Emilie of Saxony

Emilie of Saxony (27 July 1516 – 9 April 1591) was the third wife of Margrave George the Pious of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Since his two earlier wives died before his accession, she was the only one to enjoy the title Margravine.

Emilie of Saxony
Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach
1516 Emilia.jpg
Lucas Cranach the Elder - Emilie of Saxony, detail of a painting from 1535, oil on a poplar panel, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Born(1516-07-27)27 July 1516
Died9 April 1591(1591-04-09) (aged 74)
(m. 1533; died 1543)
IssueSophie, Duchess of Legnica
Dorothy Catherine, Burgravine of Meissen
George Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
FatherHenry IV, Duke of Saxony
MotherCatherine of Mecklenburg


Emilie was the daughter of the Duke Henry IV of Saxony and his wife Catherine of Mecklenburg. She was a member of the House of Wettin.

On 25 August 1533 she married the much older George of Brandenburg, the future Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, who had been recognized as the duke of Silesia. He also administered Brandenburg-Kulmbach on behalf of Albert, the son of his deceased brother Casimir. The marriage produced the heir he had hoped for: George Frederick, later Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

After the death of her husband in 1543, Emilie was the legal guardian of her minor son George Frederick until 1556. She provided him with his profound and humanistic education. However, the regency of Brandenburg-Ansbach was administered jointly by the reigning Electors of Saxony, Electors of Brandenburg, and the Landgrave of Hesse, Philip I.

Emilie was described as wise, virtuous and pious. She was a strict Lutheran and actively opposed Catholicism in the territories of her husband and son.[1] In later life she retired to her widow seat.


Her children with George were the following

married in 1560 Duke Henry XI of Legnica (1539–1588)
married in 1556 Henry V, Burgrave of Plauen, Burgrave of Meissen
married first, in 1558, Princess Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin (1540–1578)
second, in 1579, Princess Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1563–1639)



  • Siegfried Hänle (1878), "George Frederick (Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Bayreuth)", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 8, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 614–619 (mentioned in the article about her son)

External linksEdit

Emilie of Saxony
Born: 27 July 1516 Died: 9 April 1591
German nobility
Title last held by
Sophia of Poland
Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach
4 April 1536 - 27 December 1543
Title next held by
Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin