Energy Policy Act of 1992
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The Energy Policy Act, effective October 24, 1992, (102nd Congress H.R.776.ENR, abbreviated as EPACT92) is a United States government act. It was passed by Congress and set goals, created mandates, and amended utility laws to increase clean energy use and improve overall energy efficiency in the United States. The Act consists of twenty-seven titles detailing various measures designed to lessen the nation's dependence on imported energy, provide incentives for clean and renewable energy, and promote energy conservation in buildings.
|Other short titles|
|Long title||An Act to provide for improved energy efficiency.|
|Nicknames||Coal Industry Retiree Health Benefit Act of 1992|
|Enacted by||the 102nd United States Congress|
|Effective||October 24, 1992|
|Statutes at Large||106 Stat. 2776|
|Acts amended||Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978|
Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935
|Titles amended||16 U.S.C.: Conservation|
42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare
|U.S.C. sections created||16 U.S.C. ch. 46 § 2601 et seq.|
42 U.S.C. ch. 134 § 13201 et seq.
|Energy Policy Act of 2005|
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010
Amendment of prior energy actsEdit
It reformed the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA) to help small utility companies stay competitive with larger utilities and amended the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978, broadening the range of resource choices for utility companies and outlined new rate-making standards. It also amended parts of the Federal Power Act of 1935 (Title VII).
The act addressed:
- energy efficiency, energy conservation and energy management (Title I),
- natural gas imports and exports (Title II),
- alternative fuels and requiring certain fleets to acquire alternative fuel vehicles, which are capable of operating on nonpetroleum fuels (Title III-V),
- electric motor vehicles (Title VI),
- radioactive waste (Title VIII),
- coal power and clean coal (Title XIII),
- renewable energy (Title XII),
- and other issues.
Title I--energy efficiencyEdit
Title I established a comprehensive energy efficiency program that included incentives for energy conservation in buildings and created efficiency standards for appliances.
The EPAct directed the federal government to decrease energy consumption in federal buildings when feasible, and to integrate the use of alternative fuel vehicles in federal and state fleets. There are separate sections dedicated to coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear energy detailing clean energy incentives, research & development strategies, conservation goals, and responsible management practices.
Energy efficiency provisionsEdit
- Buildings - Requires states to establish minimum commercial building energy codes and to consider minimum residential codes based on current voluntary codes. This gave impetus to the creation and modification of ASHRAE 90.1/1999, 2001, ASHRAE 90.2, the Model Energy Code etc.
- Utilities - Requires states to consider new regulatory standards that would require utilities to undertake integrated resource planning; allow the energy efficiency programs to be at least as profitable as new supply options; and encourage improvements in supply system efficiency.
- Equipment Standards - Establishes efficiency standards for: Commercial heating and air-conditioning equipment; electric motors; and lamps.
- Renewable Energy - Establishes a program for providing federal support on a competitive basis for renewable energy technologies
- Alternative Fuels
- Electric Vehicles
- Electricity - Removes obstacles to wholesale power competition in the Public Utilities Holding Company Act (PUHCA).
TITLE III--alternative fuelsEdit
Title III of the 1992 Energy Policy Act addresses alternative fuels. It gave the U.S. Department of Energy administrative power to regulate the minimum number of light duty alternative fuel vehicles required in certain federal fleets beginning in fiscal year 1993. Title III includes:
- Federal Fleet Requirements.
- State and Alternative Fuel Provider Rule.
- Private and Local Government Fleet Rule.
- Alternative Fuel Designation Authority.
TITLE VI--electric motor vehiclesEdit
Title VIII--radioactive wasteEdit
Section 801 directed the United States Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate radiation protection standards for the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository, which had been designated by the Federal government to serve as the permanent disposal site for used nuclear fuel and other radioactive materials from commercial nuclear power plants and U.S. Department of Defense activities.
Title XII--renewable energyEdit
EPACT92 was far reaching in the impacting electric power deregulation, building codes and new energy efficient products. The act was also responsible for the mandate of low flush toilets and outlawing the installation of toilets that flushed more than 1.6 gallons (6 liters) of water.