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Emily C. Gorman

Colonel Emily C. Gorman (April 9, 1909 – July 4, 2005) was the director of the United States Women's Army Corps from 1962 to 1966. She was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for her service during the Cold War.

Emily Carla Gorman
Viola B. Sanders, Elizabeth Ray, Elizabeth C. Gorman, Mary E. Kelly, and Margaret M. Henderson, January 1963.png
From left to right: Viola B. Sanders, Elizabeth Ray, Emily C. Gorman, Mary E. Kelly, and Margaret M. Henderson after Kelly became the newly named deputy director of the Women's Army Corps on 3 January 1963.
BornApril 9, 1909
New York
DiedJuly 4, 2005(2005-07-04) (aged 96)
St. Petersburg, Florida
BuriedPulaski, New York
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchArmy
RankColonel
UnitDirector, Women's Army Corps
AwardsArmy Distinguished Service Medal

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Emily C. Gorman was born in New York on April 9, 1909. She was valedictorian of her graduating high school class in Pulaski, New York,[1] and she graduated from Cornell University in 1931.[1] At Cornell, she was a member of the Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority.[1] Gorman also completed graduate work in education and English literature at both Syracuse University and the University of Rochester. She worked as a teacher in New York until she enlisted in the Women's Army Corps in 1942.[1]

Gorman graduated from the Women's Army Corps Officer Candidate School in October 1942. After graduating, she was appointed as chief of the School's administration school. In 1944, Gorman was appointed as the staff director for the Women's Army Corps surgeon general in Washington, D.C..[2]

Military careerEdit

World War II and early careerEdit

In August 1945, Gorman was assigned to Berlin, where she worked as executive security officer of the Allied Control Council. In February 1947, she was demobilized and returned to the states. Soon afterward, she was categorized as active duty and aided in the organization and planning of a new Women's Army Corps center. In 1948, Gorman became a training officer at Camp Lee.[2]

Two years later, she was promoted to lieutenant colonel.[2] She served as commander of the basic training battalion until 1951, when she re-joined the Women's Army Corps as staff adviser at Fort Meade. In 1954, Gorman also represented the Women's Army Corps on the Defense Advisory Committee for Women in Washington.[3] Gorman worked as deputy director at Fort Meade until January 1957, when she became deputy chief of the Plans and Training Division at Fort Monroe.[2]

Women's Army Corps and Vietnam warEdit

 
Under Secretary of the Army Stephen Ailes cuts the ribbon to open the WAC Exhibit Unit on The Pentagon concourse with Gorman and enlisted members of the newly formed WAC Exhibit Team.

In May 1962, President Kennedy invited Gorman to the White House to publicly congratulate her on the development of the Women's Army Corps.[4]

In 1963, Gorman became director of the Women's Army Corps and chose Lt. Col. Mary E. Kelly as her deputy director.[2] Gorman enrolled the Women's Army Corps in an exhibiting program to increase public awareness of the Corps' functions. The exhibit was unveiled at the Pentagon on May 14, 1963. Gorman had assigned Lt. Col. Mildred I. C. Bailey as the head of the exhibit's planning team. The exhibit, which featured a profile image of Athena, the Greek goddess of war, toured the country for six and a half years.[5]

In 1963, Gorman approved and enforced a new policy to increase the role of enlisted women in the American military.[5] The plan included special dispensations for female soldiers based on the demands of currently enlisted women.[6] These changes included increased security in living environments, and designated living spaces accessible only by female personnel. Female personnel had also requested locks on the doors to their private dormitories, and Gorman's plan provided these.[7] Through the policy, female soldiers were also permitted to decorate and personalize some areas of their living space.[8] Between 1962 and 1966, reports showed that Gorman's policy had increased enlistment around 12% new enlistees.[9]

Gorman continued to push for improvements in housing for female personnel throughout the 1960s. In 1963, she adjusted some of her policy's plans for all-female housing, stating that female soldiers in some cases could live in gender-specific wings of male dorms, although they were ideally to be provided female-only entrances.[10]

In 1964, Gorman selected American female soldiers to assist in the structuring of a Women's Armed Forces Corps in Vietnam.[11] These women were assigned to support female Vietnamese soldiers in training and supporting a new infrastructure following the departure of American forces from the country.[12]

In the last year of Gorman's career as director of the WAC, she pushed for military engineers to maximize living space in bathrooms, private bedrooms and kitchens for female personnel.[13] In 1966, the Women's Army Corps held a groundbreaking ceremony for its newly designed barracks, and Gorman refused to attend, believing the engineers had not made adequate changes.[14] Gorman later retired from her position as director in July 1966.[15]

Post-military careerEdit

Upon her retirement, Gorman was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for her military service during the Cold War.[16] Over the course of her career, Gorman also received an Army Commendation Medal, a WAC Service Medal, American and European-African-Middle Eastern campaign medals, a World War II Victory Medal, an Army of Occupation Medal, a National Defense Medal and a General Staff Identification Badge.[1]

After retiring from the military, Gorman worked at the Office of Economic Opportunity, aiding the implementation of programs against poverty.

Lt. Col. Gorman died in 2005[17] at age 96.

Personal lifeEdit

In 1962, Gorman received the Kappa Kappa Gamma Alumnae Achievement Award. She was a member of the American Association of University Women, the Business and Professional Women's Foundation, the National Association of Women Deans and Counselors, Robert Edwards American Legion Post 358, Monday Historical Club and Northern Oswego County Ambulance.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Emily C. Gorman". Syracuse Post Standard. 11 July 2005. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e Bettie J. Morden (1990). The Women's Army Corps, 1945–1978. Government Printing Office. p. 187.
  3. ^ "Theirs is the Hard-Earned Job of Command". LIFE Magazine. 18 January 1954. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  4. ^ Morden (1990), p 186
  5. ^ a b Morden (1990), pp 189–191
  6. ^ Morden (1990), pp 196, 198
  7. ^ Morden (1990), p 196
  8. ^ Morden (1990), p 197
  9. ^ Morden (1990), p 193
  10. ^ Morden (1990), p 199
  11. ^ Morden (1990), p 241
  12. ^ Morden (1990), pp 242-252
  13. ^ Morden (1990), p 200
  14. ^ Morden (1990), pp 200-201
  15. ^ "New Director For Women's Army Named". The Sarasota Journal. 24 June 1966. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Valor awards for Emily C. Gorman". Military Times. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  17. ^ "In Memory Of..." (PDF). Army Women's Foundation, Inc. 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2015.