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Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta

Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto; 13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy, as the son of Amadeo I, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Filiberto was also commander of the Italian Third Army during World War I, which earned him the title of the "Undefeated Duke". After the war he became a Marshal of Italy.

Prince Emanuele Filiberto
Prince of Asturias
Duca d'Aosta.jpg
Duke of Aosta
PredecessorPrince Amedeo, 1st Duke
SuccessorPrince Amedeo, 3rd Duke
Born(1869-01-13)13 January 1869
Genoa
Died4 July 1931(1931-07-04) (aged 62)
Turin
Burial
SpousePrincess Hélène of Orléans
IssueAmedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta
Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta
Full name
Emanuele Filiberto Vittorio Eugenio Alberto Genova Giuseppe Maria
HouseHouse of Savoy-Aosta
FatherPrince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta
MotherPrincess Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, 6th Princess of the Cisterna
Military career
Nickname(s)The Undefeated Duke
Allegiance Kingdom of Italy
Service/branch Royal Italian Army
RankMarshal of Italy
Commands heldItalian Third Army
Battles/warsWorld War I

BiographyEdit

He was born in Genoa the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870 his father was elected to occupy the Spanish Throne. Amadeus resigned and returned to Italy in 1873 after three years on the throne. In 1890 his son succeeded to the title of Duke of Aosta.

He began his career in the Italian Army at Naples, in 1905, as commander. During the First World War the Duke of Aosta commanded the Italian Third Army, which gained the nickname of Armata invitta ("undefeated army"). Following the war he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1926.

Prince Emanuele Filiberto died in 1931 at Turin; accordingly to his will, he was buried in the military cemetery of Redipuglia, together with thousands of soldiers of the Third Army.

Named after him were the Duke of Aosta Bridge in Rome, built in 1942, and another on the Piave at Jesolo, inaugurated in 1927; a street in Rome; a cruiser of the Regia Marina was named after him, which was given to Soviet Union after World War II.

Family and childrenEdit

He was married to Princess Hélène of Orléans (1871–1951). She was a daughter of Prince Philippe of Orléans and the Infanta Maria Isabel of Spain.

They had two sons:

Honours and awardsEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha 1913 (1913) pages 49
  2. ^ "Toison Autrichienne (Austrian Fleece) – 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
  3. ^ a b "Di Savoia Emanuele Filiberto Duca di Aosta" (in Italian), Il sito ufficiale della Presidenza della Repubblica. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
  4. ^ "Sveriges statskalender (1905) p.441" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org.
  5. ^ "No. 27454". The London Gazette. 15 July 1902. p. 4509.
  • Encyclopædia Britannica (1950)
  • Hanson, Edward (2017). The Wandering Princess: Princess Helene of France, Duchess of Aosta (1871–1951). Fonthill. ISBN 978-1-78155-592-7.

External linksEdit

Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta
Born: 13 January 1869 Died: 4 July 1931
Spanish royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Alfonso (XII)
Prince of Asturias
1871–1873
Vacant
Title next held by
Isabella
Italian nobility
New creation Duke of Apulia
1869–1890
Succeeded by
Amedeo
Preceded by
Amedeo
Duke of Aosta
1890–1931
Preceded by
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
Prince della Cisterna
1876–1931