Elchibeyism (Azerbaijani: Elçibəyçilik,[1][2] elçibəysevərlik)[3] or Elchibey's path (Elçibəy yolu),[4] refers to the political ideals of one of the leaders of the Azerbaijani Popular Front,[5] and the second President of Azerbaijan, Abulfaz Elchibey (who was in power in 1992–1993). It is characterized by democratism,[6][7] republicanism,[8] social justice,[9] Azerbaijanism, Pan-Turkism, advocation of Whole Azerbaijan,[10] loyalty to the principals of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic[11] and pro-Turkey ideas.[12] After the resignation and death of Elchibey, various parties, organizations and politicians remained attached to Elchibeyism. According to Panah Huseyn, who was the prime minister during Elchibey's reign, Elchibeyism, which has been in opposition since 1993, is the ideological rival of the New Azerbaijan Party government and Aliyevism.[13]

Abulfaz Elchibey during his presidency.

Some compare the ideals of Elchibey with those of Mahammad Amin Rasulzade, one of the founders of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, and call this ideology the Rasulzadeh-Elchibey path (Rəsulzadə-Elçibəy yolu).[8]

HistoryEdit

With the adoption of certain resolutions at the founding conference of the Azerbaijani Popular Front (APF) held on 16 July 1989, the APF turned into an Elchibeyist movement. In early 1988, as a result of the influence of the processes taking place in the Soviet Union, the Azerbaijan Popular Front, which was formed as a form of organizing mass independent social and political initiatives, adopted the ideas of Abulfaz Elchibey and turned into a national democratic platform.[9]

After the resignation and death of Elchibey, various parties, organizations and politicians remained attached to the ideology of Elchibeyism. According to Panah Huseyn, who was the prime minister during Elchibey's reign, Elchibeyism, which has been in opposition since 1993, is an ideological opponent of the New Azerbaijan Party government.[13] According to politician Isa Gambar, the Aliyevist government is "trying to discredit" the Elchibeyism and "erase it from the people's memory".[14]

 
Ali Karimli during protests.

Currently, there are political spheres in the Musavat Party, Azerbaijani Popular Front Party, Classical Popular Front Party (CPFP), and Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party that consider themselves Elchibeyists.[10][15] Hurru Aliyev, Elchibey's nephew, participated in the 2020 parliamentary elections as an Elchibeyist candidate.[16] Nevertheless, according to Eynulla Fatullayev, the constitutional referendum held in 2016 had "become a point of no return" for the Elchibeyists.[17]

Ali Karimli, the chairman of the APFP, considers himself an Elchibeyist.[18] However, political figures such as CPFP Chairman Mirmahmud Miralioglu, Azerbaijan Democrat Party Chairman Sardar Jalaloglu, Unity Party Chairman Tahir Karimli,[19] Azerbaijan Nationalist Democratic "Grey Wolf" Party (AMDP) member of the organizing committee for congress preparation Safar Humbatov,[20] and APFP member Namig Sadigli[21] refuted his statements. Furthermore, in June 2017, some members of the APFP resigned from the party citing the suppression of Elchibeyism within the party.[22] According to the politician Ogtay Gulaliyev, there were those who turned away from ideals of the movement to get positions within the state, mandate, money, status, luxurious living by calling themselves Elchibeyist.[11]

CriticismEdit

President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, repeatedly criticized the Elchibey government in his speeches.[23] Writer Ali Akbar criticized Abulfaz Elchibey's cult of personality. According to him, the Azerbaijani opposition, which is fighting for power, was not able to "remove Elchibey from its agenda".[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Seyidağa, Etibar (12 July 2020). "Qiyamçılarla Elçibəyçilərin 27 ildir bitməyən savaşı - səbəblər". Yeni Müsavat (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2022-06-22. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  2. ^ Mustafa, Fazil (12 June 2020). "Mirzə İbrahimovun papağı..." Publika.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  3. ^ "Müxalifət üçün vahid namizəd tapıldı – Müsahibə". Qafqazinfo (in Azerbaijani). 30 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  4. ^ Bingöl, Namidə (18 July 2016). """Elçibəy yolu" ifadəsi şairanə anlayışdır"". Modern.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  5. ^ "Əbülfəz Elçibəy haqqında: "Onun dövründə mətbuat olduqca sərbəst idi"". BBC Azərbaycanca (in Azerbaijani). 24 June 2015. Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  6. ^ Gülalıyev, Oqtay (27 August 2019). "KXCP Ali Məclisində insident: iclasda məclis üzvünü döymək istəyiblər –Mirəlioğlu iddiaları cavabsız buraxdı". Strateq.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  7. ^ Fətullayev, Eynulla (31 January 2020). "Leyla və Arif Yunusovlar kitab dalınca Ermənistana getdilər". Virtual Azərbaycan (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  8. ^ a b Rais, Əli. ""Rəsulzadə-Elçibəy yolu" ifadəsinin anlamı nədir?" (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Elçibəy İnstitutunun Azərbaycanın Dövlət müstəqilliyi haqqında Konstitusiya Aktının qəbul edilməsinin 30 illiyi münasibəti ilə bağlı AÇIQLAMASI". Turan İnformasiya Agentliyi (in Azerbaijani). 18 October 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  10. ^ a b Bayoğlu, Cahandar (9 June 2020). ""Elçibəy fiziki varlıqdan çox, ideyadır!" – CAHANDAR BAYOĞLU". 7news.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  11. ^ a b Gülalıyev, Oqtay (27 October 2017). "Elçibəy sağ olsaydı…". Yenifakt.info (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  12. ^ ""Qardaş praqmatizmi" və ya Ankara niyə Elçibəyi kənarlaşdırdı". Meydan TV (in Azerbaijani). 14 June 2019. Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  13. ^ a b Hüseyn, Pənah (21 June 2018). "İndiki iqtidarın ideoloji rəqibi Elçibəyçilikdir". Turan İnformasiya Agentliyi (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  14. ^ "Commemoration for Abulfaz Elchibey". Turan İnformasiya Agentliyi. 24 June 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-12-09. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  15. ^ Nurullayev, Razi (18 February 2016). ""Adım qədər əminəm ki, Əli Kərimlinin deyilən videosu var"". Kaspi.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  16. ^ Barat, Elşad (21 January 2020). "Elşad Barat Hürrü Əliyevdən yazdı - İlahi, necə də işıqlandı o qaranlıq bina..." Azərbaycan Reallığı İnformasiya Agentliyi (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  17. ^ Fətullayev, Eynulla (28 September 2016). "Əliyevin başlanğıc və "elçibəyçiliy"in dönməzlik nöqtəsi". Virtual Azərbaycan (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  18. ^ Turan, Alpər (23 August 2019). "Xəyanətkarın "göz yaşları"". Kaspi.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  19. ^ Hüseynova, Rəfiqə (10 July 2020). ""Milli Şura"nın "Qeybət Şurası"nın növbəti şousu". Səs İnformasiya Agentliyi (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  20. ^ Seyidağa, Etibar (16 January 2014). ""Elçibəy dedi ki, ... Əli Kərimlini Heydər Əliyevin əlindən dartıb alacağam"". Yeni Müsavat (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  21. ^ "İstefa verən AXCP üzvündən Əli Kərimliyə yeni ittihamlar - "O, heç vaxt imkan verməz ki..."". AzNews.az (in Azerbaijani). September 2019. Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  22. ^ "AXCP-dən istefalar - Əli Kərimlinin gəncləri Rəsul Quliyevin partiyasına qoşuldular". Tərəf Qəzeti (in Azerbaijani). 15 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2021-12-09. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  23. ^ Həsənov, Əli (28 November 2019). "Hədəf daha qüdrətli, daha rifahlı Azərbaycandır!". İki Sahil (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  24. ^ Əkbər, Əli (8 February 2014). "Rəsulzadə-Elçibəy Yolu?". Meydan (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2021-12-07. Retrieved 12 September 2022.