The English Benedictine Congregation (EBC) unites autonomous Roman Catholic Benedictine communities of monks and nuns and is technically the oldest of the nineteen congregations that are affiliated in the Benedictine Confederation.
|Abbreviation||Post-nominal letters: O.S.B.|
|UK, USA, Peru, Zimbabwe|
|246 monastics (as of 2020)|
|Christopher Jamison, O.S.B.|
|Benedictine Confederation; Roman Catholic Church|
History and administrationEdit
The EBC claims technical canonical continuity with a congregation of Benedictine abbeys in England erected by the Holy See in 1216, and which ceased to exist at the dissolution of the monasteries in 1535–1540. The actual origins of the present congregation lay with Catholic English expatriates in France, the Low Countries and Italy at the start of the 17th century, and the first monastery was founded at Douai in 1606; this is the ancestor of the present Downside Abbey. English exiles also joined the Italian Cassinese Congregation, and in 1607 two of these were "aggregated" to the extinct English congregation by the last surviving member of it, Dom Sigebert Buckley. He had been a monk of the Westminster Abbey re-founded by Queen Mary I of England, but dissolved again by Elizabeth I in 1550. The EBC's claim of continuity depends on this deed of aggregation, rather than survival of monastic life after the Dissolution.
In 2020 the EBC had houses in the United Kingdom, the United States, Peru, and Zimbabwe. In 2022, three communities of nuns – Kylemore Abbey (Ireland), Mariavall Abbey (Sweden) and Jamberoo Abbey (Australia) – were accepted into the EBC, bringing the number of houses and communities to 17.
Every four years the General Chapter of the EBC elects an Abbot President from among the ruling abbots and former ruling abbots with its jurisdiction. He or she is assisted by a number of officials, and periodically undertakes a Visitation of the individual houses. The purpose of the Visitation is the preservation, strengthening and renewal of the religious life, including the laws of the Church and the Constitutions of the congregation. The President may require by Acts of Visitation, that particular points in the Rule, the Constitutions and the law of the Church be observed.
Sexual abuse scandalEdit
The sexual abuse scandal in the EBC around the turn of the 21st century was a significant episode in a series of Catholic sex abuse cases in the United Kingdom. The events concerned ranged from the 1960s to the 2010s, and led to a number of EBC monks being laicized, convicted and imprisoned for the sexual abuse of children and vulnerable adults.
Houses of the Congregation in exileEdit
|Religious house in Europe||Location||Dates||Successor house in England|
|St. Gregory's Priory, Douai||Douai, France||1607–1798||Downside Abbey|
|Dieulouard Priory||France||1608–1798||Ampleforth Abbey|
|St. Malo Priory||St. Malo, Brittany||c.1610 – late 17th century||n/a|
|St. Edmund's Priory, Paris; later St. Edmund's Abbey, Douai||Paris||1615–1798 (Paris); 1818–1903 (Douai)||Douai Abbey, Woolhampton|
|Cambrai Priory||Cambrai, Flanders||1625–1794||Stanbrook Abbey|
|Our Lady of Good Hope Priory, Paris||Paris||1651–1794||Colwich Abbey|
|Lamspringe Abbey||Lamspringe, Lower Saxony||1630–1803||Broadway Priory, 1826–34; Fort Augustus Abbey, 1886–1998|
Houses of the present CongregationEdit
- Ampleforth Abbey, fdd 1608 at Dieulouard
- Belmont Abbey, fdd 1859
- Buckfast Abbey, fdd 1882
- Curzon Park Abbey (nuns), fdd 1868
- Douai Abbey, fdd 1615 in Paris
- Downside Abbey, fdd 1607 in Douai
- Ealing Abbey, fdd 1897
- Stanbrook Abbey (nuns), fdd 1625 in Cambrai
- Worth Abbey, fdd 1933
- Mariavall Abbey (nuns), fdd 1957 as Lutheran
- Priory of the Incarnation, fdd 1981 in Tambogrande, from 2006 in Pachacamac and from May 2018 transferred to Lurín, in the buildings of the former Cistercian nunnery
- Monastery of Christ the Word, fdd 1996
Defunct houses of the present CongregationEdit
- Colwich Abbey (nuns), fdd 1651 in Paris; merged to Stanbrook Abbey and closed in 2020
- Fort Augustus Abbey, fdd 1630 at Lamspringe, Scotland; closed in 1998
In 2020, membership of the constituent houses was as follows. The table does not include the three houses added to the community in 2022.
|Curzon Park Abbey||0||0||7||0|
|Saint Anselm's Abbey||0||13||0||0|
|Saint Louis Abbey||0||25||0||0|
- Benedictine Yearbook 2020 p. 97
- Benedictine Yearbook 2020 p. 19
- "English Benedictine Congregation welcomes three new communities". benedictines.org.uk. July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
- "English Benedictine History". plantata.org.uk. Ampleforth Abbey Trustees. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
- Lamb, Christopher (1 August 2017). "Christopher Jamison appointed Abbot President of English Benedictines". The Tablet. London, UK. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
- "Abbot Christopher Jamison elected new President". benedictines.org.uk. 1 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
- The Benedictine Yearbook. London: English Benedictine Congregation Trust. 2020. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-901089-58-8.