Elizabeth Wolff Mayer (1884– 14 March 1970) was a German-born American translator and editor, closely associated with W. H. Auden, Benjamin Britten, Peter Pears, and other writers and musicians. After emigrating to the United States in the 1940s she used her homes in Long Island and New York City as salons for visiting artists.
Elizabeth Mayer was born in Germany and spent her early life in Munich. Her father had been chaplain to the Grand Duke of Mecklenberg; she studied music and was a skilled pianist. She was married to the psychiatrist, William Mayer, with whom she had two sons and two daughters. She worked as a translator in Germany, and visited D.H. Lawrence in Irschenhausen in 1927, where they discussed translation techniques. The Mayers moved to the United States in 1936 in order to flee Nazi persecution.
Her homes in Long Island and New York City were used as a salon for artists. Between 1939 and 1940, Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears stayed at her Long Island Home. Britten described her as "one of those grand people who have been essential through the ages for the production of art; really sympathetic and enthusiastic, with instinctive good taste". W.H. Auden wrote about "a house in Amityville, Long Island, the home of Dr. William and Elizabeth Mayer, where Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears stayed ... a house which played an important role in the lives of all three of us. It was during this period that Britten wrote his first opera, and I my first libretto".
Mayer died on March 14, 1970.
In collaboration with Marianne Moore she translated Adalbert Stifter's Bergkristall (Rock Crystal 1945). The Philadelphia Inquirer wrote that their translation "reflects the classic perfection of the original." Hannah Arendt also found the translation perfect.
In collaboration with Louise Bogan she translated Ernst Jünger's The Glass Bees (1961), Goethe's Elective Affinities (1963) and The Sorrows of Young Werther and Novella (both in 1 vol., 1971). One reviewer of Elective Affinities found the beginning "promising": by "tak[ing] liberties with the original text, .. [they] thereby win the modern reader's interest", but considered it "colorless, rather than timeless" overall. A New York Times reviewer wrote that the work on Elective Affinities was an "excellent translation--the only readable one I have come across", while a Washington Post reviewer wrote that their translation was his favorite.
With W. H. Auden, she translated Goethe's Italian Journey (1962). Douglas Pringle wrote in the Sydney Morning Herald that this was a "very lively translation." She also translated Hans Graf von Lehndorff's Token of a Covenant: Diary of an East Prussian Surgeon, 1945-47 (1965).
With Peter Pears, Mayer also prepared translations for Benjamin Britten, for inclusion in programs or scores of songs in Italian, German and Russian which he had set to music.
She was the dedicatee and recipient of Auden's poem New Year Letter and the book that included it, The Double Man (1941). In New Year Letter, Auden described her "learned peacefulness"; he regarded her the emotional equivalent of a mother, and was close to her for many years. Near the end of her life he wrote about her (without naming her) in his poem Old People's Home, and in Lines for Elizabeth Mayer, in About the House.
Elizabeth Mayer is the dedicatee of “Hymn To St. Cecilia,” Op. 27, as well as the sixth section, titled "Interlude," of Britten's "Les Illuminations," Op. 18, settings of Rimbaud for high voice and string orchestra.
- "Obituary - Elizabeth Wolff Mayer". Daily News. New York, New York. 16 March 1970. p. 60. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- "Obituaries: Reverend Michael G. Mayer". The News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware. 23 December 2007. p. B4. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Arnold, Armin (December 1968). "Genius with a Dictionary: Reevaluating D. H. Lawrence's Translations". Comparative Literature Studies. Penn State University Press. 5 (4): 392. JSTOR 40467785.
- "Elizabeth Wolff Mayer, 85, German‐English Translator". The New York Times. 1970-03-15. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-03-31.
- McCall Smith, Alexander (2013). "Love Illuminates Again..." (PDF). What W. H. Auden Can Do for You. Princeton University Press. p. 1. ISBN 9781400847976 – via Project MUSE and Princeton University Press.
- "Elizabeth Mayer". New York Review Books. Retrieved 2019-03-31.
- Auden, W. H. (2015-06-10). "When Auden Met Britten". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 2019-03-31.
- Bond, Timothy (2004). "Britten's music for organ: some new discoveries". The Musical Times. 145 (1887): 51–57. doi:10.2307/4149146. JSTOR 4149146. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Greenfield, Edward (10 June 1988). "Bunyan's Progress". The Guardian. p. 32. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Britten, Benjamin (9 July 1991). "Benjamin Britten's Letters, Part Two". The Observer Review. pp. 49–50. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
Extracts from 'Letters from a Life: Selected Letters and Diaries of Benjamin Britten 1923-45'. To Enid Slater, from Amityville, Long Island, N.Y., 7 November 1939
- Peters, Frank (20 May 1984). "The Voice of the American Gargantua As Two Bright Young Britons Heard It". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St Louis, Missouri. p. 5B. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "An Exquisite Christmas Tale". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 2 December 1945. Retrieved 31 March 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Arendt, Hannah; Gottlieb, Susannah Young-ah (editor) (2007). "12. Great Friend of Reality. Adalbert Stifter". Reflections on Literature and Culture. Stanford University Press. p. 113. ISBN 9780804744997. Retrieved 6 April 2019.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Steinhauer, Harry (May 1967). "Reviewed Work: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Elective Affinities by Elizabeth Mayer, Louise Bogan". The German Quarterly. 40 (3): 439–442. doi:10.2307/402416. JSTOR 402416.
- "Speaking of Books". The New York Times. 1964-10-18. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-03-31.
- Dirda, Michael (17 May 2017). "A new look at Goethe, a one-time cultural celebrity". The Washington Post. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Nicolson, Harold (18 November 1962). "Goethe's grand tour". The Observer Weekend Review. p. 26. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- Pringle, John Douglas (5 March 1983). "Rediscover Goethe While He 'Finds Himself' in Italy". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 31 March 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Low, Peter (2013). "Purposeful Translating: The Case of Britten's Vocal Music". In Minors, Helen Julia (ed.). Music, Text and Translation. A&C Black. p. 70. ISBN 9781441173089. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Waldson, H. M. (April 1975). "Auden and German Literature". Modern Language Review. 70 (2): 347–365. doi:10.2307/3724286. ISSN 0026-7937. JSTOR 3724286. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- Smith, Alexander McCall (2013). What W. H. Auden Can Do for You. Princeton University Press. p. 1. ISBN 9781400847976. Retrieved 1 April 2019.