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Endicott Rock is a state park located on the shore of Lake Winnipesaukee in the Weirs Beach village of Laconia, New Hampshire. Its principal attraction is a large rock originally in the lake that was incised with lettering in 1652 by surveyors for the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The rock provides definitive evidence of one of the earliest incursions of Europeans into the area.

Endicott Rock
EndicottRock 3.jpg
The rock's enclosure
Endicott Rock is located in New Hampshire
Endicott Rock
Endicott Rock is located in the US
Endicott Rock
Location Weirs Channel, Laconia, New Hampshire
Coordinates 43°36′15″N 71°27′22″W / 43.60417°N 71.45611°W / 43.60417; -71.45611Coordinates: 43°36′15″N 71°27′22″W / 43.60417°N 71.45611°W / 43.60417; -71.45611
Area less than one acre
Built 1652 (1652)
Website Endicott Rock State Historic Site
NRHP reference # 80000264[1]
Added to NRHP May 28, 1980

For many years the rock's existence was unknown, until it was rediscovered in the 19th century when the Weirs Channel was dredged. The state then undertook to protect the rock from the elements, building a pavilion over it and stabilizing cracks in the rock with iron fittings. The markings on the rock include "IOHN ENDICUT GOV", a reference to John Endecott, who was then governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the initials of the surveyors.[2] The colony's boundaries, according to its charter, were 3 miles (4.8 km) north of the Merrimack River, and the rock was incorrectly believed by the English party to mark the northernmost head of the river (the headwaters of the Merrimack's main tributary, the Pemigewasset River, are significantly further north, but the survey party was misled by its Indian guides).

The rock

Admission to the small park is free and offers picnic facilities. (The parking fee in the immediate vicinity is $10.) Materials from the New Hampshire Division of Parks and Recreation sometimes identify the site as a historic site, and sometimes as a state park. A rectangular area surrounding the rock and its sheltering pavilion were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "NRHP nomination for Endicott Rock". National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-05-28.