She was born to reindeer herders, Lars Thomasson Laula and Kristina Josefina Larsdotter and grew up near Dikanäs. After receiving training school in Stockholm as a midwife, she returned home to live near Dikanäs. In 1908, she married reindeer herder, Thomas Renberg. Together, they moved to Vefsn in Nordland, Norway where they lived as reindeer herders and had 6 children together. Elsa died at the age of 54 of tuberculosis in Brønnøy.
'"Do we face life or death?"Edit
In 1904, Renberg wrote and published a 30-page pamphlet in Swedish entitled Infor lif eller död? Sanningsord i de Lappska förhållandena (Do we face life or death? Words of truth about the Lappish situation) making her the first Sámi woman to have her writings published. This work discussed several issues that were facing the Sámi, such as their education system, their right to vote, and their right to own land. The Sámi national spirit was reawakening at the point the writing was published, making it especially important. Renburg also encouraged Sámi women to work and help her in the cause. Throughout the pamphlet, she uses carefully crafted temporal rhetoric to enact resistance to Swedish colonization.
In 1904 she founded the South Sámi Fatmomakka Association, which was the first Sámi activist organisation. Its aim was to combat issues surrounding increasing state colonization and settler presence on Sámi lands, and to resolve local land conflicts, as well as improve the societal, economic, and political position of the Sámi. She was also the chair of the organizing committee of the first Sámi Assembly of 1917 in Trondheim.
- Seurujärvi-Kari, Irja (2012). Ale jaskkot eatnigiella : alkuperäiskansaliikkeen ja saamen kielen merkitys saamelaisten identiteetille (Ph.D.). University of Helsinki.
- Buhre, Frida; Bjork, Collin (2021-05-27). "Braiding Time: Sami Temporalities for Indigenous Justice". Rhetoric Society Quarterly. 51 (3): 227–236. doi:10.1080/02773945.2021.1918515. ISSN 0277-3945.