Election Commission of Sri Lanka
The Election Commission of Sri Lanka is the constitutional authority responsible for administering and overseeing all elections in Sri Lanka, including the Presidential, Parliamentary, Provincial and Local Authority elections. Sri Lanka has had universal adult suffrage since 1931, becoming the first Crown colony to enfranchise all adult citizens, 3 years after the United Kingdom itself; the country is the oldest democracy in Asia.
|ශ්රී ලංකා මැතිවරණ කොමිෂන් සභාව|
இலங்கை தேர்தல்கள் ஆணைக்குழு
|Non-ministerial/Semi-independent Agency overview|
|Formed||October 1, 1955|
As the Department of Elections
|Headquarters||Elections Secretariat, Sarana Mawatha, Rajagiriya 10107, Sri Lanka|
|Annual budget||LKR 4.6 billion (2017)|
|Non-ministerial/Semi-independent Agency executives|
The recommendations of the Soulbury Commission of 1944 led to the country's 1948 'Soulbury Constitution', granting it independence with Dominion status within the British Empire through the Ceylon Independence Act of 1947. The work of the Commission began in 1944, with several pieces of key legislation being enacted in the interim as a result of its work- of these, the Ceylon (Constitution) Order in Council of 1946 would lead to the 1948 constitution, while the Ceylon (Parliamentary Elections) Order in Council and the Local Authorities Ordinance enacted in the same year created two government departments that would eventually go on to form the Elections Commission.
Section 88A of the Ceylon (Parliamentary Elections) Order in Council of 1946 established the Department of Parliamentary elections headed by a Commissioner and assisted by Assistant and Deputy Commissioners, with the responsibility of registering electors and the conduct of Parliamentary Elections. At the same time, the Local Authorities Ordinance, No. 53 of 1946 established the Department of Local Authorities Elections under a separate Commissioner and staff to oversee and administer all non-Parliamentary elections on the island. During its existence, the former oversaw two Parliamentary elections, in 1947 and 1952. These two departments functioned independently of each other until 1 October 1955, when they were merged to form the Department of Elections; as was the case with its predecessors, the department functioned as an independent, non-ministerial institution answerable only to Parliament and the Judiciary.
|Commissioner of the Department of Parliamentary Elections|
|A. Arulpiragasam||1 June 1955 – 1 October 1955|
|Commissioner of the Department of Elections|
|A. Arulpiragasam||1 October 1955 – 7 March 1957|
|Felix Dias Abeysinghe||7 March 1957 – 15 May 1978|
|M.A. Piyasekara||16 May 1978 – 1 February 1982|
|17 February 1982 – 24 March 1982|
|25 March 1982 – 3 May 1982|
|Chandrananda de Silva||4 May 1982 – 16 February 1995|
|Dayananda Dissanayake[a]||17 February 1995 – 25 March 2011|
|Mahinda Deshapriya||26 March 2011 – 13 November 2015|
|Chairman of the Election Commission|
|Mahinda Deshapriya||13 November 2015 – 13 November 2020|
|Nimal G. Punchihewa||10 December 2020 - Present|
- Dissanayake was on medical leave during the Presidential election in 1999, during which period M.C. Arunthawachelwam, the Deputy Commissioner of Elections, was appointed Acting Commissioner. When Arunthawachelwam's health too deteriorated during the same election, D.M.C.B. Dassanayake, the Chief Secretary of the Sabaragamuwa Provincial Council, was appointed Acting Commissioner until Dayananda's return
- Budget Estimates 2018: Volume I. Ministry of Finance. November 2017. p. 61. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- Rajakarunanayake, Lucien (4 Oct 2017). "Seven decades of Asia's oldest democracy". dailynews.lk. Daily News. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- "Elections Department in the limelight". ft.lk. Daily Financial Times. 3 Oct 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- "Ceylon Independence Act 1947". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- "Our History". Official Website of the Election Commission of Sri Lanka. Election Commission of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- "A Reprint of the Ceylon (Parliamentary Elections) Order in Council, 1946 (CHAPTER 381)" (PDF). aceproject.org. Government of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- "Performance Appraisal Report of the Department of Elections/Election Commission for the Year 2015" (PDF). Parliament of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Department of Elections/Elections Commission of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- "The Election Commission". Election Commission of Sri Lanka. slelections.gov.lk. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
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