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Elm Springs, Arkansas

Elm Springs is a city in Benton and Washington counties, Arkansas, United States. The community is located between the Boston Mountains and the Springfield Plateau within the Ozark Mountains. Initially a community surrounding a spring-fed mill, the community flourished even after the mill's destruction during the Civil War.[3]

Elm Springs, Arkansas
City
Official seal of Elm Springs, Arkansas
Seal
Location of Elm Springs in Benton County and Washington County, Arkansas.
Location of Elm Springs in Benton County and Washington County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°12′27″N 94°13′17″W / 36.20750°N 94.22139°W / 36.20750; -94.22139Coordinates: 36°12′27″N 94°13′17″W / 36.20750°N 94.22139°W / 36.20750; -94.22139
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountiesWashington, Benton
Founded1832
IncorporatedMay 23, 1917
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • MayorHarold Douthit
 • Chief of PoliceJason Hiatt
Area[1]
 • Total5.78 sq mi (14.97 km2)
 • Land5.74 sq mi (14.88 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation1,184 ft (361 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,535
 • Estimate (2017)[2]2,320
 • Density403.90/sq mi (155.95/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code72728
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-21430
GNIS feature ID0076873
Websitewww.elmsprings.net

Located immediately west of Springdale in the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Elm Springs has been gaining population in recent years, including a 47% increase in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first permanent settlement at Elm Springs was made in the 1840s.[5] The town took its name from a large spring near the original town site.[5]

GeographyEdit

Elm Springs is located at 36°12′27″N 94°13′17″W / 36.20750°N 94.22139°W / 36.20750; -94.22139 (36.207590, -94.221515).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.79 square miles (15.0 km2).

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1930182
1940156−14.3%
195021739.1%
19602389.7%
19702609.2%
1980781200.4%
199089314.3%
20001,04416.9%
20101,53547.0%
Est. 20172,320[2]51.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2015 Estimate,[8] Encyclopedia of Arkansas
History and Culture

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 1,535 people, 527 households, and 439 families residing in the city. The population density was 276.9 people per square mile (106.9/km²). There were 577 housing units at an average density of 108.7/sq mi (42.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.4% White, 1.2% Black or African American, 1.4% Native American, 2.9% Asian, .2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 8.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 527 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.3 males.

In 2000, The median income for a household in the city was $40,703, and the median income for a family was $45,536. Males had a median income of $30,550 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,551. About 8.6% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

ChurchesEdit

Elm Springs Assembly of God, Elm Springs United Methodist Church, Faith Regular Baptist Church

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Points of interestEdit

  • Lake Elmdale, a popular fishing and bird-watching location built and maintained by the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission.
  • Elm Springs Heritage Center[10]
  • Steele-Stevens Heritage Park, located around the city's namesake spring.

Notable personEdit

  • Willis Shaw (1918 - 2014), founder of Willis Shaw Express trucking company.[11]

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "Elm Springs (Washington and Benton Counties) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  4. ^ Teske, Steven (January 17, 2013). "Elm Springs (Washington and Benton Counties)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  5. ^ a b History of Benton, Washington, Carroll, Madison, Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian Counties, Arkansas. Higginson Book Company. 1889. p. 262.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved June 26, 2016.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Heritage Center Of Elm Springs". arkansas.com. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  11. ^ "Founder of Willis Shaw Express dead at 95". NWADG.com. Retrieved 2017-03-13.