Emperor of Korea

Emperor of Korea was the title of head of state of the Korean Empire between 1897 and 1910.[1] It was established with the inauguration of Gojong,[2] in November 1897, and ended with the abolition of emperor Sunjong on August 29, 1910. In 1910, the head of the Gyeongsul National Assembly was taken over by the Japanese emperor, and the head of the government was taken over by Japanese Prime Minister Masatake Terauchi as the first governor of Joseon.

Emperor of
the Korean Empire
대한제국의 황제
Imperial Seal of the Korean Empire.svg
Emperor Sunjong.jpg
Last to reign
Sunjong of Korea
19 July 1907 – 29 August 1910
StyleHis Imperial Majesty
First monarchGojong
Last monarchSunjong
Formation12 October 1897
Abolition29 August 1910
ResidenceDeoksugung, Changdeokgung
Pretender(s)Yi Won


Joseon was conquered by Japan, which had won the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895. To emphasize that Korea was an independent country, the title of the monarchy was changed to a great monarchy in 1895. The Chinese emperor named the Emperor in 1897.[3]

During the coronation of the Korean emperor in Gyeongung Palace, the Joseon dynasty became the Empire of Korea. The government was an absolute monarchy. The Emperor was head of state and had absolute power. Japan's intervention intensified, and the Emperor gradually lost power. In 1910, emperor Sunjong abdicated, however the Korean Imperial House has continued to exist.

List of Korean EmperorsEdit

# Portrait Personal name Period of reign Courtesy name (C) /
Pseudonym (Ps)
Temple name (廟號) (T) /
Posthumous name (諡號) (P)
Era name (年號)
Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja Westernized Hangul/Hanja
1   Yi Myeong bok
Yi Hui
이명복 (李命福)
이희 (李㷩)
1897–1907 Seongrim (C)
Juyeon (Ps)
성림 (聖臨, C)
주연 (珠淵, Ps)
Gojong (T)
Emperor Tae (P)
고종 (高宗, T)
태황제 (太皇帝, P)
Gwangmu 광무 (光武)
2   Yi Cheok 이척 (李坧) 1907–1910 Gundang (C)
Jeongheon (Ps)
군방 (君邦, C)
정헌 (正軒, Ps)
Sunjong (T)
Emperor Hyo (P)
순종 (純宗, T)
효황제 (孝皇帝, P)
Yunghui 융희 (隆熙)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ McDougall, W. (October 1907). "Reviews: The Integrative Action of the Nervous Systems". Brain. 30 (3): 376–392. doi:10.1093/brain/30.3.376. ISSN 0006-8950.[irrelevant citation]
  2. ^ "Kojong | Korean ruler". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  3. ^ Szczepanski, Kallie. "Photos of Korea's Imperial Family". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 2019-04-08.