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Elmo is a red Muppet monster character on the long-running PBS/HBO children's television show Sesame Street. A furry red monster with a falsetto voice, he has illeism, and also hosts the last full five-minute segment (fifteen minutes prior to 2017) on Sesame Street, "Elmo's World", which is aimed at toddlers. He was most often puppeteered by Kevin Clash, but since his resignation in late 2012, he has been puppeteered by Ryan Dillon.
|Sesame Street character|
|First appearance||1980 (season 11)|
|Portrayed by||Principal performers|
Kevin Clash (1985–2012)
Ryan Dillon (2013–present)
see all below
|Species||Sesame Street Muppet Monster|
|Family||Louie and Mae (parents)|
Cousin Pepe (cousin from Mexico)
Elmo-noske (cousin from Japan)
Elmer (cousin from Texas)
Elmo's Grandma and Grandpa
Elmo's Great Grandmother
Elmo (great-great grandfather and namesake)
Chester's parents (aunt and uncle)
Funella Furchester (aunt)
Furgus Fuzz (uncle)
Phoebe Furchester-Fuzz (cousin)
Elmo is self-described as three-and-a-half years old and his birthday is on February 3. Elmo characteristically avoids pronouns in reference to himself, instead referring to himself in the third person (e.g. saying "Elmo wants this" instead of "I want this"). Sesame Street staff writer Nancy Sans once described Elmo's origins: "There was this extra red puppet lying around and the cast would pick him up sometimes and try to create a personality, but nothing seemed to materialize."
The character of Elmo was originally conceived as a supporting character and background character in 1979, first appearing in the Sesame Street song "We Are All Monsters", which first aired in a Season 11 episode during 1980. Elmo became a named and recurring character on Sesame Street (during the street storylines) sometime later that season, although he still appeared as a supporting character in segments in later episodes of the show at the time. The character was performed by a rotating ensemble of Muppet performers such as Jerry Nelson and Kathryn Mullen while he was a background character in such Sesame Street segments from 1980-1984. As a named character, Elmo was performed by Brian Muehl from 1980 to 1984, and later Richard Hunt from 1984 to 1985 upon Muehl's departure. However in 1985, Hunt was so frustrated with the puppet, he squeezed it and threw it at Kevin Clash, who then performed Elmo. Clash said that Elmo should be a character who is kind and loving. Sans continues that "one day in 1985, Kevin Clash, a talented puppeteer, raised him up and brought energy and life into Elmo and from that day forward we would all write for Elmo. Kevin's performance inspired the writers to develop Elmo's character". John Tartaglia, Matt Vogel, and Jim Martin have all been secondary performers for the character, providing movement for Elmo's arms and legs, particularly in green-screen shots.
Alongside Cookie Monster, Elmo has appeared in The Furchester Hotel, where he is taking an extended stay because of his fascination with the Furchester Hotel. His father Louie is the brother of Funella Furchester.
After becoming a regular guest on The Rosie O'Donnell Show, Elmo began touring the talk-show circuit. He has appeared on Martha Stewart Living and Martha, The Tony Danza Show, Rove Live, Wait Wait...Don't Tell Me!, and The View. Elmo and a developmental expert gave babysitting tips on the June 18, 2005, episode of Teen Kids News. He has also appeared on Emeril Live, helping Emeril make (non-alcoholic) eggnog during a Holiday Special shown in December 2008. Kevin Clash and Aaron Neville were also guests on this show. On a special episode of Oprah called "The Faces Behind the Famous Names", Kevin Clash and Elmo appeared at the same time.
Elmo also appeared in a fifth-season episode of The West Wing along with his friends Zoe and Big Bird. In that episode, Elmo receives a medical checkup from Abbey Bartlet, the First Lady (who is making a guest appearance on Sesame Street), and cheekily questions her about the validity of her medical license.
Elmo also appeared in the eighth season episode of Scrubs, "My ABC's", along with Oscar the Grouch, Grover, and an Anything Muppet named "Ex Ray". All four characters are in separate fantasies of J.D.'s in the episode.
At the request and with the assistance of Rep. Duke Cunningham, he testified before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services and Education in April 2002, urging support for increased funding in music education.
Emeril and Elmo's Healthy Start was a special featuring Elmo and Emeril Lagasse that aired on November 4, 2005 at 8 p.m. as part of the Food Network's second annual "Cook With Your Kids Week". The special was produced in conjunction with Sesame Workshop's Healthy Habits for Life program.
Elmo has also made many appearances on The Simpsons.
Some fans of Sesame Street have complained that Elmo's prominent status has caused roles to be greatly reduced for some older characters, such as Oscar the Grouch, Big Bird, Count von Count, Bert and Ernie, Grover, and Cookie Monster. Elmo has been referred to as the "Little Red Menace" by several Sesame Street traditionalists. Some fans also blame Elmo for the semi-permanent departure of Kermit the Frog from Sesame Street.
In its FAQ, the Sesame Workshop addresses the allegation that Elmo referring to himself in the third person will teach children improper English, by stating that this behavior "mimics the behavior of many preschoolers. Like 3-year-olds, he doesn't always have the skills or knowledge to speak proper English."
- Jerry Nelson (early 1980s)
- Kathryn Mullen (early 1980s)
- Brian Muehl (1980–1984)
- Richard Hunt (1984–1985)
- Kōji Ochiai (Japanese NHK dub of Sesame Street)
- Kenta Matsumoto (Japanese, TV Tokyo)
- Davide Garbolino (Italian version of Elmo's World)
- Eduardo Garza (Mexican Spanish, Latin Spanish dub of Elmo's World)
- Igor Cruz (Mexican Spanish)
- Sabine Falkenberg (German)
- Hein Boele (Dutch dub of Sesamestreet)
- Jogchem Jalink (Puppeteer of the Elmo replica puppet used on the Dutch version of Sesamestreet)
- Tomasz Bednarek (Polish version of Elmo's World)
- Damon Berry (Takalani Sesame, known as "Neno")
- Christophe Albertini (5, Rue Sésame)
- Ariel Doron (Rechov Sumsum)
- Sesame Street (September 16, 2014). "Sesame Street: Lupita Nyong'o Loves Her Skin". YouTube. Archived from the original on November 18, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- "'The Muppets': Where's Elmo?". The Hollywood Reporter. November 17, 2011.
- "Ryan Dillon is the New Voice of Elmo". DailyEntertainmentNews.com. April 2, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "Elmo left behind on 'Sesame Street' as puppeteer Kevin Clash exits amid underage sex scandal". The New York Times. November 21, 2012.
- "This Week in Sesame Street: Elmo's Birthday". Sesame Workshop.
- "Why does Elmo refer to himself in the third person? Won't this teach kids improper English?". Frequently Asked Questions. Sesame Workshop. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2008.
- Rhoades, Shirrel (December 20, 2011). "Being Elmo". Tropic Cinema. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
- Shon, Debora (January 31, 2006). "Sesame Street will spend this weekend in Poughkeepsie". Poughkeepsie Journal.
- "Sesame Workshop to debut 'The Not-Too-Late Show with Elmo' on HBO MAX on Tuesday, May 27, 2020 | Sesame Workshop". www.sesameworkshop.org.
- "Wait Wait...Don't Tell Me!". NPR. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "A Guy's Guide to Oprah: 'Barbie, Marc Jacobs, Jimmy Choo, and Elmo'". Aguysguidetooprah.com. June 2008. Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "Mr. Elmo goes to Washington". CNN. April 24, 2002. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "Just Tickled". People. Vol. 47 No. 1.
- "Jumptheshark.com". Archived from the original on October 10, 2007.
- "Elmo dethrones Big Bird" dead link at the Wayback Machine (archived August 23, 2010), Kim Lyons, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 11, 2006
- Tickle Elmo
- Elmo's World
- Downloadable 15-minute interview with Elmo voice and puppeteer Kevin Clash from Wisconsin Public Television – Kevin Clash talks about how he became Elmo and how the Muppet is able to affect children's lives
- "Sesame Street: A YouTube Interview with Elmo" – Sesame Street Official Channel, YouTube
- Cinderelmo at IMDb