Emory Johnson

Alfred Emory Johnson (March 16, 1894 – April 18, 1960) was an American actor, director, producer, and writer. He started acting in silent films as a teenager. Early in his career, Carl Laemmle choose Emory to become a Universal studio leading man. He also became part of one of the early Hollywood celebrity marriages when he wed Ella Hall.

Emory Johnson
Emory Johnson 32.jpg
Johnson in 1925
Born
Alfred Emory Johnson

(1894-03-16)March 16, 1894
DiedApril 18, 1960(1960-04-18) (aged 66)
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale
Occupation
  • Actor
  • Director
  • Producer
  • Writer
Years active1912–1932
Known forThe Third Alarm
Spouse(s)
(m. 1919; div. 1930)
Children4, including Ellen Hall and Richard Emory
Signature
Cursive signature in ink

In 1922, Emory acted and directed his first feature film – In the Name of The Law. He would continue to direct more feature films until the end of the decade. By the early 1930s, his Hollywood career had faded, and he became a portrait photographer. In 1960, he died from burns sustained in a fire.


Early yearsEdit

Emory Johnson was the son of Swedish parents. His father, Alfred Jönsson (later anglicized to Johnson), was born in Veinge, Halland, Sweden on February 7, 1864. Emory's mother was born Emilie Matilda Jönsdotter in Gothenburg, Västra Götaland, Sweden on June 3, 1867.

When she was eight years old, her writing skills impressed a minister of the Lutheran Church of Sweden. The minister adopted her and became responsible for her education. The minister became a bishop. Over time, the bishop became an adviser to the King of Sweden.[1]

Emilie Jönsdotter's education continued until the bishop died. After the bishop's passing, Emilie migrated to America. She arrived in San Francisco, California, on September 24, 1891, 25 years old and unmarried. While living in San Francisco, she met Alfred Johnson. Alfred and Emilie fell in love. They married at the Ebenezer Lutheran Church in San Francisco, California, on May 11, 1893. Their only child, Alfred Emory Johnson, was born on March 16, 1894, in San Francisco.

In 1900, the Johnson family was living comfortably on Bush Street in San Francisco, California. Emory's father owned a famous Turkish bathing house. The family lived in a fine house and had live-in servants.[2] In 1906, a catastrophic event changed everything – San Francisco earthquake. The quake caused many fires to break-out throughout the city. One fire destroyed Johnson's bathhouse. The Johnson family survived the quake and resettled in nearby Alameda, California. In 1910, Emory's father supported the family by establishing the famous Piedmont baths.[3]

Emory attended Crocker Highlands Elementary School and Oakland High School. Upon graduation (public school Alumni), he enrolled in the Architecture program at the University of California at Berkeley. After he had invested a year and a half in college, he dropped out in his second year. He said – "I just got tired pushing a slide rule around." He began looking for a job.[4]

CareerEdit

Essanay years 1912–1914Edit

In 1912, Emory was taking an outing through scenic Niles Canyon in California. While driving, he heard noises like gunfire. Suddenly, "a gang of cowboys rode up, firing at a stagecoach."[4] He had "stumbled" across a film crew shooting a new silent Western movie. The Essanay Studios based in Niles, was creating one of their famous Broncho Billy westerns.

These early western films would feature the first cowboy star of the silver screen – Gilbert Anderson. All future western movie stars would owe debt to this pioneer. At the time, Essanay Studios were co-owned by Anderson and George K. Spoor.[5][6]

Emory became enthralled with the movie-making business. He started hanging around the film crews, offering to do odd jobs. Eventually, the founder of Essanay – Gilbert Anderson noticed Emory. In September 1912, Anderson offered to give the 19-year-old an entry-level job as an assistant cameraman paying $8.50 per week. His new job would allow him to learn about the movie business from the ground up.[4][7]

To support their son, Emory's parents moved into one of the new Essanay company bungalows.[8]

By September 1913, Essanay's latest " most handsome actor"[8] had signed a movie contract. He was landing bigger parts in Essanay Westerns.[7] He made a total of four Western shorts in 1913.

In 1914, Emory spent the year honing his acting chops by making nineteen films for Essanay. The year would mark his first top billing in a short drama film titled Italian Love. Later, he would earn another top billing in a short comedy, The Warning. His costar was Marguerite Clayton who was Broncho Billy's first leading lady. He would also continue to act in more Broncho Billy westerns. He also earned roles in the Snakeville comedy series and the Sophie series of comedies. 1914 would become the highest movie output of his entire career.

His last film Emory made for Essanay was a Broncho Billy short Western released in June 1914. Emory Johnson would act in 23 short films for Essanay, including nine Broncho Billy Westerns.

Essanay's embrace of short films would take its toll. Moviegoers were beginning to request more feature-length films. Essanay claimed they were not equipped to handle that type of change. Emory Johnson's last film for Essanay was released in June 1914. After a brief respite in 1915, the Niles Essanay studio closed and locked its doors On February 16, 1916.[9]

Transition year: 1915Edit

Emory's last film for Essanay was released in June 1914. There would be a year's lapse before he would release his next film. In 1915, Emory turned 21 years old and invested in his own motion picture company – Liberty Motion Picture Company. Liberty Film Company was initially formed in June 1914 created and based in Germantown, Pennsylvania. The company reorganized in November 1914. The new owners relocated the offices and lots to San Mateo and Glendale, California. The Alaskan Millionaires that purchased the company had plenty of cash and state-of-the-art facilities. Emory jumped from Essanay to Liberty films.

Because of his late start, Emory's film output dropped substantially. Emory made only four motion pictures in 1915. His first was His Masterpiece, a two-reeler released in September 1915, and Another two-reeler would follow – Her Devoted Son (Several alternative listings show Devoted Son). In the waning months of 1915, he acted in his last two films for Liberty. He would share top billing with Marguerite Clayton for making the feature films – The Birthmark and The Black Heart. Both films were Dramas. By December 1915, Emory had left Liberty.

In December 1915, a receiver was appointed. Liberty burned to the ground in 1916.[10][11]

Universal years 1916–1918Edit

In January 1916, Emory signed a contract with Universal Film Manufacturing Company. He would make 17 movies that year, including 6 shorts and 11 feature-length Dramas. This year would become the second-highest movie output of his entire acting career.

At Universal, Emory met Hobart Bosworth. Hobart Bosworth was a well-known actor and director. He took young Emory under his wing.[4] Emory's first two movies for Universal were the WesternsThe Yaqui and Two Men of Sandy Bar. Both films were feature-length and starred Hobart Bosworth. Later in the year, Emory would make two more films with Hobart. They would continue to collaborate in other films in the coming years, including the last film Emory would direct. The film was the 1932 talkie The Phantom Express.

 
Lobby poster


Searching for a leading manEdit

In early 1916, after Emory Johnson had signed his Universal contract, Carl Laemmle of Universal Film Manufacturing Company thought he saw a potential leading man in Johnson. Laemmle was looking for a leading man comparable to Wally Reid. He was also hoping to create a movie couple that could make sparks fly on the silver screen. Laemmle chose Johnson to be his new leading man. Laemmle chose Dorothy Davenport to generate the screen chemistry with Johnson. She was a Universal contract player who happened to be the wife of Wally Reid. Johnson and Davenport made 13 films together. The series started with the feature production of Doctor Neighbor in May 1916 and ended with another feature production, The Devil's Bondwoman, in November 1916. Over half the films were feature-length; all were dramas. Johnson and Davenport shared top billing in most. Davenport got pregnant in October 1916, and her film output took a steep nosedive at the beginning of 1917.[12]

In the end, Laemmle thought Johnson did not have the talent or screen presence he wanted. He wasn't going to become Universal's answer to Wally Reid. Laemmle also believed that even though the pairing with Davenport had been financially successful, the films didn't have the screen chemistry he had sought.[13][12]

Searching for screen chemistry
Title
Released
Director
Davenport role
Johnson role
Type
Time
Brand
Notes
Doctor Neighbor May-1 L. B. Carleton Hazel Rogers Hamilton Powers Drama Feature Lost Red Feather [14]
Her Husband's Faith May-11 L. B. Carleton Mabel Otto Unknown Drama Short Lost Laemmle [15]
Heartaches May-18 L. B. Carleton Virginia Payne S Jackson Hunt Drama Short Lost Laemmle [16]
Two Mothers Jun-1 L. B. Carleton Violetta Andree 2nd Husband Drama Short Lost Laemmle [17]
Her Soul's Song Jun-15 L. B. Carleton Mary Salsbury Paul Chandos Drama Short Lost Laemmle [18]
The Way of the World Jul-3 L. B. Carleton Beatrice Farley Walter Croyden Drama Feature Lost Red Feather [19]
No. 16 Martin Street Jul-13 L. B. Carleton Cleo Jacques Fournier Drama Short Lost Laemmle [20]
A Yoke of Gold Aug-14 L. B. Carleton Carmen Jose Garcia Drama Feature Lost Red Feather [21]
The Unattainable Sep-4 L. B. Carleton Bessie Gale Robert Goodman Drama Feature 1 of 5 reels Bluebird [22]
Black Friday Sep-18 L. B. Carleton Elionor Rossitor Charles Dalton Drama Feature Lost Red Feather [23]
The Human Gamble Oct-8 L. B. Carleton Flavia Hill Charles Hill Drama Short Lost Laemmle [24]
Barriers of Society Oct-10 L. B. Carleton Martha Gorham Westie Phillips Drama Feature 1 of 5 reels Red Feather [25]
The Devil's Bondwoman Nov-11 L. B. Carleton Beverly Hope Mason Van Horton Drama Feature Lost Red Feather [26]


 
The last movie of Emory and Ella

In March 1917, Emory Johnson turned 23 years old. He completes his WWI draft registration but claims exception due to a "Nervous heart" and "Chronic stomach trouble."[27] His 1917 film output drops to 4 pictures. He makes "The Gift Girl" released in March 1917. He puts three more in the can before June 1917. At the end of 1917, Emory and Ella Hall were cast together playing husband and wife in – "My Little Boy" The film was released in December 1917. They would make three more films together in 1918, including their last Universal film – "A Mothers Secret," which was released in April 1918.

In June 1918, Universal failed to renew the contracts of Ella Hall and Emory Johnson. The news was a minor announcement buried deep in the Hollywood rags.[28] In reality, Laemmle thought Emory did not have the talent or screen presence he wanted. He wasn't going to become Universal's answer to Wally Reid. After all, Wally Reid was well on his way to becoming "The screen's most perfect lover."[29]Ella Hall was pregnant with their first child at the time of their release. The last movie the couple filmed together also became Emory's last movie for Universal – A Mother's Secret. Ella's last movie for Universal was Three Mounted Men released in October 1918. Emory made 27 films for Universal, mostly dramas with a sprinkling of comedies and westerns.

Independent years: 1919–1921Edit

 
Magazine ad
 
Lobby poster

As explained previously, Emory's Universal contract ended in May 1918. Thus, in the middle of 1918, 24-year-old Emory Johnson became a free agent. He could now pick and choose his projects. Emory's first movie was released in August 1918. The movie was – Green Eyes with Dorothy Dalton. Next would follow the very successful Johanna Enlists with Mary Pickford. Then A Lady's Name with Constance Talmadge followed by The Ghost Flower with Alma Rubens.

In 1919, Emory acted in seven movies, including The Woman Next Door with Ethel Clayton. Emory ended 1919 with a role in the successful Alias Mike Moran featuring Wallace Reid and Ann Little.

In 1920, Emory acted in five films, including Polly of the Storm Country sharing top billing with Mildred Harris. Emory's film output for 1921 would be two films. In January 1921, he acted in Prisoners of Love starring Betty Compson. Finally, the successful The Sea Lion was released in December 1921. Emory shared top billing with Hobart Bosworth and Bessie Love.[30][31] It is noteworthy, the writing credit for the movie was his mother, Emilie Johnson. The movie credit would become Emilie's second writing credit after Blind Hearts.

During four years between June 1918 and June 1922, Emory bounced between 14 different production companies including such companies as Pickford Films, Chaplin-Mayer Picture Company, Famous Players-Lasky and Betty Compson Productions. Emory also acted with and often share top billing with the following leading ladies: Marguerite Clayton, Dorothy Davenport, Louise Lovely, Mary Pickford, Constance Talmadge, Ethel Clayton, Margarita Fischer, Mildred Harris, Ella Hall, Eileen Percy, Bebe Daniels, Bessie Love and Betty Compson.

Directorial years: 1922–1932Edit


 
Newspaper ad
 
Newspaper ad

1922Edit

Emory made the equivalent of indie films in the 1920s. 1922 proved to be a watershed year creatively and financially. First, the independent actor started the year with a March release of Don't Doubt Your Wife sharing top billing with Leah Baird. In July, Always the Woman starring Betty Compson was released. Now the year would head in a different direction.

A 28-year-old actor with no directing experience convinced a studio to let him direct and produce a melodrama written by his mother about a San Francisco beat cop. Emilie and her son had originally contracted with Robertson-Cole to write, produce and direct The Midnight Call. Then R-C was acquired by FBO. On July 1, 1922, the Robertson-Cole (R-C) Distribution company became known as FBO. All R-C contracts were honored especially with independent producers like Emory Johnson.[32]

The first Johnson collaboration under the renamed FBO contract was The Midnight Call. The film's title transformed into In the Name of the Law. The film was released in August 1922. Credit Emilie Johnson for both the story and screenplay for this melodrama. The story is about a San Francisco policeman trying to keep his family together while facing continuing adversity.[33][34]

When the movie finished, it laid the first building block towards attaining the title of "Hero of the Working Class." Admittedly, this wasn't the only reason FBO released the movie. They saw tremendous potential for exploitation. Making a movie about the working class opened itself for exploitation. Thus, Emory also cemented his reputation towards becoming the "King of Exploitation."[35]

The hit led to the next Emory Johnson file – The Third Alarm. In December, FBO released The Third Alarm formerly titled The Discard. This film is the second under the FBO contract. Emory directed this Emilie Johnson story.[36][37] The film would become the most financially successful movie produced in Emory Johnson's career. The movie earned Emory $275,000 (equivalent to $4,200,447 in 2019).[4]

 
Film Credits
 
Newspaper Ad

1923Edit

The third film in the FBO contract was The West~Bound Limited. Emilie Johnson wrote both the story and screenplay for this Emory Johnson film. The Film earned $225,697 (equivalent to $3,447,376 in 2019).[4][38][39]

The fourth film in the FBO contract was The Mailman. Once again, Emilie Johnson wrote both the story and the screenplay. Emory earned This movie earned Emory $179,476 (equivalent to $2,741,380 in 2019).[4][40] The mailman epitomizes an over-the-top melodrama and displays Emilie's flair for this genre.[41][42]

In September, Emilie and Emory Johnson sign a new contract with FBO. The contract was for 2 ½ years. Emory Johnson agreed to make eight attractions for FBO, including the previous four he had completed. FBO agreed to invest upwards of 2 ½ million dollars (In today's 2019 money – $37 million) on future productions.[43] Another part of the signed contract stipulated – "The contract also provides that Emory Johnson's mother, Mrs. Emilie Johnson, shall prepare all of the stories and write all the scripts for the Johnson attractions in addition to assisting her son in filming the productions."[43]

 
Newspaper ad
 
Newspaper ad

1924Edit

The year started with the release in May of Emory Johnson's fifth film for FBO – Life's Greatest Game. Emilie Johnson had created a story about America's favorite pastime – baseball.[44][45]

Emory finished the year with the sixth film under the FBO contract – The Spirit of the USA. The film was released in December. Emilie wrote both the story and the screenplay.[46][47][48]

 
Lobby card
 
Magazine ad

1925Edit

The seventh film for the FBO contract was The Last Edition, released in October. This movie was Johnson's "last hurrah" for the working man series of movies.[49][50]

1926Edit

In March, Johnson released his last picture for FBOThe Non-Stop Flight.[51][52]

Emory and Emilie were then working on a movie titled Happiness. Work had supposedly started in December 1925. Emory, Emilie, and the cast and crew had sailed for Sweden to film the movie. The fate of the movie remains unknown.[53]

In April, FBO decided to let Emory and Emilie Johnson's contracts expire; there is not a published reason for this.[54]

In June, Emory Johnson signed a new eight-picture deal with Universal.[55]

The year also had a major tragedy. Emory and Ella's son was run over by a truck in Los Angeles. Alfred Bernard Johnson was only five years old when he died in March 1926. The couple was not living together at the time of his death. His death devastated both parents.[56]

 
Lobby card
 
Lobby card

1927Edit

Johnson, now filming under his new Universal contact, released The Fourth Commandment.[57]

In September, he released The Lone Eagle.[58][59] This movie title is confusing, maybe even misleading. A film title cannot be protected by copyright.[60] In May 1927, Charles A. Lindberg completed his solo flight across the Atlantic. He acquired the nickname "The Lone Eagle". The Johnson movie The Lone Eagle had been originally titled War Eagles. The copyright office got involved and forced Universal to change the name.

 
Lobby card

1928Edit

In February, Johnson released The Shield of Honor.[61][62]

After completing three successful movies for Universal, Johnson reneged on the remainder of his eight-picture contract. He negotiates a new contract with Poverty Row studio, Tiffany-Stahl Productions.[63][64] Tiffany-Stahl Productions was more than happy to sign Johnson. They knew his films always made a profit and that the Johnson brand on the marquee drew paying customers.

1929Edit

Movie-wise, the year was not productive for Johnson. He spent major portions of 1929 trying to reunite with Ella Hall to repair their marriage. Because they had lost their son, Alfred Bernard, in 1926, Emory and Ella decided to have one last child. Emory's daughter, Diana Marie (Dinie), was born in October 1929.[65]

 
Newspaper Ad

1930Edit

In November 1930, Emory Johnson released his first Tiffany-Stahl Productions contract production, The Third Alarm. Although its name was the same as the 1922 version, the similarity ended there. As the quote below shows, T–S was trying to capitalize on the popular 1922 film's name recognition. This film would become Johnson's first talkie.


A significant news item appeared in a 1930 issue of Variety magazine.

Emory Johnson, engaged by Tiffany to direct "The Third Alarm" on the strength of his silent film of the same title for FBO; has been off the picture since the first day's shooting. Martin Cohn, the editorial supervisor at Tiff, is finishing it, although direction credit will go to Johnson, beside a piece of the picture. Johnson objected to the supervision.

— Page 4 of the September 4, 1930 issue of, Variety Magazine[66]


Emory reneges on the remainder of his Tiffany contract and signs a new contract with Poverty Row studio – Majestic Pictures. Note – Tiffany-Stahl Productions filed for bankruptcy in 1932.


1932Edit

With his new contract in hand, Emory releases his first movie for Majestic PicturesThe Phantom Express. It would become the last movie he would ever direct. It was the final curtain call for Emory's independent directing years along with his mother's collaborative writing.[67][68] Emory was contracted to make one last picture for Majestic Pictures – Air Patrol, but the project never came to fruition.[69]

End of an eraEdit

The movies Emory Johnson's completed or planned to start for poverty row studios had one common thread. The would-be remakes of previous successful silent films. For example, the 1930 version of The Third Alarm was supposed to be an updated version of the highly successful 1922 The Third Alarm. The new version would also be a Talkie. Using the same criteria, the 1932 film – The Phantom Express. This Talkie would be a remake of the moderately successful The West~Bound Limited. Even the canceled film – Air Patrol was supposed to be an updated sound version of The Shield of Honor.[70]

Post HollywoodEdit

His life of luxury and high Society of Hollywood had caught up with him. On March 7, 1932, Emory Johnson filed for bankruptcy listing liabilities $4,500 and assets as $480.[71] It is possible a contributing reason for this bankruptcy was to lower support payments for Ella and kids.

Emory's mother Emilie died on September 23, 1941, in Los Angeles, California. She was 75. In 1944, Emory moved from Los Angeles to San Mateo, California. He established a photo portrait studio in the area – Portraits by Emory. The studio would close in 1950.

Marriage, children and divorceEdit

On June 13, 1917, the President of Universal Film Manufacturing Company – Carl Laemmle, held a ball. He had spent considerable time managing the affairs at Universal City in California. Now, he was about to travel back to his headquarters in New York. "The occasion promised to be one of the most noteworthy in the history of film functions." 3,000 guests showed up, including Emory Johnson.[72][73] Emory attended the ball escorting another fellow universalite – Ella Hall.

Ella Hall had just turned 20 years old. The petite, blue-eyed blond beauty first found work as Universal Ingénue. She had grown up in the movies. By 1915, Ella Hall had become one of the hottest box-office attractions at Universal. Emory had acted in his last picture of 1916 – My Little Boy. The movie was the first film with his future bride. Apparently, during the making of this motion picture, they fell in love. But, they had saved their big announcement for the Laemmle ball. At an appropriate moment during the ball, glasses were clinked, and Emory and Ella professed their love and announced their engagement.[74]

Fast-forward to Thursday, September 6, 1917. Ella Hall and Emory Johnson were busy finishing their day's work for Universal. They worked until 2 pm. After they cleaned-up, Emory Johnson and Ella Augusta Hall were married in a private ceremony at 3 o'clock. After the ceremony finished, they hopped in Emory's Hupmobile and drove-off on their honeymoon. They were scheduled to return to work on October 1.[75][76] After the honeymoon was over, the couple moved into Emory's motherhouse. Thus, we had a girl from New Jersey married to a laid-back Californian while living with a strict Scandinavian mother, all under one roof.

Their first son (Richard) Walter Emory was born on January 27, 1919, in Santa Barbara, California. Their second son Bernard Alfred was also born on September 26, 1920, in Santa Barbara, California. Their daughter Ellen Joanna was born on April 18, 1923, in Los Angeles, California.

By 1924, their marriage was on the rocks. The conflict resulted in their first separation. Ella cited the main problem at the time was the conflict between her and Emory's overbearing mother. Ella filed for divorce.

In March 1926, tragedy strikes – while Ella and the kids were walking down a street in Hollywood, little Bernard was run over and killed by a truck.[56] He was 5 years old. Bernard's death would provide a catalyst for the couple's first reconciliation.

A second separation occurred in 1929. Later that year, the couple decided to have another child. Diana Marie (Dinie) was born on October 27, 1929, in Los Angeles, California. She would be their last child together.

"Two in a family can't be picture folk and stay married, and sometimes one can't either. So I'm in neither picture nor marriage"

Ella Hall
September 1931[77]

Since 1924 the couple had publicly battled over alimony payments, child support, visitation, and living conditions. Their on-again, an off-again relationship, would come to an official end in 1930. Alfred Emory Johnson 36 and Ella Augusta Hall's divorce was finalized in Los Angeles, California, after ten years of marriage. Ella claimed she could not reconcile her feelings that Emory was an only child and a "mother's boy." Ella also claimed – "too much mother-in-law!"

At one time, they were considered one of Hollywood's ideal marriages. After the divorce, they would continue to battle over money. Neither would ever remarry.

DeathEdit

On Wednesday, March 16, 1960, Emory Johnson turned 66 years old. Now partially disabled, Emory supported himself with Social Security and small pension checks. He rented a first-floor studio in a rooming house on North Ellsworth Street in San Mateo, California.[78]

Shortly after 8 pm on Wednesday, March 30, 1960, a neighbor living directly above Emory's first-floor studio smelled smoke. He rushed downstairs, entered the smoke-filled apartment, found a badly-burned Emory, and dragged him to the walkway outside. Firemen responding to the alarm spotted him lying on the ground and called an ambulance. They rushed him to San Mateo Community Hospital in critical condition. Emory Johnson suffered 2nd and 3rd degree burns over a third of his body. The fire inspector later noticed cigarettes and matches scattered throughout the apartment. It was determined, the fire had probably started in some bed clothing and had been burning for a half-hour before the neighbor entered his apartment.[78]

Emory lingered in the hospital until Monday, April 18 when he died of burns suffered in the fire.[79] Even though he was 30 years removed from his Hollywood glory years, his death was still front-page news in the San Mateo Times.[80] It's ironic his death by fire had the common thread of his greatest movie – The Third Alarm.

Emory Johnson chose interment in Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Daisy Columbarium, located in Glendale, California. In 1981, his ex-wife Ella Hall died and was laid to rest in Forest Lawn's Columbarium of Sunlight. His only surviving son died in 1994. When his two daughters died, they chose interment next to their mother. The bronze marker on Emory Johnson's Forest Lawn mausoleum niche reads "JOHNSON".[81]

Complete filmographyEdit

Films (78)
Year Title Role Act / Dir Production Distribution Released Genre Notes
1913 Hard Luck Bill Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 4 September 1913 Western short
The Naming of
the Rawhide Queen
Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 27 November 1913 Western short
Broncho Billy's
Squareness
Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 6 December 1913 Western short
Broncho Billy's
Christmas Deed
Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 20 December 1913 Western short
1914 What Came to Bar Q Clarence Clemens Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 29 January 1914 Western short
Broncho Billy and
Settler's Daughter
A Soldier Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 31 January 1914 Western short
A Gambler's Way Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 5 February 1914 Western short
Sophie Picks a
Dead One
Guitar Player Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 13 February 1914 Comedy short
The Calling of
Jim Barton
J Barton's Bro Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 14 February 1914 Western short
Italian Love Sylvana Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 19 February 1914 Drama short
Snakeville's Fire
Brigade
Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 21 February 1914 Comedy short
Sophie's Birthday Party Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 7 March 1914 Comedy short
The Warning Larry Dale Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 12 March 1914 Comedy short
Single Handed Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 19 March 1914 Western short
A Hot Time
in Snakeville
Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 21 March 1914 Comedy short
The Atonement Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 26 March 1914 Drama short
Broncho Billy's
True Love
The Escort Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 28 March 1914 Western short
Broncho Billy--Gun Man Emery Rawlins Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 25 April 1914 Western short
A Snakeville Epidemic Zeke Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 7 May 1914 Comedy short
Sophie Starts
Something
Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 28 May 1914 Comedy short
The Good-for-Nothing uncredited Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 8 June 1914 Comedy short
Sophie Finds a Hero Unknown Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 25 June 1914 Comedy short
Broncho Billy's
Jealousy
Roy Turner Actor Essanay Studios General Film Co. 27 June 1914 Western short
1915 His Masterpiece Higgins Actor Liberty Motion Pic Associated Film 13 September 1915 Drama short
Her Devoted Son Paul Thomas Actor Liberty Motion Pic Associated Film 20 September 1915 Drama short
The Birthmark Unknown Actor Liberty Motion Pic Associated Film 1 October 1915 Drama
The Black Heart Unknown Actor Liberty Motion Pic Associated Film 1 October 1915 Drama
1916 The Yaqui Flores Actor Universal Studios Universal studios 16 March 1916 Western
Two Men of Sandy Bar Sandy Morton Actor Universal Studios Universal Studios 3 April 1916 Western
Doctor Neighbor Hamilton Powers Actor Universal Studios Universal Studios 1 May 1916 Drama
Her Husband's Faith Richard Otto Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 11 May 1916 Drama short
Heartaches S Jackson Hunt Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 18 May 1916 Drama short
Two Mothers Viol 2nd Husb Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 1 June 1916 Drama short
Her Soul's Song Paul Chandos Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 15 June 1916 Drama short
The Way of the World Walter Croyden Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 3 July 1916 Drama
No. 16 Martin Street Jacques Fournier Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 13 July 1916 Drama short
A Yoke of Gold Jose Garcia Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 14 August 1916 Drama
The Unattainable Robert Goodman Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 4 September 1916 Drama
Black Friday Charles Dalton Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 18 September 1916 Drama
The Human Gamble Charles Hill Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 8 October 1916 Drama short
Barriers of Society Westie Phillips Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 16 October 1916 Drama
The Devil's
Bondwoman
Mason Van Horton Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 20 November 1916 Drama
The Morals of Hilda Stephen Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 11 December 1916 Drama
The Right to Be Happy Scrooge's Nephew Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 25 December 1916 Drama
1917 The Gift Girl Marcel Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 26 March 1917 Drama
The Circus of Life Tommie Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 4 June 1917 Drama
A Kentucky Cinderella Tom Boling Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 25 June 1917 Drama
The Gray Ghost Wade Hildreth Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 30 June 1917 Drama
My Little Boy Fred Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 17 December 1917 Drama
1918 New Love for Old Kenneth Scott Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 11 February 1918 Drama
Beauty in Chains Pepe Rey Jose Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 11 March 1918 Drama
A Mother's Secret Howard Grey Actor Universal Studios Universal Pictures 29 April 1918 Drama
Green Eyes Morgan Hunter Actor Thomas Ince Lasky 11 August 1918 Drama
Johanna Enlists Lt. Frank Le Roy Actor Pickford Films Artcraft Pictures 16 September 1918 Drama
A Lady's Name Gerald Wantage Actor Select Pictures Select Pictures 10 December 1918 Drama
The Ghost Flower Duke Chaumont Actor Triangle Film Triangle Film 18 August 1918 Drama
1919 Put Up Your Hands Emory Hewitt Actor American Film Pathé Exchange 16 March 1919 Western
Charge It to Me Elmer Davis Actor American Film Pathé Exchange 14 May 1919 Comedy
The Woman Next Door Chester Calhoun Actor Lasky Lasky 18 May 1919 Drama
Trixie from Broadway John Collins Actor American Film Pathé Exchange 15 June 1919 Drama
The Tiger Lily David Remington Actor American Film Pathé Exchange 27 July 1919 Drama
The Hellion George Graham Actor American Film Pathé Exchange 1 October 1919 Drama
Alias Mike Moran Mike Moran Actor Lasky Paramount Pictures 2 March 1919 Drama
1920 The Walk-Offs Robert Winston Actor Screen Classics Metro Pictures 1 February 1920 Comedy
Polly of the
Storm Country
Robert Robertson Actor Chaplin-Mayer Pic 1st National Pics 1 April 1920 Drama
Children of Destiny Edwin Ford Actor Weber Productions Republic Distrib 1 May 1920 Drama [82][83]
The Husband Hunter Kent Whitney Actor Fox Film Corp Fox Film 19 September 1920 Comedy [84][85]
She Couldn't Help It William Lattimer Actor Realart Pictures Realart Pictures 14 December 1920 Comedy [86][87]
1921 Prisoners of Love James Randolph Actor Compson Prod Goldwyn Pictures 16 January 1921 Drama [88][89]
The Sea Lion Tom Walton Actor Bosworth Prod Assoc Producers 5 December 1921 Drama [90][91]
1922 Don't Doubt Your Wife Herbert Olden Actor Leah Baird Prod Assoc Exhibitors 12 March 1922 Drama
Always the Woman Herbert Boone Actor Compson Prod Goldwyn Pictures 9 July 1922 Drama [92][93]
In the Name of the Law Harry O'Hara Director Johnson Prod FBO 16 August 1922 Drama [94]
The Third Alarm Director Johnson Prod FBO 1 December 1922 Drama [95][96]
1923 The West~Bound Limited Director Johnson Prod FBO 15 April 1923 Drama [97][98]
The Mailman Director Johnson Prod FBO 9 December 1923 Drama [99]
1924 The Spirit of the USA Director Johnson Prod FBO 18 May 1924 Drama [100][101][102]
Life's Greatest Game Director Johnson Prod FBO 28 September 1924 Drama [103]
1925 The Last Edition uncredited Director Johnson Prod FBO 8 November 1925 Drama [104][105]
1926 The Non-Stop Flight Director Johnson Prod FBO 28 March 1926 Drama [106][107][108]
1927 The Fourth
Commandment
Director Johnson Prod Universal Pictures 20 March 1927 Drama [109][110][111]
The Lone Eagle Director Johnson Prod Universal Pictures 18 September 1927 Drama [112]
1928 The Shield of Honor Director Johnson Prod Universal Pictures 19 February 1928 Drama [113][114][115]
1930 The Third Alarm Director Johnson Prod Tiffany-Stahl 17 November 1930 Drama [116][117]
1932 The Phantom Express Director Johnson Prod Reliance-Majestic 15 August 1932 Drama [118][119]
1941 I Wanted Wings uncredited Actor Paramount Pictures Paramount Pictures 26 March 1941 Drama [120][121]
1948 Romance on the High Seas uncredited Actor Warner Bros Warner Bros 25 June 1948 Comedy [122]

Links to surviving filmsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "THIS WRITER HAS PRODUCED 19 SCENARIOS Tells How She Began Weaving Plots for the Silver Screen". Riverside Independent Enterprise. May 14, 1922. p. 5 – via genealogybank.com.
  2. ^ "United States Census, 1900". Ancestry.com. June 6, 1900. Provided in association with National Archives and Records Administration
  3. ^ "United States Census, 1910". Ancestry.com. April 16, 1910. Provided in association with National Archives and Records Administration
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Famed Movie Producer Lives Quietly in S.M. He Loves". The Times (San Mateo, California). July 25, 1959. p. 21 – via genealogybank.com.
  5. ^ Swanson, Stevenson (1996). Chicago Days. Contemporary Books. pp. 88–89. ISBN 978-1-890093-04-4.
  6. ^ Heise, Kenan (1986). Hands on Chicago. Bonus Books. pp. 60. ISBN 978-0-933893-28-3.
  7. ^ a b "Emory Johnson Picture a Broadway success". Motion Picture News. New York, Motion Picture News, Inc. August 12, 1922. p. 733.
  8. ^ a b "ESSANAY CLOSE-UPS". The New York Clipper. January 1914. p. 65.
  9. ^ "A SHORT HISTORY OF ESSANAY FILM COMPANY IN NILES". Nilesfilmmuseum.org. Archived from the original on March 18, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  10. ^ "Liberty Plant, In Philadelphia, Wiped Out by Fire". Motion Picture News. Publisher Exhibitors' Times, inc. April 22, 1916. p. 2328.
  11. ^ "Film Fire cost $150,000". Motography. Electricity Magazine Corp. April 22, 1916. p. 918.
  12. ^ a b E.J. Fleming (July 27, 2010). Wallace Reid: The Life and Death of a Hollywood Idol. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-8266-5.
  13. ^ "Plays and Players". Exhibitors Herald. Chicago, Exhibitors Herald. June 1, 1918. p. 1050.
  14. ^ Doctor Neighbor at IMDb
  15. ^ Her Husband's Faith at IMDb
  16. ^ Heartaches at IMDb
  17. ^ Two Mothers at IMDb
  18. ^ Her Soul's Song at IMDb
  19. ^ The Way of the World at IMDb
  20. ^ Number 16 Martin Place at IMDb
  21. ^ A Yoke of Gold at IMDb
  22. ^ The Unattainable at IMDb
  23. ^ Black Friday at IMDb
  24. ^ The Human Gamble at IMDb
  25. ^ Barriers of Society at IMDb
  26. ^ The Devil's Bondwoman at IMDb
  27. ^ "U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918". Ancestry.com. June 2, 1917. Provided in association with National Archives and Records Administration
  28. ^ "Universal Players' Contracts Expire". Motion Picture World. New York, Chalmers Publishing Company. June 1, 1918. p. 675.
  29. ^ "Girls I Have Made Lover To". Motion Picture Magazine. The Motion Picture Publishing Co. September 1919. p. 33.
  30. ^ The Sea Lion @ IMDb.com
  31. ^ The Sea Lion @ allmovie.com
  32. ^ "R – C Plans Distribution Under New Name July 1". Motion Picture News. New York, Motion Picture News, Inc. June 24, 1922. p. 3316.
  33. ^ In the Name of the Law @ IMDb.com
  34. ^ In the Name of the Law the AFI Catalog of Feature Films
  35. ^ Exploiting in the Name of the Law
  36. ^ The Third Alarm @ IMDb.com
  37. ^ The Third Alarm The AFI Catalog of Feature Films
  38. ^ The West~Bound Limited @ allmovie.com
  39. ^ The West~Bound Limited @ TCM.com
  40. ^ "Originator of 'The Mailman' reveals Story". San Francisco Chronicle. December 15, 1923. p. 8 – via genealogybank.com.
  41. ^ TheMailman The AFI Catalog of Feature Films
  42. ^ The Mailman @ IMDb.com
  43. ^ a b "F.B.O. Signs Emory Johnson for Eight Productions". Motion Picture News. New York, Motion Picture News, Inc. September–October 1923. p. 1185.
  44. ^ Greatest Game Emory Johnson at the American Film Institute Catalog
  45. ^ Life's Greatest Game at AllMovie
  46. ^ "Idealism of Woodrow Wilson Inspired Theme of New Film". The Moving Picture World. The World Photographic Publishing Company. March 1, 1924. p. 31.
  47. ^ The Spirit of the USA @ TCM.com
  48. ^ The Spirit of the USA @ allmovie.com
  49. ^ The Last Edition @ TCM.com
  50. ^ The Last Edition @ allmovie.com
  51. ^ The Non-Stop Flight @ TCM.com
  52. ^ The Non-Stop Flight @ allmovie.com
  53. ^ "F.B.O. Features Are Under Way". Motion Picture News (Nov–Dec 1925). Motion Picture News, Inc. December 19, 1925. p. 3013.
  54. ^ "Emory Johnson leaves F.B.O." The Film Daily. April 18, 1926. p. 2.
  55. ^ "Hollywood Studio Gossip". San Francisco Chronicle. June 4, 1926. p. 11. Retrieved March 11, 2019 – via Genealogybank.
  56. ^ a b "Truckman is Held in Death of Child". Los Angeles Times. March 28, 1926. p. 122 – via Newspapers.com.
  57. ^ "Entire Issue dedicated to the Fourth Commandment". Universal Weekly. Universal Pictures. October 30, 1926. pp. 46–89.
  58. ^ The Lone Eagle @ allmovie.com
  59. ^ The Lone Eagle @ TCM.com
  60. ^ "Multiple works" (PDF). Library of Congress. March 2019.
  61. ^ The Shield of Honor @ allmovie.com
  62. ^ The Shield of Honor @ TCM.com
  63. ^ "Johnson and McCarthy Reported with T.-S". The Film Daily. New York, Wid's Films and Film Folks, Inc. January 16, 1928. p. 125.
  64. ^ "Johnsons Join T–S as Writing, Directing Team". The Film Daily. New York, Wid's Films and Film Folks, Inc. February 14, 1928. p. 324.
  65. ^ "California Birth Index, 1905–1995". Ancestry.com. 2005. Provided by State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.
  66. ^ "Objected to Supervision". Variety. September 4, 1930. p. 4.
  67. ^ The Phantom Express @ IMDb.com
  68. ^ The Phantom Express @ TCM.com
  69. ^ "Majestic has 26 lined up for the new season". Motion Picture Herald. Quigley Publishing Co. July 23, 1932. p. 50.
  70. ^ "Emory Johnson Plans Reissuing Films With Sound". Internet Archive. Motion Picture News (Jan-Mar 1929). January 5, 1929. p. 35. Retrieved December 20, 2020. Johnson figures synchronized sound effect can be easily added
  71. ^ "Emory Johnson Broke". Variety. March 8, 1932. March 8, 1932. p. 10.
  72. ^ "Carl Laemmle entertains Universal City". The Moving Picture Weekly. Moving Picture Weekly Pub. Co. June 23, 1917. p. 733.
  73. ^ "Light Fantastic Note". Los Angeles Times. June 12, 1917. p. 15 – via newspapers.com.
  74. ^ "Plays and Players". Photoplay. Chicago, Photoplay Magazine Publishing Company. September 1917. p. 111.
  75. ^ "Ella Hall Takes the Step". Motion Picture News. Motion Picture News, inc. September–October 1917. p. 2203.
  76. ^ "Cupid Note". Los Angeles Times. September 7, 1917. p. 15 – via newspapers.com.
  77. ^ "Divorce Was The Cure". Movie Classic. Motion Picture Publications, Inc. September 1931.
  78. ^ a b "Semi-Invalid Rescued by His Neighbor". San Mateo Times. March 31, 1960. p. 1 – via newspapers.com.
  79. ^ "Pioneer Film Director Dies". The Times (San Mateo). April 19, 1960. p. 19 – via newspapers.com.
  80. ^ "Movie Vet is Hurt in Fire". The Times (San Mateo). March 30, 1960. p. 1 – via newspapers.com.
  81. ^ Emory Johnson, American actor in the silent era at Find a Grave
  82. ^ "Children of Destiny". catalog.afi.com.
  83. ^ "Children of Destiny". tcm.com.
  84. ^ "The Husband Hunter". loc.gov/film-and-videos/. 1920.
  85. ^ "The Husband Hunter". tcm.com.
  86. ^ The AFI Catalog of Feature Films: She Couldn't Help It
  87. ^ Progressive Silent Film List: She Couldn't Help It at silentera.com
  88. ^ The AFI Catalog of Feature Films: Prisoners of Love
  89. ^ "Prisoners of Love". IMDb.
  90. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Sea Lion". 1921.
  91. ^ "The Sea Lion available for download at Internet Archive". January 1921.
  92. ^ Progressive Silent Film List: Always the Woman at silentera.com
  93. ^ The AFI Catalog of Feature Films: Always the Woman
  94. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: In the Name of the Law". 1922.
  95. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Third Alarm". 1922.
  96. ^ "The third Alarm is available on You Tube".
  97. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Westbound Limited". 1923.
  98. ^ "The Westbound Limited is available on You Tube".
  99. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Mailman". 1923.
  100. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Spirit of the U.S.A". 1924.
  101. ^ "The Spirit of the U.S.A. is available for download at Internet Archive". 1924.
  102. ^ "The Spirit of the USA available on You Tube (15-minute excerpt)".
  103. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: Life's Greatest Game". 1924.
  104. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Last Edition". 1925.
  105. ^ "Informative website dedicated to The Last Edition restoration".
  106. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Non-Stop Flight". 1926.
  107. ^ "Complete movie available on DVD from video distributor".
  108. ^ "Excerpt of the Non-Stop Flight available on You Tube".
  109. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Fourth Commandment". 1927.
  110. ^ The Fourth Commandment (1927) at the AFI Catalog of Feature Films
  111. ^ The Fourth Commandment @ allmovie.com
  112. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Long Eagle". 1927.
  113. ^ "The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: The Shield Of Honor". 1927.
  114. ^ "Copies of film exist at Eastman Collection".
  115. ^ "Copies of film exist at UCLA Archive".
  116. ^ The Third Alarm details @ IMDb.com
  117. ^ The Third Alarm synopsis at AllMovie
  118. ^ The Phantom Express at IMDb
  119. ^ Emory Johnson is available for free download at the Internet Archive
  120. ^ Emory Johnson at the TCM Movie Database
  121. ^ I Wanted Wings at IMDb
  122. ^ "Romance on the High Seas". Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner).

External linksEdit