Eleanor of England (18 June 1269 – 29 August 1298) was the eldest surviving daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Queen Eleanor of Castile.
|Countess consort of Bar|
|Tenure||1293 – 12 October 1298|
|Born||18 June 1269|
Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire
|Died||29 August 1298 (aged 29)|
Ghent, County of Flanders
|Burial||12 October 1298|
|Issue||Edward I, Count of Bar|
Joan of Bar, Countess of Surrey
|Father||Edward I of England|
|Mother||Eleanor of Castile|
What evidence exists for Eleanor's early years suggests that while her parents were absent on Crusade between 1270 and 1274, she became very close to her paternal grandmother, Eleanor of Provence, with whom she continued to spend a good deal of time. She was also close to her sickly brother Henry.
For a long period Eleanor was betrothed to King Alfonso III of Aragon. Alfonso's parents were under papal interdict, however, because of their claims to the throne of Sicily, which were contrary to the papal donation of the Sicilian throne to Count Charles I of Anjou, and despite the Aragonese ruler's repeated pleas that Edward send his daughter to them for marriage, Edward refused to send her as long as the interdict remained in place. In 1282, he declined one such request by saying that his wife and mother felt the girl, who had just turned 13, was too young to be married, and that they wanted to wait another two years before sending her to Aragon. Alfonso died before the marriage could take place.
Eleanor subsequently married Count Henry III of Bar on 20 September 1293, and had two children:
- Edward I, Count of Bar, married to Mary, daughter of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
- Joan of Bar, Countess of Surrey, married to John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey
Eleanor is also credited with a daughter named Eleanor (b. 1285), who married to a Welshman named Llywelyn ap Owain, lord of South Wales and representative of the sovereign princes of South Wales.
Eleanor died at Ghent on 29 August 1298. Eleanor was buried in Westminster Abbey, but the location of her grave in the Abbey is unknown.
|Ancestors of Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar|
- ^ a b Merriman 1918, p. 321.
- ^ Prestwich 1997, p. 389.
- ^ Vale 2001, p. 211.
- ^ Panton 2011, p. 173.
- ^ "The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with Pedigrees of Royal Descents in Illustration" (PDF). Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms. 1876. p. 51. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
- ^ Burke, John Bernard (1844). "Heraldic illustrations, by J. And J. B. Burke". p. 23.
- ^ "Eleanor, Countess of Bar".
- ^ Selby, Walford Dakin; Harwood, H. W. Forsyth; Murray, Keith W. (1895). The genealogist. London: George Bell & Sons. pp. 30–31.
- Merriman, Roger Bigelow (1918). The Rise of the Spanish Empire in the Old and in the New. Vol. 1. The Macmillan Company.
- Panton, Kenneth (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press.
- Prestwich, Michael (1997). Edward I. Yale University Press.
- Vale, Malcolm (2001). The Princely Court: Medieval Courts and Culture in North-West Europe, 1270–1380. Oxford University Press.