Enfield Southgate (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Enfield Southgate in Greater London.
|Electorate||64,932 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Bambos Charalambous (Labour)|
|Created from||Enfield (western minority; on abolition) and Wood Green (bulk of; on abolition)|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Between the years 1979 and 2017 the seat was a bellwether (its winner was affiliated to the winning party nationally) with two exceptions: in 2005 it leant more to the right than the national result and in in 2017 more to the left than the minority-government Conservatives.
Enfield Southgate is 1 of 49 won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 from a total of 73 covering London. Charalambous's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains for the Labour Party in that year's election.
The seat gained national attention in the 1997 general election when Michael Portillo, Secretary of State for Defence was unexpectedly defeated on a massive swing. Portillo had been widely expected to contest the Conservative leadership and his defeat the media took to epitomise the Labour landslide victory. The victorious candidate, Stephen Twigg, increased his majority at the following election. In the 2005 general election, Twigg's majority was the largest overturned, with a swing of 8.7% to the Conservative candidate David Burrowes.
The 2015 result gave the seat the 60th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority, with Labour gaining the seat in the 2017 general election on a substantial 9.7% swing. Enfield Southgate is one of five constituencies, the others being Croydon Central, Leeds North West, Peterborough and Reading East, which elected Labour MPs in 2017 having not done so since 2001.
The constituency is in the west of the London Borough of Enfield and generally more affluent than other parts of the borough. It is more cosmopolitan than many other London suburban constituencies which are or have been Conservative-held, including sizeable Jewish, Muslim and Cypriot communities.[n 4]
In recent years, the south-eastern and southern wards of the constituency including Bowes and Palmers Green always return Labour local councillors, with some councillors also in Southgate Green and Winchmore Hill. These wards tend to give the bulk of the Labour vote. However, in the remainder of the wards, they give majorities to the Conservatives and often elect Conservative councillors.
To the north, the seat becomes semi-rural as it takes in Trent Park and the former campus of Middlesex University, and the Cockfosters terminus of the Piccadilly line, stretching into the wealthy Hadley Wood area. Some areas (smaller than local government wards) in the south of the constituency have middle rankings of deprivation when placed in a complete list of wards (such as the 2000 Index of Multiple Deprivation), however all other output areas lack any significant deprivation.
1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Southgate.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Enfield wards of Arnos, Bowes, Cockfosters, Grange, Highfield, Oakwood, Palmers Green, Southgate Green, West, and Winchmore Hill.
1983-2010: The London Borough of Enfield wards of Arnos, Bowes, Grange, Grovelands, Highfield, Merryhills, Oakwood, Palmers Green, Southgate Green, Trent, and Winchmore Hill.
2010-present: The London Borough of Enfield wards of Bowes, Cockfosters, Grange, Palmers Green, Southgate, Southgate Green, and Winchmore Hill.
5th Boundary review 2000–2007Edit
Following its review of parliamentary representation in North London, the Boundary Commission for England made some changes to Enfield, Southgate. Part of Highlands ward was transferred to the constituency of Enfield North, and part of Grange ward was transferred from Enfield North to Enfield, Southgate. Parts of Grange ward, Bowes ward and Palmers Green ward were transferred to Enfield, Southgate from Edmonton. Part of Bush Hill Park ward and a tiny part of Upper Edmonton ward were transferred to Edmonton.
6th Boundary review 2015–2018Edit
In the first draft proposal of the Review, the Constituency would be broken up, with Cockfosters Ward joining an enlarged Chipping Barnet, Grange Ward joining Enfield North (renamed to Enfield), Palmers Green returning to Edmonton, and the remainder joining parts of Finchley in a new Southgate and Finchley Constituency.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1950||Sir Beverley Baxter||Conservative|
|1964||Sir Anthony Berry||Conservative|
|1984 by-election||Michael Portillo||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Pippa Morgan||1,925||4.0||+0.7|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Smith||1,518||3.3||−10.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Johar Khan||6,124||13.8||+2.7|
|English Democrat||Ben Weald||173||0.4||N/A|
|Independent||Mal 'the Warrior' Malakounides||88||0.2||N/A|
|Better Britain Party||Jeremy Sturgess||35||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Ziz Kakoulakis||4,724||11.2||+4.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+8.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Wayne Hoban||2,935||7.0||−3.7|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Browne||4,966||10.7||−3.8|
|Christian Democrat||Alan Storkey||289||0.6||N/A|
|Mal – Voice of the People||Andrew Malakouna||229||0.5||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-17.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Kevin Keane||7,080||11.2||−6.5|
|Green||Marghanita C.P.H. Hollands||696||1.4||0.0|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Turkish Troops Out of Cyprus||Andreas Polydrou||687||2||N/A|
|Nationalist Party||James Kershaw||80||0.2||N/A|
|English National||Raymond Shenton||78||0.2||N/A|
|Abolish Greater London, Restore Middlesex||Iain Burgess||50||0.2||N/A|
|Captain Rainbow's Universal Party||George Weiss||48||0.2||N/A|
|Death off Roads: Freight on Rail||Helen Anscomb||45||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||I S Wilson||11,584||22.55||-0.28|
|National Front||R Pert||895||1.74||-0.87|
|Labour||J P Sheppard||10,966||22.83||+2.64|
|Liberal||George J Bridge||9,922||20.66||-4.81|
|National Front||B W Pell||1,255||2.61||+0.41|
|Liberal||George J Bridge||13,806||25.47||+11.05|
|National Front||B W Pell||1,192||2.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op||Robert Brian Bastin||9,389||24.84||+0.23|
|Liberal||George J Bridge||5,451||14.42||-7.50|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Percy Sassoon Gourgey||9,743||24.61||+2.99|
|Liberal||George J Bridge||8,679||21.92||-1.70|
|Liberal||George J Bridge||9,600||23.62||+2.41|
|Labour||S. John Chapman||8,787||21.62||+3.62|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||George J Bridge||8,968||21.21||+3.50|
|Labour||S. John Chapman||7,613||18.00||-1.97|
|Labour||George Louis Caunt||8,584||19.97||-2.56|
|Liberal||George J Bridge||7,614||17.71||+2.40|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Strictly a London Borough prefix to the constituency name (in this case Enfield) was introduced in 1974
- see 2011 census data release: Ethnicity
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Home · Enfield Council". www.enfield.gov.uk.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- "UK Boundary Commission draft proposal for London" (PDF). Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "Enfield Southgate parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf] House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report Check
|url=value (help). Missing or empty
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Results for Enfield Southgate, 7 May 2015". 7 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Electoral Commission - Enfield Southgate". www.electoralcommission.org.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1983-87 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.