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Elgin Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

CreationEdit

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland burgh constituencies of Elgin, Banff, Cullen, Inverurie and Kintore.

HistoryEdit

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until the seat was abolished in 1918.[1][2][3][4][5]

In 1918, Elgin became part of Moray and Nairn, Banff and Cullen part of Banffshire, Inverurie and Kintore part of Kincardine and Aberdeenshire West and Peterhead part of East Aberdeen and Kincardine.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Andrew Leith Hay 311 51.2 N/A
Conservative Thomas Abercromby Duff[12] 297 48.8 N/A
Majority 14 2.3 N/A
Turnout 608 70.9 N/A
Registered electors 857
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1847: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Skene Duff 242 41.7 N/A
Conservative Alexander Bannerman[13] 192 33.0 −15.8
Whig Andrew Leith Hay 147 25.3 −25.9
Majority 50 8.6 +6.3
Turnout 581 67.4 −3.5
Registered electors 862
Whig hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Skene Duff Unopposed
Registered electors 988
Whig hold
General election 1857: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Skene Duff Unopposed
Registered electors 967
Whig hold

Duff resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.

By-election, 19 December 1857: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig M. E. Grant Duff Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1859: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal M. E. Grant Duff Unopposed
Registered electors 969
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal M. E. Grant Duff Unopposed
Registered electors 1,059
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Elgin Burghs[11][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal M. E. Grant Duff Unopposed
Registered electors 2,962
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal M. E. Grant Duff Unopposed
Registered electors 3,501
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal M. E. Grant Duff 2,082 73.2 N/A
Conservative James Mackenzie Maclean 764 26.8 N/A
Majority 1,318 46.3 N/A
Turnout 2,846 74.8 N/A
Registered electors 3,806
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Duff resigned after being appointed Governor of Madras, causing a by-election.

By-election, 15 Jul 1881: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher Unopposed
Liberal hold

Asher was appointed as Solicitor General for Scotland, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 27 Aug 1881: Elgin Burghs[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1885: Elgin Burghs[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher Unopposed
Liberal hold

Asher was re-appointed as Solicitor General for Scotland, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 12 Feb 1886: Elgin Burghs[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1886: Elgin Burghs[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1890sEdit

 
Alexander Asher
General election 1892: Elgin Burghs[17][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher 1,668 59.7 N/A
Conservative James Augustus Grant 1,127 40.3 N/A
Majority 541 19.4 N/A
Turnout 2,795 66.8 N/A
Registered electors 4,182
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Asher is appointed Solicitor General for Scotland, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 1892: Elgin Burghs[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1895: Elgin Burghs[18][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher 1,853 61.5 +1.8
Liberal Unionist Charles Thomas Gordon 1,161 38.5 −1.8
Majority 692 23.0 +3.6
Turnout 3,014 67.9 +1.1
Registered electors 4,440
Liberal hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Elgin Burghs[18][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Asher 1,744 59.5 −2.0
Conservative John Moffatt 1,187 40.5 +2.0
Majority 557 19.0 −4.0
Turnout 2,931 64.6 −3.3
Registered electors 4,535
Liberal hold Swing −2.0
Elgin Burghs by-election, 1905[19][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Sutherland 2,474 70.8 +11.3
Conservative Patrick Rose-Innes 1,021 29.2 −11.3
Majority 1,453 41.6 +22.6
Turnout 3,495 73.6 +9.0
Registered electors 4,748
Liberal hold Swing +11.3
General election 1906: Elgin Burghs[20][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Sutherland 2,742 77.7 +18.2
Conservative Evan N B Mackenzie 786 22.3 −18.2
Majority 1,956 55.4 +36.4
Turnout 3,528 72.5 +7.9
Registered electors 4,867
Liberal hold Swing +18.2

Elections in the 1910sEdit

 
W.G. Black
General election Jan 1910: Elgin Burghs[21][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Sutherland 3,031 71.6 -6.1
Liberal Unionist William George Black 1,201 28.4 +6.1
Majority 1,830 43.2 -12.2
Turnout 79.8
Liberal hold Swing -6.1
General election Dec 1910: Elgin Burghs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Sutherland Unopposed
Liberal hold
 
Charles Barrie
Elgin Burghs by-election, 1918[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Barrie Unopposed
Liberal hold

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Elgin Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Elgin Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Elgin Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Elgin Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Elgin Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)
  7. ^ a b c d e Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 201. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ a b Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 114. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ a b "Evening Mail". 30 June 1841. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Parliament Adjourned". Inverness Courier. 17 December 1857. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  12. ^ Barrow, John Henry, ed. (1841). The Mirror of Parliament for the First Session of the Fourteenth Parliament of Great Britain and Ireland, in the Fifth Year of the Reign of Queen Victoria, Appointed to Meet August 19. and From Thence Continued Till October 7. 1841. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans; John Murray; and, J. Richards & Co. p. 277. Retrieved 16 August 2019 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ "The Elgin Burghs". John o'Groat Journal. 2 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 16 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
  15. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  18. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  19. ^ The Times, 11 September 1905, p4
  20. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  21. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  22. ^ The Times, 26 October 1918

See alsoEdit