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Empress Xiaozhaoren (1653 – 18 March 1678), of the Manchu Bordered Yellow Banner Niohuru clan, was a consort of the Kangxi Emperor. She was one year his senior.

Empress Xiaozhaoren
《孝昭仁皇后常服像》局部.jpg
Empress consort of Qing
Tenure18 September 1677 – 18 March 1678
PredecessorEmpress Xiaochengren
SuccessorEmpress Xiaoyiren
Born1653 (1653)
(順治十年)
Died18 March 1678(1678-03-18) (aged 24–25)
(康熙十七年 二月 二十六日)
Palace of Earthly Tranquility
Burial
Jing Mausoleum, Eastern Qing tombs
Spouse
Kangxi Emperor (m. 1665–1678)
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaozhao Jingshu Minghui Zhenghe Anyu Duanmu Qintian Shunsheng Ren
(孝昭靜淑明惠正和安裕端穆欽天順聖仁皇后)
HouseNiohuru (鈕祜祿; by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Empress Xiaozhaoren
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese孝昭仁皇后
Simplified Chinese孝昭仁皇后
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ
ᡤᡝᠩᡤᡳᠶᡝᠨ
ᡤᠣᠰᡳᠨ
ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ
Romanizationhiyoošungga genggiyen gosin hūwangheo

Contents

LifeEdit

Empress Xiaozhaoren's personal name was not recorded in history.

Family backgroundEdit

Kangxi eraEdit

In 1665, Lady Niohuru entered the Forbidden City and became a mistress of the Kangxi Emperor. Lady Niohuru did not receive any rank or title initially. After the Kangxi Emperor's first empress consort, Empress Xiaochengren, died on 6 June 1674, the Kangxi Emperor did not elevate any of his consorts to the position of Empress to replace her. On 18 September 1677, Lady Niohuru was first mentioned in official histories when the Kangxi Emperor instated her as his new Empress. As Empress, Lady Niohuru was in charge of the emperor's harem. She died on 18 March 1678 and was interred in the Jing Mausoleum of the Eastern Qing tombs alongside Empress Xiaochengren.

TitlesEdit

  • During the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor (r. 1643–1661):
    • Lady Niohuru (from 1653)
  • During the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1661–1722):
    • Empress (皇后; from 18 September 1677[1])
    • Empress Xiaozhao (孝昭皇后; from 11 May 1678[2])
  • During the reign of the Yongzheng Emperor (r. 1722–1735):
    • Empress Xiaozhaoren (孝昭仁皇后; from July 1723[3])

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 康熙十六年 八月 二十二日
  2. ^ 康熙十七年 閏三月 二十一日
  3. ^ 雍正元年 六月

ReferencesEdit

  • Niuhulu jiapu 鈕祜祿家譜 [Genealogy of the Niohuru Clan] (in Chinese).
  • Qinggong dang'an 清宮檔案 [Archives of the Qing Palace] (in Chinese).
  • Qing huangshi sipu 清皇室四譜 [Four Genealogies of the Qing Imperial Clan] (in Chinese).
  • Du, Jiaji. "清代《玉牒》中的滿族史資料及其價值 [Materials on Manchu History in the Qing Dynasty's "Imperial Genealogy" and Their Value]". Liu Chaishao de boke 刘柴烧的博客 [Liu Chaishao's Blog] (in Chinese). Chinese Social History Research Centre, School of History, Nankai University. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  • Wan, Yi; Shuqing, Wang; Yanzhen, Lu; Scott, Rosemary E. (1988). Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912 (Illustrated ed.). Viking. ISBN 0670811645.
  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese).
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Xiaochengren
Empress of China
18 September 1677 – 18 March 1678
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaoyiren