Open main menu

El Salvador, officially the City of El Salvador, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa El Salvador; Filipino: Lungsod ng El Salvador), or simply referred to as El Salvador City is a 6th class city in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 50,204 people.[3]

El Salvador
City of El Salvador
From left to right: Divine Mercy Shrine; Brgy. Poblacion of El Salvador; Our Lady of the Snows Parish Church
From left to right: Divine Mercy Shrine; Brgy. Poblacion of El Salvador; Our Lady of the Snows Parish Church
Official seal of El Salvador
  • City of the Saviour
  • City of Mercy
  • Divine Mercy City of the Philippines
Map of Misamis Oriental with El Salvador highlighted
Map of Misamis Oriental with El Salvador highlighted
El Salvador is located in Philippines
El Salvador
El Salvador
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°34′N 124°31′E / 8.57°N 124.52°E / 8.57; 124.52Coordinates: 8°34′N 124°31′E / 8.57°N 124.52°E / 8.57; 124.52
Country Philippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao (Region X)
ProvinceMisamis Oriental
District2nd District
FoundedJune 15, 1948
CityhoodJune 27, 2007
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorEdgar S. Lignes
 • Vice MayorAgripino D. Estrada Jr.
 • CongressmanJuliette T. Uy
 • Electorate35,814 voters (2016)
 • Total106.15 km2 (40.98 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total50,204
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Salvadoreños, Salbadorenyos
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Climate typetropical climate
Income class6th city income class
Revenue (₱)325.8 million  (2016)
Native languagesCebuano
Subanon language
Feast dateSunday after Easter
Catholic dioceseArchdiocese of Cagayan de Oro
Patron saintDivine Mercy of Jesus

The city serves as a pilgrimage site for Divine Mercy devotees, that is why it is also called the City of the Saviour, City of Mercy, and the Divine Mercy City of the Philippines.



El Salvador is located in the Province of Misamis Oriental in Northern Mindanao (Region X). It is bordered by the Municipality of Alubijid to the west, Opol to the east and Manticao and Naawan to the south. On the north, lies Macajalar Bay of the Bohol Sea.


Administratively, El Salvador is subdivided into 15 barangays. One forms the center of the city (poblacion) whereas the other 14 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the city.

  • Amoros
  • Bolisong
  • Cogon
  • Himaya
  • Hinigdaan
  • Kalabaylabay
  • Molugan
  • Pedro S. Baculio (Bolo-Bolo)
  • Poblacion
  • Quibonbon
  • Sambulawan
  • San Francisco de Asis (Calongonan)
  • Sinaloc
  • Taytay
  • Ulaliman


El Salvador was created from the barrios of El Salvador and Molugan with their sitios known as Sala, Sambulawan, Sinaloc, Lagtang, Talaba, Kalabaylabay and Hinigdaan, formerly part of Cagayan de Misamis, Misamis Oriental, in 1948.[4]

Hinigdaan was a ranch during the Spanish periods the areas covers the parts of Kalabay labay where the DJango's have 300 hectares of land and hundreds of cows..the area was famous of cattle ranching towards the areas of Tugasnon alubijid to Lourdes where the first Municipality was located now transferred to Alubijid and Sikitun of Gitagum Misamis Oriental. During the 11th Congress (1998–2001), Congress enacted into law 33 bills converting 33 municipalities into cities. However, Congress did not act on a further 24 bills converting 24 other municipalities into cities.

During the 12th Congress (2001–2004), Congress enacted into law Republic Act No. 9009 (RA 9009), which took effect on 30 June 2001. RA 9009 amended Section 450 of the Local Government Code by increasing the annual income requirement for conversion of a municipality into a city from ₱20 million to ₱100 million. The rationale for the amendment was to restrain, in the words of Senator Aquilino Pimentel, "the mad rush" of municipalities to convert into cities solely to secure a larger share in the Internal Revenue Allotment despite the fact that they are incapable of fiscal independence.

After RA 9009 went into effect, the House of Representatives of the 12th Congress adopted Joint Resolution No. 29, which sought to exempt from the ₱100 million income requirement in RA 9009 the 24 municipalities whose cityhood bills were not approved in the 11th Congress. However, the 12th Congress ended without the Senate having approved Joint Resolution No. 29.

During the 13th Congress (2004–2007), the House of Representatives re-adopted former Joint Resolution No. 29 as Joint Resolution No. 1 and forwarded it to the Senate for approval. However, the Senate again failed to approve the Joint Resolution. Following the suggestion of Senator Aquilino Pimentel (Senate President), 16 municipalities filed, through their respective sponsors, individual cityhood bills. The 16 cityhood bills each contained a common provision exempting it from the ₱100 million income requirement of RA 9009 –

Exemption from Republic Act No. 9009. — The City of x x x shall be exempted from the income requirement prescribed under Republic Act No. 9009.

On 22 December 2006, the House of Representatives approved the cityhood bills. The Senate also approved the cityhood bills in February 2007, except that of Naga, Cebu which was passed on 7 June 2007. These cityhood bills lapsed into law on various dates from March to July 2007 after President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo failed to sign them.

The point of law at issue in 2007 was whether there had been a breach of Section 10, Article X of the 1987 Constitution, which provides –

No province, city, municipality, or barangay shall be created, divided, merged, abolished or its boundary substantially altered, except in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code and subject to approval by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite in the political units directly affected.

– and in each case the established criteria were far from met.

In November 2008, El salvador and 15 other cities lost their cityhood after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared unconstitutional the cityhood law (RA 9876) which had allowed the town to acquire its city status.[5] The Supreme Court ruled that they did not pass the requirements for cityhood.[6][7]

On 10 December 2008, the 16 cities affected acting together filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court. More than a year later, on 22 December 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law" (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) "is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[8] Accordingly cityhood status was restored.

But on 27 August 2010, the 16 cities lost their city status again, after the Supreme Court voted 7-6, with two justices not taking part, to reinstate the 2008 decision declaring as "unconstitutional" the Republic Acts that converted the 16 municipalities into cities. A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least ₱100 million annually, which none of the 16 did.[9]

On 15 February 2011, the Supreme Court made another volte-face and upheld for the third time the cityhood of 16 towns in the Philippines.[10]

Finally, on 12 April 2011, the Supreme Court, in an en banc ruling delivered in Baguio City, affirmed the finality of the constitutionality of the 16 cityhood laws by resolving that:

We should not ever lose sight of the fact that the 16 cities covered by the Cityhood Laws not only had conversion bills pending during the 11th Congress, but have also complied with the requirements of the LGC prescribed prior to its amendment by R.A. No. 9009.[9] Congress undeniably gave these cities all the considerations that justice and fair play demanded. Hence, this Court should do no less by stamping its imprimatur to the clear and unmistakable legislative intent and by duly recognizing the certain collective wisdom of Congress. WHEREFORE, the Ad Cautelam Motion for Reconsideration (of the Decision dated 15 February 2011) is denied with finality.[10]

On 28 June 2011 the Supreme Court directed the Clerk of Court to issue the entry of judgment on the cityhood case of 16 municipalities.[11]


YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,315—    
1948 16,899+3.08%
1960 10,521−3.87%
1970 14,529+3.28%
1975 16,915+3.10%
1980 20,446+3.86%
1990 26,721+2.71%
1995 31,500+3.13%
2000 34,650+2.06%
2007 41,905+2.66%
2010 44,848+2.50%
2015 50,204+2.17%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][12][13][14]


El Salvador hosts several companies, plants and factories west of Misamis Oriental. These are Asia Brewery, Tanduay Rhum, Virgin Cola Bottling Plant (Visayas and Mindanao region distributor), Highland Fresh Daily Products, Monark Equipment, The Aoso, Zest-O Corporation, WL Foods Corporation, Universal Robina Corporation and Union Plywood Corporation.

With regards to financial institutions, Rural Bank of El Salvador and lending institutions such as FICCO, Oro Coop, M Lhuillier and others are accessible at office hours in this place.


Divine Mercy Shrine, located in PSB-Ulaliman El Salvador.
  • Divine Mercy Shrine (Misamis Oriental), located in the Divine Mercy Hills, PSB-Ulaliman which is overlooking Macajalar Bay. The shrine has a 50-foot statue of the Divine Mercy Christ, the biggest in Asia. It serves as a pilgrimage site for the Divine Mercy devotees. As a pilgrimage and sacred site, visitors are not allowed to wear shorts and other revealing clothing. Those who do so will be forced to cover themselves with a blue cloth provided by the shrine administrators.
  • Burias Island, located just a few kilometers off the coast of Molugan or about 3 km west of the town of Opol.
  • El Salvador Night Café and Market, is set up on Friday night at Barangay Poblacion. Tagnipa-ons and visitors gather to have barbecue, enjoy the live band music, beer, and also the great bargains from the nearby Night Market
  • Our Lady of Snows Parish Church, newly constructed church located within the city.
  • Abaga & Sikiop Falls, Located in barangay San Francisco de Asis.
  • Tag-ilas Falls, Located in barangay Hinigdaan.
  • Tuburan Spring, Located in both barangays Taytay and Poblacion .
  • House of Pasalubong, Located in Zone 2, Brgy. Poblacion


Feast day:

  • August 5 (Our Lady of Snows)
  • August 16 (Saint Roch (aka San Roque))

Charter day:

  • June 27



El Salvador city can be reached via plane through Laguindingan Airport, then about less than 10 minutes bus ride east. Like any other place the national highway snakes through it. Visitors and locals can go around the city by just hailing a "sikad-sikad" or motorboat, "jeepneys" or motorcycles to the outlying barangays.


PLDT and MISORTEL are among the major phone lines, also transmitters or "cell sites" for all major "telecom" providers like Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular are serviceable in this city. Internet access is also available. Internet cafes can be found in various places in within the city. Broadband service is also available.


Molugan National High School, located in Barangay Molugan

Private schools:

  • St. Joseph Academy of El Salvador
  • Miraculous Medal Academy
  • The New El Salvador Colleges
  • Stellulae Mariae School

Public schools:

  • Elementary
    • El Salvador City Central School
    • Amoros Elementary School
    • Bolisong Elementary School
    • Pedro Sa. Baculio Elementary School
    • San Francisco de Asis Elementary School
    • Cogon Elementary School
    • Himaya Elementary School
    • Hinigdaan Elementary School
    • Kalabaylabay Elementary School
    • Molugan Central School
    • Kibonbon Elementary School
    • Sambulawan Elementary School
    • Sinaloc Elementary School
    • Taytay Elementary School
    • Ulaliman Elementary School
  • Secondary
    • Cogon National High School
    • El Salvador City National High School
    • Hinigdaan National High School
    • Himaya National High School
    • Molugan National High School
    • San Francisco De Asis National High School
    • Sinaloc National High School

Government officesEdit

Welcome marker in Barangay Molugan
National Offices
  • Agricultural Training Institute (ATI)
Located in Zone-1,Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) 2nd DEO Misamis Oriental.
Located in Tabulig Street, Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAG-ASA)
Located in Molugan, El Salvador City
  • Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP)
Located in Zone-1, Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Philippine National Police (PNP)
Located in Zone-1, Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
Located in Zone-1, Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Criminal Investigation and Detection Group (CIDG)
Located in Zone-1, Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR)
Located in Zone-1, Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Commission on Election (COMELEC)
Located in Zone-1, Poblacion, El Salvador City
  • Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR)
Located in Zone-1, Poblacion, El Salvador City


  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Misamis Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "An act creating the municipality of El Salvador, province of Misamis Oriental". Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2011-04-08.
  5. ^ Republic Act No. 9876 (25 December 2007), Charter of the City of El salvador
  6. ^ G.R. No. 176951; et al. (18 November 2008), Consolidated petitions for prohibition assailing the constitutionality of the subject Cityhood Laws and enjoining the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and respondent municipalities from conducting plebiscites pursuant to the Cityhood Laws. (First appeal)
  7. ^ Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities' demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  8. ^ G.R. No. 176951; et al. (21 December 2009), League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC (First reversal)
  9. ^ a b Republic Act No. 9009 (24 February 2001), An Act amending section 450 of Republic Act no. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991, by increasing the average annual income requirement for a municipality or cluster of barangays to be converted into a component city.
  10. ^ a b G.R. No. 176951; et al. (15 February 2011), League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC (Second appeal)
  11. ^ G.R. No. 176951; et al. (28 June 2011), Supreme Court has directed the Clerk of Court to forthwith issue the Entry of Judgment (Final Resolution)
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. ^ "Province of Misamis Oriental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit