The elderly are those who are 65-years-old and older. This a more precise metric used in research and sociology and is a measure and definition based upon age rather than subjective titles such as elders, senior citizen or retiree. This population is expected to reach 80 million by the year 2037. Generally the elderly have lower incomes, develop some diseases at a greater frequency than younger people and a life span shorter than those who are younger.
In Japan, in the 65-and-over group be 25.2% by 2020. By 2060 Japenese women will live until they are in their 90s. Japanese women can expect to live, on average, into their 90s. A cultural belief of some is the desire not be a burden to their family. This can involve a ritual in which prayers for a quick and painless death at a temple. Others disagree: "The image of older people is as a burden, but they are not”, states a representative of WHO.
Many professions are involved with providing support for the elderly. Gerontologists, for example, "improve the quality of life and promote the well-being of persons as they age within their families, communities and societies through research, education and application of interdisciplinary knowledge of the aging process and aging populations."
Ageing has "been identified as an emerging threat to the fiscal stability of developed and developing countries alike".
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