Eleanor of Navarre
Eleanor of Navarre (Basque: Leonor and Spanish: Leonor) (2 February 1426 – 12 February 1479), was the regent of Navarre from 1455 to 1479, then briefly the queen regnant of Navarre in 1479. She was crowned on 28 January 1479 in Tudela.
She was born in Olite, Navarre (now Spain), the third and youngest child of King John II of Aragon and Queen Blanche I of Navarre and the younger sister of Blanche II of Navarre. She was born 2 February 1426, and was acclaimed by the Cortes in Pamplona, 9 August 1427, as the legitimate heir of Charles IV and Blanche II in succession to their mother. After their mother's death, however, their father occupied Navarre.
She married Gaston IV, Count of Foix, in 1441. In 1442, Eleanor moved with her spouse to Bearn. In 1455, her father deposed her brother and her sister as heirs of Navarre and proclaimed Eleanor as the heir and the regent and general governor of Navarre, and she moved to Sangüesa. She continued as regent after the death of her brother in 1461. In 1462, she signed the treaty of Olite, where she recognized her father as the monarch of Navarre and accepted to have her sister Blanche imprisoned under her care.
In 1464, Blanche died in her care, suspected to have been poisoned. By the treaty, she was recognized by her father as the heir of Navarre and his regent (governor) in Navarre. In 1468, her father killed her advisor Nicolas de Etchabarri, and deposed her as governor. In 1471, however, her father recognized her as the governor of Navarre until his death. At her father's death in 1479, she gave her oath as the monarch of Navarre, and died two weeks later at Tudela, Navarre, aged 53.
Marriage and childrenEdit
- Marie (1443–1467), married William VIII, Marquess of Montferrat, whose daughter Blanche of Montferrat was the wife to Charles I, Duke of Savoy.
- Gaston (1445–1470), he married Magdalena of France in 1462 and their children Francis and Catherine both succeeded to Navarre in turn upon the death of their grandmother Eleanor.
- Peter (1449–1490), cardinal and bishop of Arles,
- John (1450–1500), Viscount of Narbonne, whose daughter Germaine of Foix was second wife to Ferdinand II of Aragon.
- Joan (1454–1476), married John V, count of Armagnac.
- Eleanor (1457–1480), engaged firstly with Charles, duke de Guyenne (who died in 1472) and secondly with the duke of Medinacelli, but she died before the wedding.
- Margaret (1458–1487), married Francis II, Duke of Brittany, whose daughter Anne of Brittany was the wife to Charles VIII of France and later the second wife to Louis XII of France.
- Catherine (1460–1494), married Gaston II de Foix, Count of Candale and Benauges, whose daughter Anne of Foix-Candale was third wife to Vladislaus II of Hungary.
- Isabella (1462–?), married Guy de Pons, viscount of Turenne.
- Anne (born and died 1464).
- Jacques (1463–1508), count of Cortes, married Catherine of Beaumont.
|Ancestors of Eleanor of Navarre|
- Anthony 1931, p. 10.
- Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. 80.
- Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. 84.
- Woodacre 2013, p. Chart 4.
- Krochalis 1996, p. 96.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Ferdinand I, King of Aragon at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Anthony, R. (1931). Identification et Étude des Ossements des Rois de Navarre inhumés dans la Cathédrale de Lescar [Identification and Study of the Bones of the Kings of Navarre buried in the Cathedral of Lescar] (PDF). Archives du Muséum, 6e series (in French). VII. Masson et Cie.
- Krochalis, Jeanne E. (1996). "1494: Hieronymous Munzer, Compostela, and the Codex Calixtinus". In Dunn, Maryjane; Davidson, Linda Kay (eds.). The Pilgrimage to Compostela in the Middle Ages. Routledge.
- Ward, A.W.; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Macmillan Company.
- Woodacre, Elena (2013). The Queens Regnant of Navarre: Succession, Politics, and Partnership, 1274-1512. Palgrave Macmillan.