|• Total||15.59 km2 (6.02 sq mi)|
|Elevation||530 m (1,740 ft)|
|825 m (2,707 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||494 m (1,621 ft)|
|• Density||310/km2 (810/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)|
|Surrounded by||Aadorf (TG), Bertschikon bei Attikon, Elsau, Hagenbuch, Hofstetten bei Elgg|
|Twin towns||Wenigzell (Austria), Mafi Kumase (Ghana)|
Äschli (Ash Wednesday custom)Edit
Äachli, or in English Ash Wednesday custom, is a 500-year-old custom, which takes place on Ash Wednesday with the boys parade as its annual highlight. The origin lies in the pre-Reformation period, when musters were conducted for Elgg's Militia or mercenaries. The exact origin is unknown. However, it is mentioned in the 1628 parish priest Fasi book that the boys' parade in Elgg is a very old custom.
Aschermittwoch-Gesellschaft, which was founded in 1914 and currently has around 650 members, has committed themselves to this tradition.
Every year on New Year's young and old gathered at the Ober Tor, where the boys of Elgg, age 5-16, select in an open vote the respective Äschlihauptmann and the entire company.
From New Year until Ash Wednesday, exercises are then alternately held on Saturdays and Sundays.
Elgg has an area of 15.6 km2 (6.0 sq mi). Of this area, 45.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 41.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 12.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 8% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (4.3%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.3% of the area. As of 2007[update] 7.9% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
Elgg has a population (as of 31 December 2019) of 4,942. As of 2007[update], 12.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 49.7% male and 50.3% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 4.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (90.8%), with Albanian being second most common (3.0%) and Italian being third (2.3%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 24.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 59.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 15.7%. In Elgg about 79.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 1502 households in Elgg.
Elgg has an unemployment rate of 1.98%. As of 2005[update], there were 104 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 30 businesses involved in this sector. 471 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 46 businesses in this sector. 742 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 112 businesses in this sector. As of 2007[update] 48.8% of the working population were employed full-time, and 51.2% were employed part-time.
As of 2008[update] there were 825 Catholics and 1959 Protestants in Elgg. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census[update], 58.1% were some type of Protestant, with 54% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 4.2% belonging to other Protestant churches. 22.5% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 6.9% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.5% did not give a religion, and 8.7% were atheist or agnostic.
The historical population is given in the following table:
- "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Elgg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine accessed 14-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich (in German) accessed 4 August 2009
- "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
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