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Not to be confused with Emergency, a TV program aired on GMA Network in the Philippines.

Emergency! is an American television series that combines the medical drama and action-adventure genres. It was a joint production of Mark VII Limited and Universal Television. It debuted on NBC as a midseason replacement on January 15, 1972, replacing the two short-lived series The Partners and The Good Life, and ran until May 28, 1977, with six additional two-hour television films during the next two years.

Emergency!
EmergencyLogo.jpg
Also known asEmergency One!
Created byRobert A. Cinader
Harold Jack Bloom
Jack Webb
StarringRobert Fuller
Julie London
Bobby Troup
Randolph Mantooth
Kevin Tighe
Tim Donnelly
Mike Stoker
Marco Lopez
Michael Norell
Ron Pinkard
Theme music composerNelson Riddle
Composer(s)Nelson Riddle
Billy May
(incidental music)
No. of seasons6
No. of episodes122 (including 6 TV movies) (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)Jack Webb
Robert A. Cinader
Hannah Louise Shearer
Producer(s)Robert A. Cinader
Edwin Self
William Stark
Editor(s)Richard Belding supervisor
and others
Running timeapprox. 50 minutes
Production company(s)Mark VII Limited
Universal Television
DistributorNBCUniversal Television Distribution (current)
Release
Original networkNBC
Original releaseJanuary 15, 1972 –
May 28, 1977
Chronology
Related showsSierra
Adam-12

The series stars Randolph Mantooth and Kevin Tighe as two rescuers, who work jointly as paramedics and firefighters in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The duo form Squad 51, a medical and rescue crew of the Los Angeles County Fire Department. They work in concert with the fictional Rampart General Hospital medical staff (portrayed by Robert Fuller, Julie London and Bobby Troup), and with the firefighter engine company at Station 51.

Emergency! was created and produced by Jack Webb and Robert A. Cinader, who were also responsible for the police dramas Adam-12 and Dragnet. Harold Jack Bloom is also credited as a creator; Webb does not receive screen credit as a creator. In the show's original TV-movie pilot, Webb was credited only as its director. The series aimed to be a realistic portrayal of the emergency medical services (EMS). Pioneering EMS leader James O. Page served as a technical advisor, and the two main actors underwent some paramedic training.

The series aired at a time when ambulance coverage in the United States was rapidly expanding and changing, and the role of a paramedic was emerging as a medical profession. The series is credited with popularizing the concepts of EMS and paramedics in American society, and even inspiring other states and municipalities to expand the service.[1][2]

Nearly 30 years after Emergency! debuted, the Smithsonian Institution accepted Emergency! memorabilia into its National Museum of American History's public-service section,[3] including the firefighters' helmets, turnouts, biophone, and defibrillator.[4] The vehicles of Station 51 are a part of the collection of the Los Angeles County Fire Museum.

Contents

CastEdit

 
Cast of TV's Emergency! (1973), L-R: Kevin Tighe, Robert Fuller, Julie London, Bobby Troup and Randolph Mantooth

The series was set at the fictional Fire Station 51 of the Los Angeles County Fire Department (LACoFD), where one fire engine and one rescue truck were stationed. The focus was on two young firefighter-paramedics John Roderick "Johnny" Gage (Randolph Mantooth) and Roy DeSoto (Kevin Tighe). They crewed the rescue truck Squad 51 and, in addition to providing medical care, also carried out some technical rescues such as vehicle extrication.

The paramedics would coordinate with the Emergency Room (ER) staff of Rampart General Hospital: head physician Dr. Kelly Brackett (Robert Fuller), head nurse Dixie McCall (Julie London), neurosurgeon Dr. Joe Early (played by London's real-life husband Bobby Troup), and young intern Dr. Michael "Mike" Morton (Ron Pinkard, who, in the earliest installments, also portrayed another intern, Dr. Thomas Gray).

The other regular characters were the firefighters of Station 51's "A" shift, some of whom were played by professional firefighters. These characters included Chester B. "Chet" Kelly (Tim Donnelly), Marco Lopez (Marco Lopez) and Mike Stoker (LACoFD firefighter Mike Stoker as himself). In each series, there was another who held the rank of Captain present. These were Captain Dick Hammer (LACoFD Captain Richard Hammer as himself for first season/episodes 1-9, then later John Smith for the last two episodes of the season), Captain Hank Stanley (Michael Norell, during the remaining seasons) and Captain Gene "Captain Hook" Hookrader in a couple of later episodes. LACoFD Dispatcher Samuel Lanier portrayed himself in an uncredited voice role (over the radio) throughout the series, and he is also occasionally shown in a brief clip at the dispatch office just before a dispatch is heard in later seasons. Lanier, an actual LACoFD Dispatcher, retired from the department shortly after Emergency! finished.[5] Lopez spoke Spanish, and occasionally translated for the crew when a victim or onlooker spoke Spanish but no English. Unusually, Lopez, Stoker and Hammer played characters named after themselves, though in two episodes Hammer's character was played by John Smith. Stoker and Hammer were both real life firefighters in the LACoFD.

Other recurring characters included Battalion Chiefs Conrad (Art Balinger), Sorensen (Art Gilmore), Miller, and McConnike (William Boyett), Los Angeles County Sheriff's Deputy/Carson Police Officer/Sergeant Vince (Vince Howard), and recurring ambulance attendants Albert "Al" (Angelo DeMeo) and his assistant, George (George Orrison). Boyett was also a regular on Adam-12, playing Sergeant MacDonald.

The role of Dixie McCall was originally written as a love interest for Fuller's character, Dr. Kelly Brackett, though the on-screen romance between Brackett and McCall was gradually downplayed and eventually ignored over the course of the series; this was explained by Brackett's and McCall's romance not having worked out.

DevelopmentEdit

The series was created by Robert Cinader and Jack Webb.[2][6] Webb had previously created Dragnet, and the two had previously created Adam-12, both of which were TV series about policing. In 1971, Cinader and Webb met with Captain Jim Page and other officers from the LACoFD to discuss creating a show about firefighters. Initially they planned to focus the show on physical rescues, but felt that there would not be enough ideas for episodes. Page suggested they look to the LACoFD's paramedic program for ideas.[2]

At the time, the Los Angeles area was home to 2 of the 12 paramedic programs in the United States (as opposed to ambulances that provided only transport and first aid). In 1970, then Governor Ronald Reagan had signed the Wedworth-Townsend Act which allowed paramedic programs to be trialed in Los Angeles County.[2] In September 1971, Cinader and Webb signed a contract with NBC to develop the series.[2] The initial pilot film of Emergency!, titled "The Wedsworth-Townsend Act", focuses on the passage of a similar law to the Wedworth-Townsend Act that permits paramedics to operate.[7]

Cinader asked the writers to get all the rescues that were to be portrayed on the show from fire stations' logbooks.[8] Along the same line, the series was technically accurate as every script was fact-checked and approved by the series' technical consultants, Dr. Michael Criley (the man who had initially created the LACoFD Paramedic program) and LACoFD Battalion Chief, James O. Page. There were always real paramedics serving as technical advisors on set every day for further technical advice.[8]

To train for their parts, the actors, Mantooth and Tighe sat in some paramedic classes (although they never actually took any written exams) and went on extensive ride-alongs with LACoFD.[8] In an interview with Tom Blixa of WTVN, Mantooth said that the producer wanted them to train so that they would at least know the fundamentals and look like they knew what they were doing on camera. Mantooth mentioned that you needed to take the written course to be a paramedic, and went on to admit that "if anyone has a heart attack, I'll call 911 with the best of them."[9] Mantooth became an advocate for firefighters and paramedics after the series ended. He continued, as of late October 2014, to give speeches and make appearances all over the country at special events.[10]

Series formatEdit

While Webb's Dragnet and Adam-12 followed a pair of detectives and patrolmen respectively, Emergency! followed the firemen and paramedics of Station 51, and the emergency room staff of Rampart General Hospital.

Typical episodes begin with the firemen and paramedics at the station going through such routines as cooking, cleaning equipment, or sleeping until a call comes from the dispatcher describing the emergency and its location. The call prompts the crew to immediately stop their routine and respond with organized precision. The firemen and paramedics respond to the scene of the emergency, where the paramedics almost always contact Rampart General Hospital to report their patient assessment and receive medical direction and treatment authorization, which often includes IV drug therapy. Many times the plot follows the accident victims and paramedics to Rampart.

Other plot lines end at the scene. When an event has ended, the crew return to Station 51 and resume their routines until another call is dispatched. Often, firemen DeSoto and Gage, who are best friends, engage in playful banter, or good-naturedly irritate each other when an emergency call forces them to become serious-minded and immediately leave the station's living area to focus on the job at hand. Each episode typically climaxes with a major fire, disaster or rescue that often has multiple units engaged.

Because of the greater scope of its format, Emergency! was a full-hour series, whereas both Dragnet and Adam-12 were half-hour shows. Actual local disasters were worked into some story lines, such as the 1971 Sylmar earthquake which destroyed the newly completed Olive View Medical Center in the San Fernando Valley; and the 1973 "Crenshaw Fire" brush fire on the Palos Verdes Peninsula.

EpisodesEdit

SettingEdit

Interior scenes were shot on Universal's sound stages.[8] Exterior scenes of the fire station were shot at Station 127 in Carson, while exterior scenes of the hospital were shot at Harbor General Hospital (now Harbor-UCLA Medical Center).

Station 51Edit

 
Los Angeles Fire Station 127 was used to represent Station 51 in the series.

Station 51 was represented by LACoFD Fire Station 127, located at 2049 East 223rd Street (between Wilmington Ave and Alameda St, with the 405 freeway visible in the background in wide shots) in Carson, California (33°49′28″N 118°14′18″W / 33.82444°N 118.23833°W / 33.82444; -118.23833 - Maps Street View).

At the time the series aired, the LACoFD had no Station 51. It was the number of a station that had previously existed at the intersection of Arlington and Atlantic Avenues on the outskirts of Lynwood and Compton, and closed in the late 1960s when the area was annexed by Lynwood. Since 1994, the LACoFD has had a Station 51 in a different location. In an homage to the show, the fire station on the grounds of Universal Studios was renumbered from Station 60 to Station 51, more than 20 years after the debut of Emergency! The vehicles based at Station 60 were accordingly renumbered. This station is therefore home to an actual Engine 51 and Squad 51, as well as Patrol 51 and Quint 51.[11]

Station 127 was chosen for its natural lighting by series co-creator Robert A. Cinader, and the station was eventually named in his honor. A plaque honoring Robert A. Cinader is now mounted on the station next to the office front door. At the time of filming Station 127 housed Engine 127 and Truck 127 (a ladder truck), whereas the fictional Station 51 had a small rescue truck instead of a ladder truck. As of 2018, Station 127 now instead houses Quint 127 (similar to a ladder truck, but with an on board water tank), and Foam 127.

For filming on location, Truck 127 was moved off-site and replaced with Universal's Squad 51, while Engine 127 was disguised as Engine 51. After Universal obtained the 1972 Ward LaFrance for Engine 51, both of Station 127's companies would be replaced by Universal's Engine 51 and Squad 51 for filming on location. While some filming of scenes set at Station 51 were done on sets at the studio, these sets accurately recreated the interior of Station 127. Despite being "kicked out" of their own station for filming, Truck 127 still appeared in numerous episodes under its own callsign. The Carson location of Station 127 was directly referenced in one episode where a phone call was traced to a house "in Carson" that Engine 51 and Squad 51 eventually responded to.

"KMG365", which is said by the crewmember acknowledging a call for a unit at Station 51, is a real FCC call sign used by LACoFD assigned to Fire Station 98 in Bellflower, and it appears on the Station Patch for Station 127, which today still houses Engine 127 and Truck 127 (now known as Light Force 127).

Rampart General HospitalEdit

In the pilot episode, Rampart General Hospital is shown (in a letter to Dr. Brackett) to be located in Carson, California. At the time of filming, Rampart General Hospital was represented by Harbor General Hospital, located in Torrance, California at 1000 West Carson Street, the intersection of Vermont Avenue and Carson Street (33°49′49″N 118°17′30″W / 33.83028°N 118.29167°W / 33.83028; -118.29167). The pairing of Station 127 and Harbor General as "Station 51" and "Rampart" was accurate, since if a squad had actually been quartered at Station 127, it would likely have operated from Harbor General Hospital, since they are only 2.1 miles (3.4 km) apart. Not accurate was the response area of Station 51. Many examples exist. As seen in season 6 episode 5, where they responded to 4000 N. Riverton Ave. Universal City, Truck 127 appeared in one episode where a rescue event occurred at Rampart (Harbor General), as the hospital really is in Truck 127's "first-due" district.

In an episode near the end of the series, one character, an aged jazz musician, hearing the name Rampart General, says, "My grandaddy used to play on Rampart Street in New Orleans!" The name Rampart actually comes from the show Adam-12 and is the real name of a division of the LAPD.[12]

In 1978, by the approval of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, Harbor General Hospital was renamed as Harbor-UCLA Medical Center.[13]

Los Angeles County Fire DispatchEdit

Footage of a dispatcher used during the show appears to have been filmed at the LACoFD Keith E. Klinger dispatch center in East Los Angeles. The screen he looked at to see the street maps is a rear projection from a Kodak Carousel projector built into the console. The man was actual LACoFD dispatcher Sam Lanier, who also lent his voice as the dispatcher for the series' entire run.

The familiar tones that called Station 51 into service were initiated by dispatch using a Motorola Quik Call I unit, a radio listening on a common paging frequency for a pair of special audio tones assigned to that station. For a large incident, one could often hear many sets of tones calling many stations, but only a specific pair would sound the buzzer for Station 51.

A long scene showing the sequence of microfiche reader address lookup to quik-call dispatch appears in the season six episode "Family Ties."

PropsEdit

The creators of Emergency! tried to accurately portray the Los Angeles County Fire Department (LACoFD) by using apparatus and equipment in current use. The extensive cooperation of the LACoFD is repeatedly apparent in the program. Although a few key items were fictionalized, such as the identification of Station 51 and its equipment, many of the locations and apparatus reflected the operating reality of locations used in some filming. Nearly 30 years after Emergency! debuted, the Smithsonian Institution accepted Emergency! memorabilia into its National History Museum, public-service section,[3] including their helmets, turnouts, biophone, and defibrillator.[4]

Squad 51Edit

 
Squad 51 before restoration, picture taken at Pomona Raceway in the 1970s

The vehicle which represented Squad 51 was constructed by Universal crews and was an accurate replica of the units built in-house on stock truck chassis by LACoFD at the time. The LACoFD shops were unable to fulfill a request from Universal to build a unit for the show within the short deadline the studio asked, but did provide the blueprints to Universal crews so the studio could build its own unit on a 1972 Dodge D300 "dualie" (two rear tires on each side, on one axle) chassis. (This conversion was subsequently completed on a 1973 and 1974 Dodge D300 chassis as well.)

The replica's accuracy is evident that the white light atop the Federal Signal Twinsonic lightbar was part of the blueprint, but never installed by LAcoFD on its departmental units. This light was supposed to differentiate paramedic units from regular rescue units. After the filming of the series, the studio donated the unit to LACoFD in 1978, which pressed it into occasional service as a reserve unit before it was eventually retired from service.

In 1999, LACoFD donated the Universal-built squad to the Los Angeles County Fire Museum, which restored it and put it on display.[14][15]

Engine 51Edit

 
The Engine 51 from Ward La France, shown in a photo shot in the 1970s.

The original Engine 51 was a 1965 open-cab Crown Firecoach, and was represented by LACoFD Engine 127's 1965 Crown in stock footage at the fire station (in reality LACoFD Station 127), and by LACoFD Engine 60's 1965 Crown (the unit assigned to Universal Studios) for filming on the grounds of the studio. In a few instances in the first and second seasons, the regular apparatus borrowed from LACoFD and used for filming appear to have been unavailable as some scenes show a slightly different vintage Crown Firecoach pumper, most evident by the different style of emergency lights on the cab's roof. The mixing of stock station and response footage with footage filmed for specific storylines created continuity errors by mixing these apparatus.

Early in the third season, Engine 51 was represented by a 1973 closed-cab Ward LaFrance P80 Ambassador triple-combination pumper. LACoFD was purchasing numerous P80s at the time, and Ward LaFrance donated a P80 unit to Universal Studios specifically for use in the series as product placement. The Ward LaFrance Engine 51 was thus not a disguised unit and did not require the use of LACoFD resources for filming.

Engine 127's 1965 Crown, one of the two originally used for the series, was later refitted with a closed cab. Eventually it was placed into reserve status when Station 127 received a new engine. In its reserve capacity, it was serving temporarily as Engine 95 when it was involved in a collision. Damaged beyond repair in the collision, it was salvaged for parts and sold as scrap.[16] The County of Los Angeles Fire Museum Association now owns and has restored the 1965 Crown which formerly served as Engine 60 at Universal Studios[17] and appeared most often as the Crown version of Engine 51.

The Ward LaFrance P80 Ambassador that represented Engine 51, owned by the studio outright, made its final Emergency! appearance in the movie The Steel Inferno, but it was marked as Engine 110. The Ward remained at Universal Studios as a prop following the conclusion of the series, and made brief appearances such as in the film The China Syndrome (1979) and a short educational film produced by the National Fire Protection Association in 1984.[18] Eventually, the Ward was pressed into active duty at Yosemite National Park, as MCA Recreation Services (Universal's then-owner/operator) was under contract to provide visitor services at the park at the time, and it remained with YNP Fire after MCARS's involvement at the Park ended.[19]

As the fire department for the concession area was private (not state or federal), the engine had the California personalized (vanity) license plate YCS E51. It served continuously as YNP Fire's Engine 7 until it was retired and replaced in July 2008. Per terms of a previous agreement between the Park and the County of Los Angeles Fire Museum Association, the museum assumed ownership of the Ward and added it to the museum collection. In 2012, the museum finished a complete restoration of the Ward to its original appearance in the show.[15][20][21]

Antique Dennis Fire EngineEdit

An antique fire engine was the part of three episodes of the show. In the third season, episode 2, entitled, "The Old Engine", Gage and DeSoto see a derelict fire engine in a scrap yard during a fire. They purchase the vehicle for $80 according to the script and attempt to renovate it. The script says it is a 1932 Dennis fire engine, but the vehicle is a Dennis Ace model, that was manufactured from 1934–39 and sold to the British market including Australia, New Zealand, and India. Records indicate this model was not sold in the US.[22]

In Season 4, Episode 13, "The Parade", the two paramedics finish their restoration of the Dennis Ace fire engine for the California Firefighters Parade while wearing antique uniforms as well. En route to the parade the two spot an apartment fire and respond in the antique engine using it and its antiquated equipment to fight the blaze. The Dennis Ace is heavily damaged when the structure collapses onto it. In Season 5, Episode 2, "The Old Engine Cram" the main characters are informed by Nurse McCall that a man is looking to buy that same model of fire engine.[23] Unfortunately, the engine is mistakenly referred to in the script as a 1923 Paige when it is actually a Dennis.[22]

EquipmentEdit

 
The Original Emergency! Biophone Model 3502

The orange radio Gage and DeSoto used was a model 3502 Biocom Biophone. It came in an orange fiberglass case and was fully portable. It could transmit EKG and voice simultaneously, could be charged in 15 minutes, and had one hour of talking time. The radio had eight duplex UHF channels and a total of 12 watts of transmitting power. There were two Biophones used on the series, one smaller than the other.[24]

In "Survival on Charter #220", Gage and DeSoto are briefly seen using a Motorola Apcor, with Dr. Early and Nurse McCall using a Motorola base station back at Rampart.

 
Old Pal Tackle Box PF-3300: AKA Drug Box, Emergency!

The electrocardiograph (ECG or EKG) machine used in the show was a Datascope Model 850 Dual Trace Physiological Monitor. This model came out in 1971 and was the first portable, battery rechargeable unit of its kind.[25] Its original price was $2,000. In the middle of Season 4, the show switched to a Datascope MD/2, which was a combined monitor and defibrillator that allowed the monitor unit to slide out. The paramedics also carried some medical equipment in a black model "PF-3300" Old Pal tackle box, commonly used by the fire department at the time. There were instances when the actors encountered difficulty in pronouncing medical terms correctly, so some scenes show the characters from the back or behind a mask, which allowed them to dub in the correct pronunciations at a later time.[24]

Many items of the equipment were donated to the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History in May 2000.[26]

The protective clothing ("turn-out gear") that the firefighters wore, including the MSA Topgard helmets, as well as nearly all other equipment such as insignia, were standard fire department issue at the time.

 
Possibly the actual Biophone used in the show. This is the unit on display at the LACoFD fire museum. This unit has a connection port in the front that can be seen on screen. The above model does not.

The badges used in the series were authentic fire department badges. At the end of filming each day, they were collected, stored for safekeeping and then reissued the next day.

LegacyEdit

Impact on emergency medical servicesEdit

An analysis of Emergency!'s influence on the rapid expansion of paramedic services must begin with the acknowledgement of the familiar bromide that "correlation does not equal causation." ... However, ample evidence supports a conclusion that the TV show was a primary factor that fueled the legal changes that allowed paramedic services to develop and expand.

Paul Bergman, University of Baltimore Law Review, 2007[2]

Prior to Emergency!, ambulances had been operating for decades in the United States. However, their crews rarely had training beyond basic first aid. Most states did not license them to perform more advanced medical treatment. The alternative was to staff ambulances with traditional healthcare professionals like doctors, which was expensive and posed recruitment challenges.[2]

Writing in the University of Baltimore Law Review in 2007, Paul Bergman argued that Emergency! encouraged the growth of EMS. The conclusion is shared by Yokey and Sutherland in the book Emergency! Behind the Scenes.[1] Bergman acknowledges that some of this trend had already been in motion, due to developments such as the 1966 report Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society and California's Wedworth-Townsend Act in 1970. In 1971, there were only 12 paramedic units operating in the United States. In the first three years that Emergency! aired, 46 out of 50 states enacted laws that allowed paramedics to practice. On a federal level, the 1974 Emergency Medical Services Systems Act was enacted to encourage the trend.[2] By 1982, half the American population was within ten minutes' reach of a paramedic unit.[1][2]

The show was referenced during a debate in the Health Committee of the California State Assembly, during the passage of a bill to make the Wedworth-Townsend Act permanent.[27] A 1977 Newsweek article wrote that "[t]he television series Emergency! helped create a national demand for such services."[28] In a 1993 paper, Byron K. Toma argued that it "helped convince the public that they are entitled to the highest levels of emergency medical aid technologically available."[29]

Spin-offs and crossoversEdit

Emergency! was a third-generation spin-off, having been spawned from Adam-12, which itself was spun off from Jack Webb's Dragnet. All three series take place in the same universe and depict different aspects of the public safety infrastructure of Los Angeles, California.

Characters from Emergency! and Adam-12 "crossed over" twice. The police officers appeared briefly in the pilot episode of Emergency!, and the firefighter/paramedics appeared in the Adam-12 episode titled "Lost and Found." Unusually, in the Emergency! episode titled "Hang-Up", there was a subplot in which the crew of Station 51 watched the television show Adam-12, despite supposedly sharing a fictional universe with those characters.

Emergency! spun off an animated version called Emergency +4 which ran on NBC Saturday mornings from 1973 to 1976, and featured four youngsters and their three pets who participated in rescue adventures with firefighter/paramedics DeSoto and Gage.

Mantooth's Gage and Tighe's DeSoto appeared in the tenth episode of Sierra, another Webb/Cinader production centered around a pair of National Park Service rangers, which appeared for only a partial season in 1974. In that episode, "The Urban Ranger", the two paramedics participate in mountain rescue training and get involved in many of the episode's subplots. Following recurring themes from Emergency!, Gage continues to fail in his attempts to get a date, while DeSoto briefly considers changing careers to become a park ranger.[30]

The "905-Wild" episode of Emergency!, broadcast during the closing of its Season 4 on Saturday March 1, 1975, was intended to be the pilot for a new series created and produced by Jack Webb. The series was to have been about the adventures of two Los Angeles County Department of Animal Control officers, and the staff of a county animal shelter. The episode featured Albert Popwell and Mark Harmon as the officers and David Huddleston and Gary Crosby in their supporting roles. However, it failed to sell and the follow-up series was never produced.

Squad 51 briefly appeared in the CHiPs episode "Cry Wolf" (ep. 18 season 1), where it can be seen responding from the station to a false accident report. Further in the episode "MAIT Team" (ep. 15 season 2), Engine 51 and Squad 51 can be seen responding from the station to a traffic accident.[18] Again in the episode "Hot Wheels" (ep. 8 season 3) Squad 51 arrives on the scene of a traffic accident. It has a major role in the episode "E.M.T" when it responds to aid a young boy trapped in his clubhouse under a busy freeway, where Ponch and Jon retrieve equipment from the squad to aid in the rescue of the boy.

The episode "Cover Up" of Quincy, M.E. featured a paramedic team from Squad 44 contacting Rampart General Hospital while tending a heart attack patient, although the patient is directed to a closer hospital. When Dr. Quincy later visits Station 44 to question the paramedics concerning the patient's death, stock footage of the exterior of Station 51 is used. This episode was written by R.A. Cinader. Earlier, in the season 1 episode "Has Anyone Seen Quincy?" Harbor General Hospital is used as the filming location of the unnamed hospital seen throughout the episode. Rampart is again contacted in season 7's "The Golden Hour", but the patient is directed to a closer hospital, and Engine 51 responds to a hotel fire in the same season's episode "Smoke Screen".

Station 51 appears in the TV movie The Great Los Angeles Earthquake (1990), in a segment where all Los Angeles police and fire personnel are deployed to prepare for a massive Southern California earthquake. Stock footage from "Emergency" is used.[31]

TV moviesEdit

From 1978 through 1979, the show returned as a series of "Movies of the Week". The TV movies premiered in this order:

The Steel Inferno: A fire breaks out in a skyscraper and the members of Squad 51 along with other LACoFD members help rescue those who are trapped. Personnel from Rampart General Hospital set up a triage area at the scene to care for the injured awaiting to be transported to the hospital. A Coast Guard helicopter helps firefighters with rooftop evacuations. This television movie was similar to Irwin Allen's The Towering Inferno (1974).

Survival on Charter #220: While Squad 51 is on a call, two planes collide with one landing in a Los Angeles subdivision, trapping Gage and DeSoto. A resident of the subdivision which was the site of the crash was the girlfriend of one of Squad 51's other paramedics from another shift. The on and off-duty firefighters make multiple rescues and the injured girl Squad 51 was originally dispatched to help turns out to be all right. During the rescue, however, an engine from one of the planes lands on the squad, rendering it out of commission due to the heavy damage it sustained.

Most Deadly Passage: The paramedics from Squad 51 travel to Seattle to watch how their paramedics treat patients and respond to calls for help. The most notable incident in the movie is the ferry that catches fire in the middle of a trip.

What’s a Nice Girl Like You Doing?: Gage and DeSoto travel to San Francisco to observe some female paramedics work. A worker is rescued from the Golden Gate Bridge, an ambulance gets into an accident that ends up killing the patient being transported to the hospital, an epileptic in a coffee shop is treated along with someone having a heart attack at a dance bar. A pier at the Embarcadero catches on fire.

Greatest Rescues of "Emergency!": Gage and DeSoto are both promoted to the rank of Captain. They think back to their time on Squad 51 and some of the rescues they carried out. Robert A. Cinader wrote and directed the framing story, which included clips from other such installments as the pilot, on whose writing Harold Jack Bloom had collaborated with Cinader.

The Convention: John and Roy are back in San Francisco for a paramedic convention and they ride along with the San Francisco Fire Department's paramedics.[32]

The TV movies were shown in syndication as two-part episodes starting in the 1980s. They also aired on TV Land in 2001, and again on MeTV in June 2015.

Other mediaEdit

The book Emergency!: Behind the Scenes by Richard Yokely and Rozane Sutherland was published in 2008.[1]

Charlton Comics out of Derby, Connecticut published several issues of an Emergency! comic book in the mid-1970s, geared towards youth readers. One of the issues contains some of the earliest published work of John Byrne.[33] Charlton also published four issues of an illustrated black-and-white magazine geared more towards adult readers featuring art by Neal Adams and others, these projects were overseen by publisher Steve Kahn, in parallel with similar books for The Six Million Dollar Man and The Bionic Woman.[34]

Power Records produced three original audio dramas based on Emergency!; these were released on a single 33 rpm LP. These were: "The Jaws of Life" (in which the title gadget proves its worth when Gage and DeSoto must rescue one man from a subway mishap and another from a burning car; they also help a woman shocked by a high-voltage power line; both are uneasy about supper this week, since Lopez is the designated chef at Station 51), "Front Page Story" (in which Gage and DeSoto, after rescuing an elderly man from a burning - and supposedly abandoned - wharf, must deal with investigative reporter Jenny James...who's been instructed to write an exposé on Squad 51; she observes - and unwittingly complicates - their treatment of a blind teenage diabetic with a fractured skull, who might need on-the-spot surgery to save his life), and "The Used Car Caper" (in which our paramedics assist a security guard shot in a bank robbery, and then a young woman injured by a reckless driver; the latter call ties into the subplot, as DeSoto puts his old car up for sale...and gets an offer from a fellow who's suspiciously eager to close the deal).

SyndicationEdit

The series was first syndicated in 1976, after the fifth season. Local stations mainly aired it between 4:30 and 6 p.m. Eastern (3:30 to 5:00 Central) for the same viewers that were its most loyal audience on NBC, elementary school-aged children. However, Emergency! was not nearly as successful in reruns as Dragnet 1967-70 and Adam-12 were. When the program was first syndicated, it went by the title Emergency One! (the stock title "Emergency!" appeared with the word "One" fading in beneath) to avoid confusion with the new episodes still airing Saturday nights on NBC and continued to be called that when the TV movies aired as well. The syndicated episodes would revert to the original title, Emergency!, in 1979. Renaming programs for syndication was commonplace until the 1980s. Although in the early 2000s it had a brief run on TV Land, Emergency! had been rarely seen in recent times because the series had come under the ownership of the Jack Webb Estate.

Emergency! seasons 1 - 6 were available on Netflix on Demand in high definition (though several episodes are missing due to rights issues), having been restored and rescanned from the original film negatives. The series ran on MeTV from September 2013 to December 2016, an over-the-air service mainly seen on digital subchannels of local television stations. Starting in January 2017, the series moves to the NBC Universal owned digital broadcast network Cozi TV. As of May 2018, the series is not available streaming at all in the USA. It is only available for purchase on DVD in the US from Universal Studios Home Entertainment and through major retailers.[35]

DVD releasesEdit

Universal Studios Home Entertainment has released all six seasons of Emergency! and the six post-series tele-films (as The Final Rescues), on DVD in Region 1.[36]

On July 12, 2016, Universal released Emergency!- The Complete Series on DVD in Region 1.[37] The 32-disc set contains all 124 episodes of the series as well as the 6 post-series tele-films.

In 2017/2018, Universal re-released the first two seasons on DVD in new single sided disc collections.[38][39]

Note: Seasons 1 & 2 in the complete series set were released on single sided discs; they were originally released on double sided discs in the individual season sets.

Name Ep# Region 1
Season One 12 August 23, 2005
May 9, 2017 (re-release)
Season Two 21 February 7, 2006
March 27, 2018 (re-release)
Season Three 22 February 13, 2007
Season Four 22 January 29, 2008
Season Five 24 January 20, 2009
Season Six 24 April 13, 2010
The Final Rescues 6 March 29, 2011
The Complete Series 135 July 12, 2016

Station 51 becomes a realityEdit

When a Los Angeles County Fire Department station was built to cover Universal Studios in Universal City, California, as a tribute to Emergency! which filmed at Universal the new station was named Station 51. An engine, a paramedic unit, a quint and a patrol unit are assigned there.[40] It is part of LACoFD Division VII.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Yokley, Richard; Sutherland, Roxane (2007). Emergency! Behind the Scenes. Jones & Bartlett Learning; 1 edition (July 13, 2007). ISBN 076374896X.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bergman, Paul (Spring 2007). "EMERGENCY!: Send a TV Show to Rescue Paramedic Services!". University of Baltimore Law Review. 36 (3).
  3. ^ a b Reiner, Jonathan (15 May 2000). "Emergency! at the Smithsonian". TVGuide.com. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b Ames, Denise (12 December 2013). "One-on-One with Randolph Mantooth". The Tolucan Times. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Sam Lanier." Sam Lanier. Emergency Fans, 2004. Web. 22 Oct. 2014.
  6. ^ "Robert A. Cinader". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Virtual Museum EMS History." 1969-Los Angeles Area Paramedic Programs. Np, 31 July 2011. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d "Q & A with Randolph Mantooth". route51.com. 1 February 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  9. ^ "Randolph Mantooth" (Interview). Interviewed by Tom Blixa. Columbus, Ohio: WTVN. 23 May 2013. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  10. ^ "EMS Isn't a Right... It's a Privilege." Randolph Mantooth. Nickel One Productions, 2012. Web. 22 Oct. 2014.
  11. ^ Los Angeles County Fire Station 51 Archived 2009-02-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Richard Yokley; Rozane Sutherland (2007), "Rampart Hospital", Emergency!: Behind the Scene, ISBN 978-0-7637-4896-8, retrieved 2013-10-31
  13. ^ "HUMC - Celebrating 50 Years of Caring". Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  14. ^ "County Of Los Angeles Fire Museum's Squad 51". Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  15. ^ a b [1] Visit the County Of Los Angeles Fire Museum
  16. ^ "Emergency! TV Show Equipment And Filming Locations". Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  17. ^ "County Of Los Angeles Fire Museum's Engine 51Crown". Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  18. ^ a b Emergency!. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  19. ^ "Fire Engines Page 1". Archived from the original on 28 October 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  20. ^ "Engine 51 Restoration". LA County Fire Museum, Inc. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
  21. ^ "County Of Los Angeles Fire Museum's Engine 51 Ward LaFrance". Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  22. ^ a b Richard Yokley, Rozane Sutherland (2007), "Rampart Hospital", Emergency!: Behind the Scene; ISBN 978-0-7637-4896-8
  23. ^ ""Emergency!" The Old Engine Cram (TV Episode 1975)". IMDb. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  24. ^ a b Richard C. Yokley; Rozane Sutherland (15 July 2007). Emergency!: Behind the Scene. Jones & Bartlett Learning. pp. 117–. ISBN 978-0-7637-4896-8. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  25. ^ [2] Archived July 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Clafma.org Archived February 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ Interim Hearing on Emergency Medical Services, 1972 Leg., 1972 Reg. Sess. 23 (Cal. 1972).
  28. ^ Peter Bonventre et aI., It's an Emergency, NEWSWEEK, Nov. 21,1977, at 105.
  29. ^ Toma, Byron (1993). "The Decline of Emergency Medical Services Coordination in California: Why Cities Are at War With Counties Over Illusory Ambulance Monopolies". Southwestern University Law Review.
  30. ^ "Sierra X-Over," Emergencyfans.com. Accessed August 24, 2007.
  31. ^ "The Great Los Angeles Earthquake"
  32. ^ "Emergency: The Final Rescues (The Steel Inferno, Survival on Charter #220, Greatest Rescues of Emergency!, More)." DVD Talk. DVD Talk, 29 Mar. 2011. Web. 22 Oct. 2014.
  33. ^ "Emergency! - June 1976 - December 1976". Grand Comics Database Project. comics.org. Retrieved Feb 8, 2008.
  34. ^ "Emergency! - July 1976 - January 1977". Grand Comics Database Project. comics.org. Retrieved Feb 8, 2008.
  35. ^ "Univeral Studios Home Entertainment Web Store". Emergency: The Complete Series. Universal Studios Home Entertainment. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  36. ^ "Emergency! DVD news: Announcement for Emergency - The Final Rescues - TVShowsOnDVD.com". Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  37. ^ Watch Out, Guys...Universal is Creating a Complete 'Emergency!' **UPDATED** Archived 2016-06-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  38. ^ Emergency! - Season 1 (Single-Sided)
  39. ^ Emergency! - Season 2 (single-sided)
  40. ^ https://www.facebook.com/lacountyfire7/app_190322544333196. Retrieved May 21, 2015.

External linksEdit