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The English Collective of Prostitutes (ECP) is a campaigning group which supports the decriminalisation of prostitution, sex workers' right to recognition and safety, and the provision of financial alternatives to prostitution so that no one is forced into prostitution by poverty. The group works against the social stigma that is associated with prostitution, and the poverty that is sometimes its cause.[1] It provides information, help, and support to individual prostitute women and others who are concerned with sex workers' rights, civil, legal, and economic rights. The organisation was founded in 1975, and its first spokeswoman was Selma James.[2]

English Collective of Prostitutes
Formation1975
Founded atLondon, England
HeadquartersLondon, England
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

OriginsEdit

The ECP was formed as part of the highly politicised prostitutes' rights movement that emerged in Europe in the mid-1970s. The 1975 prostitutes' strike in France and the subsequent formation of the French Prostitute Collective inspired the formation of a similar organisation in England.[3]

InternationalEdit

The ECP and the US PROStitutes Collective (US PROS) are part of the International Prostitutes Collective, which has a network of sex workers in many countries of the world. The ECP is said to work closely with the New Zealand Prostitutes Collective who spearheaded legislation in New Zealand[4] to decriminalise prostitution. A recent government review[5] found that after five years, there had been no increase in the numbers of women working.

Safety First CoalitionEdit

In the aftermath of the Ipswich serial murders of five young women in December 2007, the ECP initiated the Safety First Coalition[6] to decriminalise sex work, and prioritise safety. Members include the Royal College of Nursing, the National Association of Probation Officers, bereaved families, some anti-poverty campaigners, church people, residents of red-light areas, medical and legal professionals, prison reformers, sex workers, anti-rape organisations, drug rehabilitation projects.

Policing and Crime ActEdit

The English Collective of Prostitutes campaigned against the Policing and Crime Act 2009,[7] which originally included proposals to criminalise anyone involved in the sex industry, whether or not there was force or coercion; target safer premises; seize and retain money and assets, even without a conviction; increase arrests against street workers; arrest men on "suspicion"; imprison sex workers who breach a compulsory rehabilitation order.[8] The ECP argued that these measures would force prostitution underground, exposing sex workers to greater danger and preventing them coming forward to report violence and access health and other services.

TraffickingEdit

The ECP argues that discredited academic work has falsely labelled most sex workers as victims of "trafficking". Its website provides critiques of such work.[9]

DecriminalisationEdit

In 2015, the ECP organised a symposium in the House of Commons, presenting evidence to parliament in support of the decriminalisation of sex work.[10]

Local issuesEdit

The ECP has been involved in local campaigns aimed at making life safer for prostitutes following incidents in certain areas, for example, the Ipswich murders of 2006 in which all the victims were prostitutes. It also objects to the actions of Reading Borough Council and the Thames Valley Police, which have been targeting prostitutes working in the Oxford Road area of Reading, Berkshire, for several years.[11][12][13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brents, Barbara G.; Morris, Gayle; Licausi, Lisa (2013). "Prostitution". In Carreon, Sonia; Cassedy, Amy; Borman, Kathryn; Dubeck, Paula J. (eds.). Women and Work: A Handbook. Garland Reference Library of Social Science. Volume 679. Routledge. p. 223. ISBN 9781135818937.
  2. ^ "Profile of our first spokeswoman, Selma James". English Collective of Prostitutes. 8 June 2012.
  3. ^ Selam James (1 November 2013). "Sex workers need support – but not from the 'hands off my whore' brigade". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Prostitution Law Reform – Ministry of Justice, New Zealand". Justice.govt.nz. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  5. ^ "Executive Summary – Ministry of Justice, New Zealand". Justice.govt.nz. 8 February 2010. Archived from the original on 23 May 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  6. ^ "Safety First". Prostitutescollective.net. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  7. ^ "Parliament UK: Bills before Parliament". Services.parliament.uk. 12 November 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  8. ^ Jonathan Brown (26 November 2008). "WI enlisted in fight against prostitution". The Independent.
  9. ^ More or Less BBC Radio 4 1:30 pm Friday 9 January 2009.
  10. ^ Corvid, Margaret (2 November 2015). "As our MPs gather evidence on decriminalising sex work, they need facts – not the old myths". New Statesman. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  11. ^ Prior, Malcolm (24 April 2003). "UK | England | Berkshire | 'Saving' the street-walkers". BBC News. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  12. ^ "UK | England | Berkshire | Photos of prostitutes condemned". BBC News. 29 December 2004. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  13. ^ "UK | England | Berkshire | Vice crackdown sees 22 arrested". BBC News. 29 March 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2010.

External linksEdit