En mi Viejo San Juan
"En mi Viejo San Juan" (In my Old San Juan) is a composition by Puerto Rican composer and singer Noel Estrada. Interpreted by numerous singers and translated into various languages, the song is "widely known around the world". There are musical interpretations in German, English and French. Over 1,000 distinct recordings of the song have been made worldwide.
|"En mi Viejo San Juan"|
|Single by Noel Estrada|
The song was written in 1942 for Estrada's brother who had been deployed to Panama during World War II and was feeling nostalgia for his Puerto Rico motherland. The song has become an anthem of Puerto Rican emigration to New York.
The song was first recorded by El Trio Vegabajeño in 1943 under the label RCA Victor and later under Mar-Vela. The song had an immediate impact and many other versions followed. Two later interpretations achieved large popularity as well as measured by radio ratings: those of Manuel Jiménez Quartet (RCA Víctor, 1948) and the one by Joe Valle with Moncho Usera and his orchestra (Seeco, 1949).
Together with La Borinqueña and Preciosa, "En mi Viejo San Juan" is considered a national anthem by many Puerto Ricans, especially those who live far away from their Caribbean homeland, Puerto Rico.[a] In this context, the song was put in juxtaposition with Anglo songs including America from West Side Story and America by Neil Diamond. In more general terms, and despite its original military motivation and origins, the song reflects the sentiments of not just Puerto Ricans stationaed abroad as servicemen as was Estrada's brother Eloy Jr., but those of the entire DiaspoRican community as well. By all measures, nevertheless, the song is a reflection of Estrada's "intimate" love connection with his motherland.
"En mi Viejo San Juan" is considered a classic and has been performed by numerous artists. Originally interpreted by El Trío Vegabajeño, the song would later be interpreted by artists like Luis Miguel, Javier Solis,Vikki Carr, Danny Rivera, Marco Antonio Muñiz, Trío Los Panchos, Rafael Cortijo, Ismael Rivera, Celia Cruz,[b] and Rocío Dúrcal, plus "hundreds of other voices including Libertad Lamarque, Marco Antonio Muñiz, Ginamaría Hidalgo, and Felipe Pirela. In 1999, Mexican singer-songwriter Marco Antonio Solís performed a live cover of the song during his concert in the Centro de Bellas Artes which was included on his live album En Vivo (2000). His version peaked at number 23 on the Billboard Hot Latin Songs and number eight on the Regional Mexican Airplay charts in the United States. In 2012, American pianist Arthur Hanlon performed a live cover of the song where he was accompanied by Marc Anthony for Hanlon's album Encanto del Caribe (2012). It was presented during the first concert to ever be recorded on the Castillo de San Cristóbal.
The song has also been recorded in at least three other languages in addition to its original Spanish version: English, German, and French. "There are versions in all musical genres, including instrumental, acústico, tango, bolero, ranchera, and even a disco version by Oscar Solo". The song is heard in over 50 Mexican and over 20 Puerto Rican motion pictures, including "Romance en Puerto Rico" (1961) and Antonio Aguilar's "Mi aventura en Puerto Rico" (1975). "En mi Viejo San Juan" has been recorded by American, Russian, German, French, Japanese orchestras, among others. The first known interpretation in French was by the vedette Lolita Cuevas. At least over 1,000 distinct recordings of the song have been made worldwide. The only other boleros to have achieved such popularity are "Obsesión" and "Perdón" (by Pedro Flores) y "Piel canela" (by Bobby Capó) followed by "Desvelo de amor" and "Capullito de alelí" (by Rafael Hernández Marín).
In 1971, during the mayoral administration of Carlos Romero Barcelo, the song was adopted as the official city anthem of the City of San Juan.[a] The city of San Juan also passed a resolution making the author of the song (Estrada) an honorary citizen of the city.
The 1988 Tato Laviera's "Mainstream Ethics" poem uses most of the lyrics of En mi Viejo San Juan to depict the Puerto Rican "revolving door" migration motif.
Following is a partial list of recordings of the song by year.
- Noel Estrada (RCA Victor, 1943)
- El Trio Vegabajeño (RCA Victor, 1943)
- Manuel Jiménez Quartet (RCS Victor, 1948)
- Joe Valle with Moncho Usera and his orchestra (Seeco, 1949)
- Julito Rodríguez y su Trío Los Primos (Ansonia, 1957)
- Ñico & His Latin Brass (Discuba, 1960)
- Cortijo y Su Combo en voz de Ismael Rivera (Gema, 1961)
- Billo's Caracas Boys en voz de José Luis Rodríguez (Velvet, 1964)
- Gilberto Monroig (Borinquen, 1964)
- Leroy Smith & His Melo’stone (Borinquen, 1964)
- Javier Solís (Columbia, 1965)
- Luis Pérez Meza (Musart, 1965)
- Libertad Lamarque (RCA Victor, 1966)
- Sonia La Única (RCA Victor, 1967)
- Juan Legido (Velvet, 1967)
- Felipe Rodríguez "La Voz" y su Trío Los Antares (RCA Victor, 1967)
- Los Chavales de España en voz de Luis Tamayo (Tico, 1967)
- Quetcy Alma Martínez "La Lloroncita" (Pop Art, 1967)
- Leo Marini con la Sonora Matancera (Seeco, 1972)
- Antonio Aguilar (Musart, 1974)
- Ismael Miranda (Fania, 1975)
- Oscar Solo (Borinquen, 1977)
- Francis "El Songo" Santana (Kubaney, 1979)
- Ramoncito Rodríguez y su Trío Los Andinos (Ritmo y Sonido, 1991)
- Prodigio Claudio (Combo, 1991)
- Cuarteto Los Kintos (Disco Hit, 1992)
- Julia Barrera (CR, 1992)
- Ángel Náter y su Orquesta Escambrón en voz de Noel Linares (Oeran, 1995)
- Jimmy Rey (Sonolux, 1997)
- Gerardito Fernández (Sony Latin, 1998)
- Charlie Zaa (Sonolux, 1998)
- José Feliciano (PolyGram Latino, 1999)
- Eddie Ricardo (Maci, 2003)
- Lupillo Rivera (Sony Latin, 2004)
- Modesto Nieves, virtuoso cuatrista (HCP, 2004)
- Ball (2008) "Written during World War II by Noel Estrada, "En mi Viejo San Juan" is one of the most famous ballads of Puerto Rico. The song captures the longing of Puerto Rican emigrants and soldiers for their distant homeland. For many Puerto Ricans, it remains today a kind of second national anthem, and it was adopted as the official city anthem of San Juan."
- Ruiz Patton (1998) "She must have known there was a large Puerto Rican population in the audience because she included in her set the song, "En mi Viejo San Juan," "In my Old San Juan." The crowd of about 6,500 went wild, arms in the air, standing and cheering when they heard her begin the song."
- Cumple 60 ‘En mi Viejo San Juan’. Archived 2 February 2014 at archive.today Miguel López Ortiz. Fundación Nacional para la Cultura Popular. 25 August 2006.
- Noel Estrada. Clarissa Santiago Toro. Fundación Nacional para la Cultura Popular
- Repensar la Nacion: Entre lo local y lo global en el siglo ventiuno. Archived 3 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Ian Biddle and Vanessa Knights. University of New Castle, UK. p.5.
- Noel Estrada. Fundacion Nacional para la Cultura Popular.
- Divergent Modernities:Culture and Politics in Nineteenth-century Latin America. Julio Ramos. Duke University Press. 2001. p.288.
- Ball, Eddy (November 2008). "Hispanic Heritage Month Reception". National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- La puesta en escena de la familia immigrante puertorriqueña. Alberto Sandoval Sanchez. Mount Holyoke College. 1993.
- Words Were All We Had: Becoming Biliterate Against the Odds. María E. Fránquiz. María de la Luz Reyes, ed. Boriquen Querido: growing up bilingual in a military family. p.131.
- Expresiones de inclusividad: análisis socio histórico de "Mi Viejo San Juan," serie de pinturas de Ramón Bulerín. Milagros Denis-Rosario. Delaware Review of Latin American Studies. Vol. 13 No. 2. 30 December 2012.
- María de la Luz Reyes. Words Were All We Had: Becoming Biliterate Against the Odds. p.122. María de la Luz Reyes, editor. Chapter 10. Boriquen Querido: Growing Up Bilingual in a Military Family. Teachers College Press. 2011. ISBN 9780807770764.
- Salazar, Jaime Rico (1993) [unknown]. Centro Editorial de Estudios Musicales (ed.). Cien años de boleros: Su historia, sus compositores, sus mejores intérpretes y 600 boleros inolvidables (in Spanish). p. 541.
- El Viejo San Juan, el alma de Puerto Rico. Silvia Roba. El Periodico Viajar. 30 July 2012
- Maria Viruet. La Hija de Fela y Aladino. Palibrio. 2012. ISBN 9781463330422. p.16.
- Fernando Díez Losada. Género de los toponímicos. In, La tribuna del idioma. Editorial Tecnológica de Costa Rica. 2004. ISBN 9789977661612. p.396.
- Noel Estrada. Clarissa Santiago-Toro, National Foundation for Popular Culture. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- VIKKI CARR – EN MI VIEJO SAN JUAN. Archived 3 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine IPC Media Entertainment Network.
- "Vikki Carr. En mi Viejo San Juan: a dúo con Danny Rivera". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán / Marco Antonio Muñiz: En mi Viejo San Juan.
- Encyclopedia of Latin American Music. George Torres. Page 317.
- "Rafael Cortijo: Cronología". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Ismael Cortijo: En mi viejo San Juan.
- Queen of Salsa Celia Cruz, Sizzles for crowd of 6,500 at Musikfest. Susan Ruiz Patton. The Morning Call. 9 August 1998.
- "En Vivo — Marco Antonio Solís: Overview". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "Marco Antonio Solís — Chart history: Hot Latin Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Laura Sanchez Ubanell (14 August 2012). "Arthur Hanlon's Latin concert with Marc Anthony premieres on PBS tonight". Voxxi. Interactive One. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Noel Estrada. Clarissa Santiago Toro. Fundación Nacional para la Cultura Popular. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- María de la Luz Reyes (2011). "Chapter 10: Boriquen Querido: Growing Up Bilingual in a Military Family". In de la Luz Reyes, María (ed.). Words Were All We Had: Becoming Biliterate Against the Odds. Teachers College Press. p. 122. ISBN 9780807770764.
- Words Were All We Had: Becoming Biliterate Against the Odds. María E. Fránquiz. María de la Luz Reyes, ed. Boriquen Querido: growing up bilingual in a military family. p.122.
- International News Reports. Billboard. 16 January 1971. Vol. 83, No. 3. p.77.
- The Island as Mainland and the Revolving Door Motif. Patricia M. Montilla. A Companion to US Latino Literatures. Carlota Caulfield, Darién J. Davis, eds. p.51.