Elron (rail transit)

AS Eesti Liinirongid, operating as Elron, is a government-owned passenger train operator in Estonia.

AS Eesti Liinirongid
TypeGovernment-owned corporation
IndustryRail transport
Founded1998 (as Elektriraudtee)
October 2013 (as Elron)
Headquarters,
ProductsRail transport
Websitewww.elron.ee
AS Eesti Liinirongid

Inter-city rail

Tallinn–Tartu–Valga line
Tallinn Mainline rail interchangeTram interchange
Kitseküla
Ülemiste Tallinn Airport
Vesse
Lagedi
Kulli
Aruküla
Raasiku
Kehra
Lahinguvälja
Mustjõe
Aegviidu
Nelijärve
Jäneda
Lehtse
Tapa
Tallinn–Narva line
Tamsalu
Kiltsi
Rakke
Vägeva
Pedja
Jõgeva
Kaarepere
Tabivere
Kärkna
Tartu
Tabliczka E264.svgM3-EE.svg E264 / P3
Tallinn–Tartu–Koidula line
Aardla
Tabliczka E263.svgM2-EE.svg E263 / P2
Ropka
Nõo
Tõravere
Peedu
Elva
Palupera
Puka
Mägiste
Keeni
Sangaste
Valga
Tallinn–Tartu–Koidula line
Tallinn Mainline rail interchangeTram interchange
Kitseküla
Ülemiste Tallinn Airport
Vesse
Lagedi
Kulli
Aruküla
Raasiku
Kehra
Lahinguvälja
Mustjõe
Aegviidu
Nelijärve
Jäneda
Lehtse
Tapa
Tallinn–Narva line
Tamsalu
Kiltsi
Rakke
Vägeva
Pedja
Jõgeva
Kaarepere
Tabivere
Kärkna
Tartu
Tabliczka E264.svgM3-EE.svg E264 / P3
Tallinn–Tartu–Valga line
Kirsi
Aardla street
22131
Ülenurme Tartu Airport
Uhti
Reola
Vana-Kuuste
22141
Rebase
18141
Vastse-Kuuste
18180
Valgemetsa
18161
18138
Kiidjärve
Taevaskoja
18146
Põlva
18158
Holvandi
18225
Ruusa
Veriora
Ilumetsa
Orava
18243
Piusa
18243
18229
Koidula
Freight line to Pechory
Tallinn–Narva line
Tallinn Mainline rail interchangeTram interchange
Kitseküla
Ülemiste Tallinn Airport
Vesse
Lagedi
Kulli
Aruküla
Raasiku
Kehra
Lahinguvälja
Mustjõe
Aegviidu
Nelijärve
Jäneda
Lehtse
Tapa
Tallinn–Tartu–
Valga/Koidula line
17144
Kadrina
Rakvere
17119
Kabala
17119
13127
Sonda
Jaama street
Kiviõli
13103
Püssi
Kohtla
13126
ViivikonnaKohtla-Järve
freight line
Jõhvi
Tabliczka E264.svgM3-EE.svg E264 / P3
13138
Oru
Freight line
to Port of Sillamäe
Freight line
to Viivikonna
13106
Vaivara
Freight line
to Eesti Power Plant
Auvere
13145
Soldina
13148
Freight line
to Balti Power Plant
13109
Narva
Tallinn–Viljandi line
Tallinn Mainline rail interchangeTram interchange
Tallinn-Väike
Liiva
Valdeku
Männiku
Saku
Kasemetsa
Kiisa
Roobuka
Vilivere
Kohila
Lohu
Hagudi
Rapla
Keava
Lelle
Käru
Kolu
Türi
Taikse
Kärevere
Ollepa
Võhma
Olustvere
Sürgavere
Viljandi

Tallinn commuter rail

Tallinn–Aegviidu line
Tallinn Mainline rail interchangeTram interchange
Kitseküla
Ülemiste Tallinn Airport
Vesse
Lagedi
Kulli
Aruküla
Raasiku
Parila
Kehra
AavojaJägala canal
Lahinguvälja
Mustjõe
Mustjõgi
Aegviidu
Tallinn–Turba/Paldiski line
Tallinn Mainline rail interchangeTram interchange
Lilleküla
Tondi Tram interchange
Järve
Rahumäe
Nõmme
Hiiu
Kivimäe
Pääsküla
Laagri
Pääsküla River
Urda
Padula
Saue
Valingu
Keila
Niitvälja
Klooga
Klooga-rand
Klooga-Aedlinn
Põllküla
Laoküla
Paldiski ferry/water interchange
Kulna
Vasalemma
Kibuna
Laitse
Jaanika
Riisipere
Turba
Ellamaa
Metsa
Risti
Vaharu
Palivere
Nigula
Taebla
Ridala
Uuemõisa
Haapsalu Heritage railway
Rohuküla ferry/water interchange

The company was founded as a subsidiary of Eesti Raudtee in 1998, and separated shortly thereafter.[1] Prior to 2014, the company operated exclusively the electrified commuter rail system in Harjumaa, and was known until October 2013 as Elektriraudtee, i.e. "the Electrical Railway". On 1 January 2014 Elron took over all domestic passenger train services in Estonia from Edelaraudtee.

NetworkEdit

Inter-city railEdit

Elron operates inter-city trains from Tallinn's Balti jaam on several lines: Tallinn–TartuValga (connecting to Pasažieru vilciens trains to Riga), Tallinn–Tartu–Koidula, Tallinn–Narva, and Tallinn–Viljandi.

Services on the Tallinn–Pärnu route ended in December 2018. The line required substantial upgrading and it was not felt worthwhile spending the money required for this around 8 years before Rail Baltica is due to provide much faster service to Pärnu.[2]

Tallinn commuter railEdit

 
A commuter train to Aegviidu at Balti jaam in Tallinn

Tallinn's commuter rail network is electrified, and it extends east and west from Balti jaam, the total length of the network being 132 km (82 mi). The eastbound line goes to Aegviidu. The westbound line goes to the town of Keila, where it divides into two branches continuing towards the cargo-harbour city of Paldiski and inland to Turba. The Paldiski branch splits at Klooga, with a short spur going to the beach at Klooga-rand.

Work to upgrade track and the stations took place in the early 2010s.[3]

Rolling stockEdit

 
Stadler Flirt in Keila

Elron currently uses 38 Stadler FLIRT electric and diesel-electric trains.

Delivery of the 12 three-car and 6 four-car EMU and 6 two-car, 8 three-car and 6 four-car DEMU[4] trains built by Stadler Rail started in 2012; by June 2014 all trains had arrived in Estonia.[5][6] As of 2015, all of the old Soviet trains were retired.

As of June 2019, Elron received permission to purchase 4 new hybrid trains with an option to add 2 electric trains. The decision was due to overcrowding (as of 2019) on the most popular routes, given an increase of passenger number of more than a third since the replacement of the rolling stock with the Stadler fleet in 2014.[7]

Elron announced in October 2020 that Škoda Transportation won the procurement for six new electric trains with an option to buy 10 more. Škoda will provide six dual system electric trains (Škoda 21Ev, InterPanter), currently set to begin operating on the electrified Tallinn-Tartu route in December, 2024. The total sum of the six trains is €56.2 million, and the handover will be carried out in the second half of 2024. The trains are planned to have a number of replaceable seats that can be moved to create more space for bicycles in warm months and for more seating in colder months.[8] The Škoda and Stadler trains will be in operation simultaneously beginning from 2024.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Metros". Railway Gazette International. 1 April 2000.
  2. ^ "Estonia to close railway line and wait for Rail Baltica".
  3. ^ "Video about railways construction". Nõmme TV. 27 June 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-07-08.
  4. ^ est-train.ertas.eu/dr/dmutab.php?lng=eng
  5. ^ "Elektriraudtee | Ajakava". Archived from the original on 2013-06-10. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
  6. ^ "Elektriraudtee orders Stadler Flirt trains". Railway Gazette International. 12 April 2010.
  7. ^ ERR, BNS | (2019-06-13). "Estonian government gives Elron permission to buy new trains". ERR. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  8. ^ ""Škoda winner in Elron procurement for six new trains in 2024"".

External linksEdit

  Media related to Elron at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 59°21′53″N 24°38′00″E / 59.364829°N 24.633316°E / 59.364829; 24.633316