Emilian Bucov or Bukov (Russian: Емилиа́н Не́стерович Бу́ков; 8 August [O.S. 26 July] 1909 Kiliya, Odessa Oblast, Ukraine — 17 October 1984) was a Soviet Moldavian writer and poet, recognized with the State Prize of the Moldavian SSR and honorary title of People's Writer of the Moldavian SSR (1982). He studied at the Bucharest University and took part in underground communist movement. Bukov was awarded the Hero of Socialist Labour in 1979 for his work, the Order of Lenin medal twice and the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, twice.
Professional and political activityEdit
He was born in a poor Lipovan and Moldovan family, he graduated from, after overcoming material difficulties, the "B.P. Hașdeu" lyceum in Chișinău (1930) and then, the Faculty of Letters and Philosophy of the University of Bucharest (1936). As a student, he became a member of the Union of Communist Youth and unlawfully carries out various political activities.
From 1940 he fled to Moscow and contributes through his lyrics to the dissemination of anti-Romanian Bolshevik slogans. Established in 1944 in Chișinău, he was considered one of the leading activist writers in Moldavian SSR. He was the chairperson of the Writers' Union (1945-1946, 1955-1958), deputy chairperson of the Soviet Ministries of the MSR (1947-1951), editor-in-chief of the Nistru magazine (1966-1971). He was awarded the State Prize of Moldova (1966), entitled The Socialist Labor Hero (1979) and The People's Writer (1982).
Bucov collaborated with the left wing or avant-garde magazines; his first writing was a translation from Russian language, published in 1933 in Herald. He then continues to publish lyrics and prose at the Literary and Artistic Truth (Adevărul literar și artistic), the Free Word (Cuvîntul Liber), the Torch (Făclia) and the Society of Tomorrow (Societatea de Mâine), signing either Bâcov or Bucov. He published in the Free Word weekly a "moderate left article"; the weekly under the leadership of Tudor Teodorescu-Braniște was published 1933 by the end of 1936 and where he signed his articles as Radu Bîcov-Emilian in which deplored the situation of the exploited workers or calling them for strikes. His lyric looks like was produced by a vocal rioter, which announces the "Parnassus sunset," and rejects the bourgeois poetry (including the Eminescu), cultivating and promoting the firebrand proletarian thematics. The model was the Soviet poetry of that time, especially the one of Vladimir Mayakovsky, which he translated and whome made popular.
He gathered his lyrics from the Romanian period in the “Speech of the Sun” (Discursul Soarelui) volumes (1937) and China (1938). The Soviet period began in 1942 in Moscow, where the volumes containing violent anti-Romani lyrics appeared. It is the guideline that has been preserved for four decades, the time when he published a lot. An industrial polygraph, Bucov presents the clichés of Soviet propaganda in poemes, in novels, in dramaturgy, guided by the principle - which he has also rhyme - "Moscow is my sun and Kiev is my brother". Around his life and writings, Soviet officials have created a fruitful legend. He also made the translation of I.Ilf, E. Petrov and Sergei Yesenin.
- "Bucov Emilian - scriitor (in Romanian)". 31 March 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- Ov. S. Crohmălniceanu, Literatura română între cele două războaie mondiale, vol. I, Editura Minerva, București, 1972, pp. 161-162, 164.