Electrovaya Inc. is a developer and manufacturer of portable Lithium-ion batteries and battery management systems for the automotive, warehousing, autonomous guided vehicles, power grid, medical, and mobile device sectors. The company is based in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.

IndustryLitihum-ion battery
  • Dr. Sankar Das Gupta
  • Dr. Jim Jacobs
Key people
  • Dr. Sankar Das Gupta
Number of employees
53 (December 2019)
  • Evonik Litarion GmbH
  • Miljobil Grenland AS


The company was founded by Dr. Sankar Das Gupta and Dr. Jim Jacobs in 1996 after beginning their research into battery technologies in 1983. The company went public in 2000, and is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol EFL.

Electrovaya owns over 100 patents (issued and pending) pertaining to electrode and electrolyte materials, battery architectures, battery system designs, battery management systems, and battery manufacturing methods.[1][2]

In addition to developing batteries for electric vehicle and grid storage applications, Electrovaya were among the first developers of mobile battery chargers for electronic devices, releasing the Powerpad in 2001.[3][4] This technology was the predecessor to the battery used in the Scribbler tablet computer series.[5][6] Electrovaya technology has also been used by NASA in their EMU system.[7]

Electric vehiclesEdit

The Maya-300 concept car at the 2009 Canadian International Auto Show in Toronto
Electrovaya lift-truck battery

In 2003, Electrovaya released the Maya-100, a prototype Zero-emissions vehicle powered by lithium-ion batteries.[8] The Maya-100 debuted at the 20th International Electric Vehicle Symposium at Long Beach, CA, and won the Technology Innovation Award at the Tour de Sol in 2004.[9] In January 2008, Electrovaya launched the prototype Maya-300, a low-speed electric car for city driving.[10]

Tata Indica EVEdit

Electrovaya has partnered with Tata Motors and Miljø Grenland/Innovasjon to manufacture batteries and electric cars using Electrovaya’s Lithium Ion SuperPolymer battery technology.[11] The Tata Indica EV was scheduled to be launched in Norway in 2009 and India in 2010, projected to have a 200 km (120 mi) range on a full charge and a top speed of 105 kilometres per hour (65 mph).[12]


The first all-electric car-sharing program in the U.S. debuted at Baltimore's Inner Harbor with Electrovaya offering its Maya-300 for rent at the Maryland Science Center. The car could go up to 200 kilometres (120 mi) on one charge of its lithium-ion battery system, and had a top speed of 56 kilometres per hour (35 mph).[13]


Electrovaya purchased Daimler's 700 MWh/year battery factory in Europe in 2015 [14] to produce batteries for Daimler's Smart electric drive car from 2015-2018.[15]

Electric Lift-TrucksEdit

In 2017, Electrovaya released heavy-duty Li-ion batteries designed for near continuous use in electric lift-trucks.[16] In 2019 and 2020, the Raymond Corporation (a 100% subsidiary of Toyota) announced strategic agreements to use Electrovaya batteries as part of their electric forklift and battery product line.[17]

Autonomous Guided VehiclesEdit

Electrovaya developed and produced batteries suitable for smart-charging Autonomous guided vehicles, and partnered with Jabil to release an autonomous robot at ProMat 2019.[18]

Energy Storage SystemsEdit

Electrovaya stationary energy storage system in downtown Toronto

In 2013, Electrovaya delivered 25 stationary battery energy storage systems to Scottish and Southern Electricity Networks ranging from 12-80 kWh for integrating renewable energy into power grids.[19]

In 2015, Electrovaya installed a 450 kWh energy storage system for Glencore's microgrid at a remote mine in Northern Canada, allowing the use of alternate energy sources and reducing the use of diesel generators.[20]

In 2016, Electrovaya completed a pilot project with Toronto Hydro to develop a containerized 600 kWh battery to balance grid loads.[21]

Electrovaya also developed a transportable energy storage system for ConEdison capable of storing 800 kWh of energy to use during grid blackouts.[22]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Electrovaya Corporate Presentation" (PDF). Electrovaya. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Patent Search". Google. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Electrovaya Powerpad". Tom's Hardware. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Electrovaya Powerpad". CNET. 4 April 2004. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Electrovaya powers the Scribbler Tablet". Anandtech. 18 March 2003. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Electrovaya Scribbler Tablet". CNET. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Archived copy of NASA battery projects" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
  8. ^ "Electrovaya Releases the Maya-100". eepower.com. 16 November 2003. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Tour de Sol 2004 Report". Auto Auditorium. 6 May 2004. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Electrovaya Launches Maya-300 Low-Speed Electric Vehicle; Using ExxonMobil Separator in Batteries". Green Car Congress. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Electrovaya Partners with Tata Motors and Miljø to Launch Electric Car and Battery Production in Norway". Green Car Congress. 14 October 2008. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Tata Indica EV can go 200 km on a single charge with a top speed of 105 km/h". Autocar.co.uk. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Baltimore Electric Car Sharing". Wired. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Tiny Battery Company Electrovaya Is Taking on Tesla, Panasonic". Bloomberg.com. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Daimler's Battery Plant". Plant.ca. 20 February 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  16. ^ "Electrovaya ELivate". eepower.com. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Electrovaya/Raymond Agreement". Yahoo.com. 18 December 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Jabil AGV". Newswire. 26 March 2019. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  19. ^ "SSE Energy Storage". Globe Newswire. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  20. ^ "Glencore Mines". Globe Newswire. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  21. ^ "Toronto Hydro Storage project". Ryerson.ca. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  22. ^ "ConEd Grid Backup". GreenCarCongress. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2020.