Elisabeth Tamm (30 June 1880, at the manor Fogelstad in Julita, Södermanlands län – 23 September 1958) was a Swedish liberal politician and women's rights activist. She was known in the parliament as Tamm i Fogelstad ('Tamm of Fogelstad').

Elisabeth Tamm
Elisabeth Tamm.
Born30 June 1880 Edit this on Wikidata
Julita Edit this on Wikidata
Died23 September 1958 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 78)
Julita Edit this on Wikidata
Resting placeJulita Church Edit this on Wikidata
Other namesLisse Edit this on Wikidata
OccupationPolitician and activist
Political partyFree-minded National Association,  Edit this on Wikidata
  • August Tamm Edit this on Wikidata
  • Emma Ebba Helena Hedvig Charlotta Åkerhjelm Edit this on Wikidata
Position heldmember of the Second Chamber (1922–1924) Edit this on Wikidata

Life edit

She was the eldest daughter and heiress of the Parliamentarian and landowner August Tamm and Baroness Emma Åkerhielm af Margrethelund. She and her sister Märta were schooled at home by a governess, and were also instructed by their father in managing an estate. Elisabeth attended lectures at Uppsala University; however, in 1905 she inherited Fogelstad Manor from her father, and abandoned her plans to study in order to attend to her estate. She never married.

Her father being a politician, Tamm showed an early interest in politics and the growing women's movement.

Political career edit

Fogelstadgruppen. From the left: Elisabeth Tamm, Ada Nilsson, Kerstin Hesselgren (sitting), Honorine Hermelin, Elin Wägner.

Being an unmarried woman of legal majority as well as a wealthy property owner, she fulfilled the criteria making her qualified to vote in municipal elections in accordance with the 1862 law, and when women became eligible for municipal elections in 1909, she became engaged in local politics.

She was the deputy chairman of the Communal Council of Julita in 1913, the chairman in 1916, and a member of the board of directors of the city council from 1919 to 1930. She was chairman of the independent politically unaffiliated women's organisation Frisinnade kvinnors riksförbund of Södermanland from 1922 to 1931, and municipal communal speaker for Julita from 1933 to 1936.

In 1921, she became one of the five first women to be elected to the Swedish Parliament after women's suffrage, alongside Nelly Thüring (Social Democrat), Agda Östlund (Social Democrat) and Bertha Wellin (Conservative) in the Lower house (Andra kammaren), and Kerstin Hesselgren in the Upper house (Första kammaren). She focused on women's rights issues, such as equal salaries for women and the access to all official professions for both sexes; the latter issue was addressed between 1919 and 1925 through the Behörighetslagen. She was originally involved with the Liberal Party, but was an independent from 1924. She served as a member of parliament until 1924.

She continued to be active in municipal politics after she left parliament. She retired from politics for health reasons in 1936.

Women's rights work edit

Tamm wrote for the women's rights movement papers Tidevarvet and Vi kvinnor. She also founded and financed Tidevarvet and a Norwegian women's magazine, Kvinnen og Tiden (1945–1955).[1]

In 1925, she initiated the Kvinnliga Medborgarskolan ('Citizens' School for Women') on her estate Fogelstad, where she served as chairman. She was also active in ecology and wrote the book Fred med jorden ('Peace with Earth') with Elin Wägner in 1940.[citation needed] Tamm was elected in 1953 to serve on the Executive Council of the Women's International Democratic Federation.[2]

References edit

  1. ^ Ebba Witt-Brattström. "From Man to Child". Nordic Women's Literature. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Executive Committee of the Women's International Democratic Federation". As One! For Equality, For Happiness, For Peace (Report). East Berlin, East Germany: Women's International Democratic Federation. 1953. pp. 264–265. Retrieved 23 November 2023. – via ASP: Women and Social Movements (subscription required)
  • Tvåkammarriksdagen 1867-1970 (Almqvist & Wiksell International 1988), band 1, s. 398
  • Hvar 8 dag – illustreradt magasin 1921-1922, Bonniers tryckeri, Göteborg 1922 s.34
  • Elisabeth Tamm på Fogelstad – liv och verk, Hjördis Levin (2003)

Further reading edit