Emerillon (alternate names Emerilon, Emerion, Mereo, Melejo, Mereyo, Teco) is a Tupi–Guarani language spoken in French Guiana on the rivers Camopi and Tampok. The Emerillon people refer to their language as Teke and it is mutually intelligible to Wayampi a language indigenous to French Guiana and Brazil.
Emerillon is only used along the French Guiana borders with Surinam and Brazil. There are only four hundred Emerillon speakers in the world. Although there are a limited number of speakers, Emerillon is still taught as a first language to children. Its name derives from mereñõ, a name given to members of the Emerillon tribe. They often refer to themselves as the Teko people which translates to "human being" in Wayãpi.
Emerillon is spelt phonetically based on the International Phonetic Alphabet, and not according the French orthography. The spelling uses the letter ɨ for the close central unrounded vowel between i and u. e is always pronounced é, vowels with a tilde are always nasal (ã, ẽ, ĩ, õ, ũ), ö is like the German O umlaut, and b is prenounced mb. All letters are pronounced.
- Emerillon at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Teko". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Gordon, Mathew; Rose, Franciose (Summer 2006). "Émérillon Stress: A Phonetic and Phonological Study". Anthropological Linguistics: 132–168. JSTOR 25132376.
- Dietrich, Wolf (1 January 2013). "Review of Grammaire de l'émérillon teko, une langue tupi-guarani de Guyane française, Françoise Rose". International Journal of American Linguistics. 79 (3): 441–443. doi:10.1086/670927. JSTOR 670927.
- Grenand & Grenand 2017, p. 18.
- Grenand & Grenand 2017, p. 20.
- Grenand, Pierre; Grenand, Françoise Grenand (2017). "Pour une histoire de la cartographie des territoires teko et wayãpi (Commune de Camopi, Guyane française)". Open Edition. Revue d’ethnoécologie (in French).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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