Endemic birds of Colombia

The following is a list of the 83 known endemic bird species in Colombia (about 4% of Colombian species) with notes about their general distribution.[1] [2] Twenty-three (28%) of the species are found only in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, an isolated mountain range in northern Colombia with a very high degree of endemism.

Endemic bird listEdit

Scientific name Common name Status [3] Distribution [4]
Cracidae
Ortalis garrula Chestnut-winged chachalaca Caribbean Region between Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and the Sinú River
Ortalis columbiana Colombian chachalaca Slopes of the Inter-Andean Valleys
Penelope perspicax Cauca guan Endangered Slopes of West & Central Andes (Valle del Cauca, Risaralda, Quindío, Cauca)
Crax alberti Blue-billed curassow Critically endangered Spottily in forested mountains of northern Colombia
Odontophoridae
Odontophorus hyperythrus Chestnut wood-quail Near threatened Slope of West and Central Andes
Odontophorus strophium Gorgeted wood-quail Endangered West slope of East Andes
Columbidae
Leptotila conoveri Tolima dove Endangered East slope of Central Andes (Tolima, Huila)
Trochilidae
Ramphomicron dorsale Black-backed thornbill Endangered Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Oxypogon stuebelii Buffy helmetcrest Vulnerable Central Andes páramo
Oxypogon cyanolaemus Blue-bearded helmetcrest Critically endangered Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Oxypogon guerinii Green-bearded helmetcrest East Andes páramo
Eriocnemis isabellae Gorgeted puffleg Critically endangered Serranía del Pinche, Cauca
Eriocnemis mirabilis Colorful puffleg Critically endangered West Andes in Cauca
Coeligena prunellei Black inca Vulnerable West slope of East Andes (Cundinamarca, Boyacá, Santander)
Coeligena phalerata White-tailed starfrontlet Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Coeligena orina Dusky starfrontlet Critically endangered Spottily in the northern West Andes
Chaetocercus astreans Santa Marta woodstar Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Chlorostilbon olivaresi Chiribiquete emerald Serranía de Chiribiquete, Amazon Region
Anthocephala floriceps Santa Marta blossomcrown Vulnerable Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Anthocephala berlepschi Tolima blossomcrown Central Andes (Quindío, Tolima, Huila)
Campylopterus phainopeplus Santa Marta sabrewing Endangered Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Amazilia castaneiventris Chestnut-bellied hummingbird Endangered Drier areas of the Magdalena River drainage (Boyacá, Santander)
Amazilia cyanifrons Indigo-capped hummingbird Central Colombia (Upper Magdalena Valley into East Andes)
Lepidopyga lilliae Sapphire-bellied hummingbird Critically endangered Caribbean coast (Atlántico, Magdalena, La Guajira)
Rallidae
Rallus semiplumbeus Bogota rail Endangered High wetlands in East Andes (Cundinamarca, Boyacá)
Strigidae
Megascops gilesi Santa Marta screech owl Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Bucconidae
Bucco noanamae Sooty-capped puffbird Near threatened Northwest Colombia (Chocó, Antioquia)
Capitonidae
Capito hypoleucus White-mantled barbet Vulnerable North Central Andes & west slope of East Andes
Picidae
Picumnus granadensis Grayish piculet Cauca Valley slopes and lowlands
Melanerpes pulcher Beautiful woodpecker North Central Andes & west slope of East Andes; Magdalena Valley
Psittacidae
Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons Rufous-fronted parakeet Vulnerable Central Andes (Los Nevados National Park)
Hapalopsittaca fuertesi Indigo-winged parrot Critically endangered Central Andes (Risaralda, Tolima, Quindío)
Pyrrhura viridicata Santa Marta parakeet Endangered Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Pyrrhura calliptera Brown-breasted parakeet Vulnerable Spottily in northern East Andes
Ognorhynchus icterotis Yellow-eared parrot Endangered Few locations in the Colombian Andes
Thamnophilidae
Drymophila caudata East Andean antbird West slope of East Andes; Upper Magdalena Valley (Caquetá, Huila)
Drymophila hellmayri Santa Marta antbird Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Cercomacra parkeri Parker's antbird Central Andes; small area of central West Andes
Grallariidae
Grallaria bangsi Santa Marta antpitta Vulnerable Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Grallaria kaestneri Cundinamarca antpitta Endangered East slope of East Andes (Cundinamarca)
Grallaria urraoensis Urrao antpitta Critically endangered Páramo de Frontino, West Andes (Antioquia)
Grallaria milleri Brown-banded antpitta Vulnerable Central Andes (Caldas, Tolima, Risaralda, Quindío)
Rhinocryptidae
Scytalopus sanctaemartae Santa Marta tapaculo Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Scytalopus rodriguezi Magdalena tapaculo Endangered East slope of Central Andes, Upper Magdalena Valley
Scytalopus stilesi Stiles's tapaculo Northern Central Andes (Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda)
Scytalopus alvarezlopezi Tatama tapaculo West slope of West Andes (Antioquia to Valle del Cauca)
Scytalopus latebricola Brown-rumped tapaculo Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Scytalopus canus Paramillo tapaculo Endangered Northern West Andes (Antioquia)
Furnariidae
Clibanornis rufipectus Santa Marta foliage-gleaner Near threatened Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Cranioleuca hellmayri Streak-capped spinetail Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Synallaxis subpudica Silvery-throated spinetail East Andes (Cundinamarca, Boyacá)
Synallaxis fuscorufa Rusty-headed spinetail Vulnerable Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Tyrannidae
Phylloscartes lanyoni Antioquia bristle-tyrant Endangered Central Andes (Antioquia, Caldas); west slope of East Andes (Cundinamarca, Boyacá)
Myiotheretes pernix Santa Marta bush-tyrant Endangered Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Myiarchus apicalis Apical flycatcher Inter-Andean Valleys and adjacent slopes
Cotingidae
Lipaugus weberi Chestnut-capped piha Endangered Northern Central Andes
Vireonidae
Vireo caribaeus San Andres vireo Vulnerable San Andres Island
Troglodytidae
Troglodytes monticola Santa Marta wren Critically endangered Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Cistothorus apolinari Apolinar's wren Endangered East Andes (Cundinamarca, Boyacá)
Thryophilus sernai Antioquia wren Dry forest along Cauca River (Antioquia)
Thryophilus nicefori Niceforo's wren Critically endangered West slope of East Andes (Santander, Boyacá)
Henicorhina anachoreta Hermit wood wren Near threatened Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Henicorhina negreti Munchique wood wren Critically endangered Spottily in the West Andes
Fringillidae
Euphonia concinna Velvet-fronted euphonia Magdalena Valley
Passerellidae
Arremon basilicus Sierra Nevada brushfinch Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Atlapetes melanocephalus Santa Marta brushfinch Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Atlapetes flaviceps Yellow-headed brushfinch Endangered East slope of Central Andes (Huila, Tolima)
Atlapetes fuscoolivaceus Dusky-headed brushfinch Near threatened Upper Magdalena Valley (Huila, Cauca)
Atlapetes blancae Antioquia brushfinch Critically endangered Northern Central Andes (Antioquia)
Icteridae
Psarocolius cassini Baudo oropendola Endangered Coastal mountains of the Pacific Region, Choc[o
Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster Red-bellied grackle Vulnerable Spottily in Andes
Macroagelaius subalaris Mountain grackle Endangered West slope of East Andes
Parulidae
Basileuterus basilicus Santa Marta warbler Vulnerable Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Basileuterus conspicillatus White-lored warbler Near threatened Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Myioborus flavivertex Yellow-crowned redstart Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta


Cardinalidae
Habia gutturalis Sooty ant-tanager Near threatened Foothills of northern Andes including Magdalena Valley
Habia cristata Crested ant-tanager West slope of West Andes


Thraupidae
Bangsia melanochlamys Black-and-gold tanager Vulnerable Central Andes (Antioquia); West Andes (Chocó, Risaralda, Valle del Cauca)
Bangsia aureocincta Gold-ringed tanager Endangered West Andes (Chocó, Risaralda, Valle del Cauca, Antioquia)
Anisognathus melanogenys Black-cheeked mountain-tanager Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Chlorochrysa nitidissima Multicolored tanager Vulnerable West Andes; Central Andes (Risaralda, Antioquia)
Dacnis hartlaubi Turquoise dacnis Vulnerable Spottily in Andes (Valle del Cauca, Huila, Quindío, Antioquia, Risaralda, Cundinamarca, Boyacá)
Diglossa gloriosissima Chestnut-bellied flowerpiercer Endangered Spottily in West Andes (Antioquia to Cauca)



Image galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SACC-AOU: A Classification of the Bird Species of South America".
  2. ^ "Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology - Neotropical Birds Online".
  3. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species".
  4. ^ "Clements Checklist 2018".

See alsoEdit