Politics of the Federated States of Micronesia
The politics of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) takes place in a framework of a federal representative democratic republic. The President of the Federated States of Micronesia is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the president and his cabinet, while legislative power is vested in both the president and the Congress. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
The internal workings of the Micronesia are governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental human rights and establishes a separation of governmental powers. The Federation is in free association with the United States; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986.
|President||Peter Christian||Independent||11 May 2015|
|Vice President||Yosiwo George||Independent||11 May 2015|
The president and the vice president are elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms. The president is both the chief of state and head of government. Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections. The president and vice president are supported by an appointed cabinet.
The President and Vice President are supported in the administration by a Cabinet made up of 9 appointed officials. They are: the Secretaries of Justice, Foreign Affairs, Resource & Development, Health & Social Affairs, Transportation, Communications, & Infrastructure, and Education; the heads of the Office of the Public Defender, Environment & Emergency Management, Office of National Archives, Culture, & Historic Preservations, and FSM Postal Services. Other Cabinet-level officials include the director of the National Oceanic Resource & Maritime Authority, Coconut Development Authority, FSM Banking Board, and National Fisheries Corporation.
|Department||Dept. Head's Title||Department Head|
|Department of Education||Secretary||Kalwin Kephas|
|Department of Finance and Administration||Secretary||Shina Lawrence|
|Department of Foreign Affairs||Secretary||Lorin Robert|
|Department of Health and Social Affairs||Secretary||Magdalena Walker|
|Department of Justice||Secretary||Joses Gallen|
|Department of Resource and Development||Secretary||Marion Henry|
|Department of Transportation, Communication, and Infrastructure||Secretary||Lukner Weilbacher|
|Office of Environment and Emergency Management||Director||Andrew Yatilman|
|Office of Public Defender||Chief Public Defender||Lorrie Johnson-Asher|
|FSM Postal Services||Postmaster General||Ginger Porter Mida|
|National Archives, Culture and Historic Preservation Office||Director||Dr. Rufino Mauricio|
|Coconut Development Authority||General Manager||Peterson Sam|
|FSM Banking Board|
|National Fisheries Corporation||President & CEO||Peter Sitan|
|National Oceanic Resource and Maritime Authority (NORMA)||Executive Director||Eugene Pangelinan|
The judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court, which is divided into trial and appellate divisions. The president appoints judges with the advice and consent of the Congress. Andon Amaraich was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court until his death in January 2010. He was succeeded by Martin G. Yinug, who served until his death on August 31, 2014. He was succeeded by Dennis K. Yamase, who continues to serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court since his investiture on October 2, 2015.
Political parties and electionsEdit
A head of state (the President) and a legislature are elected on a national level. As far as available, at the last elections, 8 March 2005, only non-partisans have been elected. The president is elected for a four-year term by Congress. There are no political parties in Micronesia, though they are not banned. Political allegiances depend mainly on family and island-related factors.
|Total (turnout %)||14|
The government of Micronesia includes national agencies to serve the Micronesian people. The FSM Social Security Administration, FSM Telecommunications Corporation, Office of the Public Auditor, and FSM PetroCorp are independent agencies.
|Agency||Dept. Head's Title||Department Head|
|College of Micronesia-FSM||President||Dr. Joseph Daisy|
|FSM Development Bank||President & CEO||Anna Mendiola|
|FSM Social Security Administration||Administrator||Alexander Narruhn|
|FSM Telecommunications Corporation||General Manager||John Sohl|
|National Election Commission||Director||Kimeuo Kimuo|
|Office of the Public Auditor||Public Auditor||Haser Hainrick|
The FSM is divided in four states: Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap. Each has its own constitution, elected legislature, governor, and lieutenant government. The state governments maintain considerable power, particularly regarding the implementation of budgetary policies.
|Chuuk State||Johnson Elimo||Marius Akapito|
|Kosrae State||Lyndon Jackson||Carson Sigrah|
|Pohnpei State||Marcelo Peterson||Reed Oliver|
|Yap State||Tony Ganngiyan||James Yangtemai|
International organization participationEdit
Micronesia is a member of the following international organizations:
- Asian Development Bank
- U.N. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
- Group of 77
- International Civil Aviation Organization
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
- International Development Association
- International Finance Corporation
- International Monetary Fund
- International Olympic Committee
- International Telecommunication Union
- Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
- Pacific Islands Forum
- South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement
- Pacific Community (SPC)
- United Nations
- U.N. Conference on Trade and Development
- World Health Organization
- World Meteorological Organization
- "FSM National Government". www.fsmgov.org. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- "Cabinet Members". www.fsmpio.fm. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- "Press Release for CJ Yinug" (PDF). fsmsupremecourt.org. September 1, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "The Honorable Dennis K. Yamase Takes Oath to Allow Work to Begin as New Chief Justice" (PDF). October 8, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "agencies". www.fsmpio.fm. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
- "FSM State Governments". www.fsmgov.org. Retrieved 2019-02-27.