Eli May Saulsbury (December 29, 1817 – March 22, 1893) was an American lawyer and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as U.S. Senator from Delaware.
Eli M. Saulsbury
|United States Senator|
March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1889
|Preceded by||Willard Saulsbury Sr.|
|Succeeded by||Anthony Higgins|
|Member of the Delaware House of Representatives|
|Born||December 29, 1817|
Kent County, Delaware
|Died||March 22, 1893 (aged 75)|
|Alma mater||Dickinson College|
Early life and familyEdit
Saulsbury was born in Mispillion Hundred, Kent County, Delaware, son of William & Margaret Ann Smith Saulsbury. He was the middle brother of Governor Gove Saulsbury and U.S. Senator Willard Saulsbury Sr. Saulsbury was educated at Dickinson College, studied law, was admitted to the Delaware Bar in 1857, and began his practice in Dover, Delaware, where he lived.
Saulsbury served one term in the State House, during the 1853/54 session. In 1871 he successfully challenged his younger brother, incumbent U.S. Senator Willard Saulsbury Sr., for his seat in the U.S. Senate. He went on to win three full terms but was defeated in an attempt for a fourth term by Republican candidate Anthony Higgins. He was in office from March 4, 1871, until March 3, 1889, and served on the Committee on Privileges and Elections in the 46th Congress, and the Committee on Engrossed Bills in the 47th Congress through the 50th Congress.
He opposed Civil Rights for African Americans in 1873.
Death and legacyEdit
Saulsbury died at Dover and is buried there in the Silver Lake Cemetery.
Elections are held the first week of November. Members of the Delaware General Assembly take office the first week of January. The State House has a term of two years. The General Assembly chose the U.S. Senators, who took office March 4 for a six-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Began office||Ended office||notes|
|State Representative||Legislature||Dover||January 4, 1853||January 2, 1855|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||March 4, 1871||March 3, 1877|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||March 4, 1877||March 3, 1883|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||March 4, 1883||March 3, 1889|
|Delaware General Assembly service|
|1853/54||67th||State House||Democratic||William H.H. Ross||Kent at-large|
|United States Congressional service|
|1871–1873||42nd||U.S. Senate||Republican||Ulysses S. Grant||class 2|
|1873–1875||43rd||U.S. Senate||Republican||Ulysses S. Grant||class 2|
|1875–1877||44th||U.S. Senate||Republican||Ulysses S. Grant||class 2|
|1877–1879||45th||U.S. Senate||Republican||Rutherford B. Hayes||class 2|
|1879–1881||46th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Rutherford B. Hayes||class 2|
|1881–1883||47th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
|1883–1885||48th||U.S. Senate||Republican||Chester A. Arthur||class 2|
|1885–1887||49th||U.S. Senate||Republican||Grover Cleveland||class 2|
|1887–1889||50th||U.S. Senate||Republican||Grover Cleveland||class 2|
- Hoffecker, Carol E. (2004). Democracy in Delaware. Cedar Tree Books, Wilmington. ISBN 1-892142-23-6.
- Munroe, John A. (1993). History of Delaware. University of Delaware Press. ISBN 0-87413-493-5.
- Scharf, John Thomas. (1888). History of Delaware 1609-1888. 2 vols. L. J. Richards & Co., Philadelphia.
- Conrad, Henry C. (1908). History of the State of Delaware, 3 vols. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Wickersham Company.