J. B. Black (1936)
- Volume IX: The Early Stuarts, 1603–1660 — Godfrey Davies (1937)
- Volume X: The Later Stuarts, 1660–1714 — Sir George Clark (1934)
- Volume XI: The Whig Supremacy — Basil Williams (1939)
- 2nd revised edition — C. H. Stuart (1962)
- Volume XII: The Reign of George III, 1760–1815 — J. Steven Watson (1960)
- Volume XIII: The Age of Reform, 1815–1870 — Sir Llewellyn Woodward (1938)
- Volume XIV: England, 1870–1914 — Sir Robert Ensor (1936)
- Volume XV: English History, 1914–1945 — A. J. P. Taylor (1965)
Several volumes were subsequently revised by the authors to take into account later research.
Use of the term "England"Edit
When the series was commissioned:
"England" was still an all-embracing word. It meant indiscriminately England and Wales; Great Britain; the United Kingdom; and even the British Empire. (A. J. P. Taylor, Volume XV: English History, 1914–1945, page v)
Since then there has been a trend in history to restrict the use of the term "England" to the state that existed pre-1707 and to the geographic area it covered and people it contained in the period thereafter. The different authors interpreted "English history" differently, with Taylor opting to write the history of the English people, including the people of Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Empire and Commonwealth where they shared a history with England, but ignoring them where they did not. Other authors opted to treat non-English matters within their remit.