Elections in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. Sri Lanka has a multi party system, with two dominant political parties. All elections are administered by the Election Commission of Sri Lanka.
The president is directly elected for a five-year term, through a version of Instant-runoff voting in which electors rank up to three candidates, and limited to only two rounds in total. If no candidate wins a majority in the first round of voting, second and third preferences from ballots whose first preference candidate has been eliminated are used to determine the winner. However, there has never been an instance where a "run-off" count has been needed since the introduction of directly elected president in the 1980s, as a candidate reached 50% in the first count in all elections.
The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a five-year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies through proportional representation system where each party is allocated a number of seats from the quota for each district according to the proportion of the total vote that party obtains in the district. The other 29 which is called the national list are appointed by each party secretary according to the island wide proportional vote the party obtains.
2019 Presidential electionEdit
|Gotabaya Rajapaksa||Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna||6,924,255||52.25%|
|Sajith Premadasa||New Democratic Front||5,564,239||41.99%|
|Anura Kumara Dissanayaka||National Movement for People’s Power||418,553||3.16%|
|Mahesh Senanayake||National People's Party||49,655||0.37%|
|M. L. A. M. Hizbullah||Independent||38,814||0.29%|
|Ariyawansa Dissanayake||Democratic United National Front||34,537||0.26%|
|Ajantha Perera||Socialist Party of Sri Lanka||27,572||0.21%|
|Rohan Pallewatte||National Development Front||25,173||0.19%|
|M. K. Shivajilingam||Independent||12,256||0.09%|
|Battaramulle Seelarathana||Jana Setha Peramuna||11,879||0.09%|
|Ajantha de Zoysa||Ruhunu Janatha Peramuna||11,705||0.09%|
|Namal Rajapaksa||National Unity Alliance||9,497||0.07%|
|Duminda Nagamuwa||Frontline Socialist Party||8,219||0.06%|
|Subramanium Gunaratnam||Our National Front||7,333||0.06%|
|A. S. P. Liyanage||Sri Lanka Labour Party||6,447||0.05%|
|Aruna de Zoysa||Democratic National Movement||4,218||0.03%|
|Illiyas Idroos Mohamed||Independent||3,987||0.03%|
|Siritunga Jayasuriya||United Socialist Party||3,944||0.03%|
|Sarath Manamendra||New Sinhala Heritage||3,380||0.03%|
|Pani Wijesiriwardene||Socialist Equality Party||3,014||0.02%|
|A. H. M. Alavi||Independent||2,903||0.02%|
|Saman Perera||Our Power of People Party||2,368||0.02%|
|Priyantha Edirisinghe||Okkoma Wesiyo Okkoma Rajawaru Sanwidhanaya||2,139||0.02%|
|Bedde Gamage Nandimithra||Nava Sama Samaja Party||1,841||0.01%|
2015 Parliamentary electionEdit
|Alliances and parties||Votes||%||Seats|
|Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna||543,944||4.87%||4||2||6|
|Sri Lanka Muslim Congress[ii]||44,193||0.40%||1||0||1|
|Eelam People's Democratic Party||33,481||0.30%||1||0||1|
|All Ceylon Makkal Congress[i]||33,102||0.30%||0||0||0|
|Ceylon Workers' Congress[iv]||17,107||0.15%||0||0||0|
|Frontline Socialist Party||7,349||0.07%||0||0||0|
|United People's Party||5,353||0.05%||0||0||0|
- Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Election for President
- "Presidential Election - 2019: Final Result - All Island". news.lk. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Department of Government Information. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results — All Island Results". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
- "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results — Composition of the Parliament". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.