North Macedonia elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia (Sobranie) has 120-123 members, elected for a four-year term, by proportional representation. North Macedonia has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.
Parliamentary elections were held on 15 July 2020.
|We Can (SDSM and others)[a]||327,408||35.89||46||–8|
|Renewal (VMRO-DPMNE and others)[b]||315,344||34.57||44||–7|
|Democratic Union for Integration||104,699||11.48||15||+5|
|Alliance for Albanians–Alternative||81,620||8.95||12||+9|
|Democratic Party of Albanians||13,930||1.53||1||–1|
|Integra – Macedonian Conservative Party||12,291||1.35||0||New|
|Civic Democratic Union||3,555||0.39||0||New|
|MORO – Workers Party||3,245||0.36||0||0|
|Voice for Macedonia||2,802||0.31||0||New|
|Never North, Only Macedonia||2,604||0.29||0||0|
|Social Democratic Union Skopje||2,585||0.28||0||0|
|Roma People's Party||1,225||0.13||0||New|
|Source: State Election Commission|
Presidential elections were held in April and May, 2019.
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Stevo Pendarovski||Social Democratic Union of Macedonia||322,581||44.75||435,656||53.58|
On 21 April 2019, the first round of the presidential elections resulted voters turnout receiving 41.67% of the vote. this round didn't receive 50% of all registered voters, and so a second round was held on 5 May 2019. In first round resulted , The SDSM Stevo Pendarovski won 44.75% of the votes and VMRO-DPMNE Gordana Siljanovska-Davkova, won 44.16% of the votes and then the second round resulted, Stevo Pendarovski won 53.58% of the votes was the main contestant win for the post, and Gordana Siljanovska-Davkova won 46.42% of the votes,
The Parliamentary election took place on 15 July 2020. The incumbent ruling party, SDSM with coalition partner Lëvizja Besa is the second largest Albanian party, got 35.89% of the votes and won 46 of the 120 seats in the Sobranie. The VMRO-DPMNE, won 34.57% of the votes and won 44 seats, the DUI, which is the largest Albanian party, receiving 11.48% of the votes and won 15 seats, and the Alliance for Albanians–Alternative is the third largest Albanian party, receiving 8.95% of the votes and won 12 seats.
Following Macedonian independence in 1991, politics in the country are split along ethnic lines with Albanians voting for Albanian parties and Macedonians voting for Macedonian parties. In this context elections have come to reflect the censuses. Ethnic groups in the country view a change in the demographic composition of an administrative unit of government as resulting in a change of a mayor's ethnic affiliation that would implement the choices and priorities of their community.
- Also includes the BESA, the VMRO–NP, the DPT, the New Social Democratic Party (NSDP), the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), the Party for a European Future (PEI), the United Party for Roma Equality (OPER), the Party for the Movement of Turks in Macedonia (PDT), the Democratic Union of the Vlachs of Macedonia (DSVM), New Alternative (NA), the Party for Economic Changes 21 (PEP 21), the Party for Social and Economic Progress (POEN), the Democratic Union (DS), the Political Party “Dignity” (PPD), the Serbian Party in Macedonia (SSM), the Democratic League of Bosniaks, the Party of Pensioners (PP), the Party for Democratic Prosperity of the Roma (PDPR), Democratic Renewal of Macedonia (DOM), United for Macedonia (OM), the Party for the Full Emancipation of the Roma of Macedonia (CERRNM), and the Union of Roma in Macedonia
- Includes Citizen Option for Macedonia (GROM), the Movement for Turkish National Union, the Democratic Party of Serbs in Macedonia, the Democratic Party of the Roma, the Democratic Forces of the Roma, Macedonian Action (MAAK), the New Liberal Party, the Party of the Vlachs of Macedonia (PVM), the Party of United Democrats of Macedonia, the United Party of the Roma in Macedonia, the Workers’ Agricultural Party of Macedonia, the Socialist Party of Macedonia, the Serbian Progressive Party, the Party of Democratic Action of Macedonia, the Union of Tito’s Left Forces, Roma Integration Party, and Democratic Bosniak Party, as well as the independent candidates Adnan Arsovski and Adnan Kahil
- Ragaru, Nadege (2008). "The Political Uses and Social Lives of "National Heroes": Controversies over Skanderbeg's Statue in Skopje". Südosteuropa. 56 (4): 537.