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The Electress of the Palatinate (German: Kurfürstin von der Pfalz) was the consort of the Prince-elector of the Electorate of the Palatinate, one of the Empire's greatest princes.[1]

Contents

First Electorate, 1356–1648Edit

House of Wittelsbach, Main branch, 1356–1559Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
  Elisabeth of Namur John I, Marquis of Namur
(Dampierre)
1329 Autumn 1350
or
Summer 1358
10 January 1356
Raised to Electress
29 March 1382 Rupert I
  Beatrice of Berg William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg
(Jülich)
1360 before 14 November 1385 16 February 1390
husband's death
16 May 1395
  Elisabeth of Nuremberg Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg
(Hohenzollern)
1358 27 June 1374 6 January 1398
husband's accession
18 May 1410
husband's death
26 July 1411 Rupert III
  Matilda of Savoy Amadeus, Prince of Achaea
(Savoy)
1391/1400 30 November 1417 30 December 1436
husband's death
14 May 1438 Louis III
  Margaret of Savoy Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
1410s or 7 August 1420 18 October 1445 13 August 1449
husband's death
30 September 1479 Louis IV
  Margaret of Bavaria Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
7 November 1456 21 February 1474 12 December 1476
husband's accession
24/25 February 1501 Philip
  Sibylle of Bavaria Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
16 June 1489 23 February 1511 18 April 1519 Louis V
  Dorothea of Denmark Christian II of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
10 November 1520 26 September 1535 16 March 1544
husband's accession
26 February 1556
husband's death
31 May 1580 Frederick II

House of Palatinate-Simmern, 1559–1623Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
  Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(Hohenzollern)
14 October 1519 21 October 1537 12 February 1559
husband's accession
31 October 1567 Frederick III
  Amalia of Neuenahr Gumprecht II of Neuenahr-Alpen, Count of Limburg
(Neuenahr)
6 April 1539 25 April 1569 26 October 1576
husband's death
10 April 1602
  Elisabeth of Hesse Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
(Hesse)
13 February 1539 8 July 1560 26 October 1576
husband's accession
14 March 1582 Louis VI
  Anne of Ostfriesland Edzard II, Count of East Frisia
(Cirksena)
26 June 1562 12 July 1583 22 October 1583
husband's death
21 April 1621
  Louise Juliana of Nassau William the Silent
(Orange-Nassau)
31 March 1576 23 June 1593 19 September 1610
husband's death
15 March 1644 Frederick IV
  Elizabeth Stuart of Scotland James VI of Scotland
(Stuart)
19 August 1596 14 February 1613 23 February 1623
husband's accession
13 February 1662 Frederick V

House of Wittelsbach, Bavarian branch, 1623–1648Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
  Elisabeth of Lorraine Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
9 October 1574 6 February 1595 23 February 1623
husband's accession
4 January 1635 Maximilian I
  Maria Anna of Austria Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
13 January 1610 15 July 1635 October 1648
Became better known as Electress of Bavaria
25 September 1665

Second Electorate, 1648–1777Edit

House of Palatinate-Simmern, 1648–1685Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
  Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
(Hesse-Kassel)
20 November 1627 22 February 1650 1658
divorce
26 March 1686 Charles I Louis
  Wilhelmina Ernestine of Denmark Frederick III of Denmark
(Oldenburg)
20 or 21 June 1650 20 September 1671 28 August 1680
husband's accession
26 May 1685
husband's death
22 or 23 April 1706 Charles II

House of Palatinate-Neuburg, 1685–1742Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
  Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(Hesse-Darmsta)
20 March 1635 3 September 1653 26 May 1685
husband's accession
2 September 1690
husband's death
4 August 1709 Philip William
  Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
(Medici)
11 August 1667 29 April 1691 8 June 1716
husband's death
18 February 1743 John William

House of Palatinate-Sulzbach, 1742–1799Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
  Elisabeth Augusta of Palatinate-Sulzbach Joseph Charles, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
(Wittelsbach)
17 January 1721 17 January 1742 31 December 1742
husband's accession
17 August 1794 Charles IV Theodore
  Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este
(Austria-Este)
10 December 1776 15 February 1795 16 February 1799
husband's death
23 June 1848

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, 1799–1806Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
  Caroline of Baden Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
(Baden)
13 July 1776 9 March 1797 16 February 1799
husband's accession
1 January 1806
elevated to Queen of Bavaria
13 November 1841 Maximilian II Joseph

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Thomas Curtis (1829). The London Encyclopaedia: Or, Universal Dictionary of Science, Art, Literature, and Practical Mechanics, Comprising a Popular View of the Present State of Knowledge. Illustrated by Numerous Engravings, a General Atlas, and Appropriate Diagrams. T. Tegg. p. 5.