El Salvador, Misamis Oriental

El Salvador, officially known as the City of El Salvador (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa El Salvador; Tagalog: Lungsod ng El Salvador), is a 6th class component city in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 58,771 people. [3]

El Salvador
City of El Salvador
From left to right: Divine Mercy Shrine; Barangay Poblacion of El Salvador; Our Lady of the Snows Parish Church
From left to right: Divine Mercy Shrine; Barangay Poblacion of El Salvador; Our Lady of the Snows Parish Church
Official seal of El Salvador
Nicknames: 
  • City of the Saviour
  • City of Mercy
  • Divine Mercy City of the Philippines
Anthem: Tagnipan-ong Paraiso
Map of Misamis Oriental with El Salvador highlighted
Map of Misamis Oriental with El Salvador highlighted
OpenStreetMap
El Salvador is located in Philippines
El Salvador
El Salvador
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°34′N 124°31′E / 8.57°N 124.52°E / 8.57; 124.52Coordinates: 8°34′N 124°31′E / 8.57°N 124.52°E / 8.57; 124.52
CountryPhilippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao
ProvinceMisamis Oriental
District 2nd district
FoundedJune 15, 1948
CityhoodJune 27, 2007 (Lost cityhood in 2008 and 2010)
Affirmed CityhoodFebruary 15, 2011
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorEdgar S. Lignes
 • Vice MayorMark William U. Tan
 • RepresentativeYevgeny Vicente B. Emano
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate44,389 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total106.15 km2 (40.98 sq mi)
Elevation
79 m (259 ft)
Highest elevation
998 m (3,274 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total58,771
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Households
15,121
Demonym(s)Salvadoreños, Salbadorenyos
Economy
 • Income class6th city income class
 • Poverty incidence13.33% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱575,322,825.64 (2020)
 • Assets₱1,747,237,010.58 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱470,544,335.06 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱558,637,138.70 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityMisamis Oriental 1 Rural Electric Cooperative (MORESCO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
9017
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Native languagesCebuano
Binukid
Subanon
Tagalog
Feast dateSunday after Easter
Catholic dioceseArchdiocese of Cagayan de Oro
Patron saintThe Divine Mercy
Websiteelsalvadorcity.gov.ph

The city serves as a pilgrimage site for Divine Mercy devotees, that is why it is also called the City of the Saviour, City of Mercy and the Divine Mercy City of the Philippines.

HistoryEdit

El Salvador was created from the barrios of El Salvador and Molugan with their sitios known as Sala, Sambulawan, Sinaloc, Lagtang, Talaba, Kalabaylabay and Hinigdaan, formerly part of Cagayan de Misamis, Misamis Oriental, in 1948.[5]

Hinigdaan was a ranch during the Spanish periods the areas covers the parts of Kalabay labay where the DJango's have 300 hectares of land and hundreds of cows..the area was famous of cattle ranching towards the areas of Tugasnon alubijid to Lourdes where the first Municipality was located now transferred to Alubijid and Sikitun of Gitagum Misamis Oriental.

CityhoodEdit

On June 27, 2007, the municipality of El Salvador becomes a city in the province of Misamis Oriental after ratification of Republic Act 9435.

The Supreme Court declared the cityhood law of El Salvador and 15 other cities unconstitutional after a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines in its ruling on November 18, 2008. On December 22, 2009, the cityhood law of El Salvador and 15 other municipalities regain its status as cities again after the court reversed its ruling on November 18, 2008. On August 23, 2010, the court reinstated its ruling on November 18, 2008, causing El Salvador and 15 cities to become regular municipalities. Finally, on February 15, 2011, El Salvador becomes a city again including the 15 municipalities declaring that the conversion to cityhood met all legal requirements.

After six years of legal battle, in its board resolution, the League of Cities of the Philippines acknowledged and recognized the cityhood of El Salvador and 15 other cities.

GeographyEdit

El Salvador is located in the Province of Misamis Oriental in Northern Mindanao (Region X). It is bordered by the Municipality of Alubijid to the west, Opol to the east and Manticao and Naawan to the south. On the north, lies Macajalar Bay of the Bohol Sea.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for El Salvador City, Misamis Oriental
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 271
(10.7)
217
(8.5)
193
(7.6)
178
(7.0)
344
(13.5)
423
(16.7)
362
(14.3)
358
(14.1)
329
(13.0)
320
(12.6)
322
(12.7)
260
(10.2)
3,577
(140.9)
Average rainy days 23.2 19.5 22.0 22.8 29.6 28.9 30.3 29.8 28.1 28.8 26.1 24.1 313.2
Source: Meteoblue[6]

BarangaysEdit

Administratively, El Salvador is subdivided into 15 barangays. One forms the center of the city (poblacion) whereas the other 14 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the city.

  • Amoros
  • Bolisong
  • Cogon
  • Himaya
  • Hinigdaan
  • Kalabaylabay
  • Molugan
  • Pedro S. Baculio (Bolo-Bolo)
  • Poblacion
  • Quibonbon
  • Sambulawan
  • San Francisco de Asis (Calongonan)
  • Sinaloc
  • Taytay
  • Ulaliman

DemographicsEdit

Population census of El Salvador
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,315—    
1948 16,899+3.08%
1960 10,521−3.87%
1970 14,529+3.28%
1975 16,915+3.10%
1980 20,446+3.86%
1990 26,721+2.71%
1995 31,500+3.13%
2000 34,650+2.06%
2007 41,905+2.66%
2010 44,848+2.50%
2015 50,204+2.17%
2020 58,771+3.15%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][8][9][10]

EconomyEdit

El Salvador hosts several companies, plants and factories west of Misamis Oriental. These are Asia Brewery, Tanduay Rhum, Virgin Cola Bottling Plant (Visayas and Mindanao region distributor), Highland Fresh Daily Products, Monark Equipment, Zest-O, WL Foods Corporation, Universal Robina Corporation.

With regards to financial institutions, Rural Bank of El Salvador and lending institutions such as FICCO, Oro Coop, M Lhuillier and others are accessible at office hours in this place.

AttractionsEdit

  • Divine Mercy Shrine (Misamis Oriental), located in the Divine Mercy Hills, PSB-Ulaliman which is overlooking Macajalar Bay. The shrine has a 50-foot statue of the Divine Mercy Christ, the biggest in Asia. It serves as a pilgrimage site for the Divine Mercy devotees. As a pilgrimage and sacred site, visitors are not allowed to wear shorts and other revealing clothing. Those who do so will be forced to cover themselves with a blue cloth provided by the shrine administrators.
  • Burias Island, located just a few kilometers off the coast of Molugan or about 3 km west of the town of Opol.
  • El Salvador Night Café and Market, is set up on Friday night at Barangay Poblacion. Tagnipa-ons and visitors gather to have barbecue, enjoy the live band music, beer, and also the great bargains from the nearby Night Market
  • Our Lady of Snows Parish Church, newly constructed church located within the city.
  • Abaga & Sikiop Falls, Located in barangay San Francisco de Asis.
  • Tag-ilas Falls, Located in barangay Hinigdaan.
  • Tuburan Spring, Located in barangay Poblacion .
  • House of Pasalubong, Located in Zone 2, Barangay Poblacion

CultureEdit

Feast day:

  • August 5 (Our Lady of Snows)
  • August 16 (Saint Roch (aka San Roque))

Charter day:

  • June 27

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

El Salvador city can be reached via plane through Laguindingan Airport, then about less than 10 minutes bus ride east. Like any other place the national highway snakes through it. Visitors and locals can go around the city by just hailing a "sikad-sikad" or motorboat, "jeepneys" or motorcycles to the outlying barangays.

CommunicationEdit

PLDT and MISORTEL are among the major phone lines, also transmitters or "cell sites" for all major "telecom" providers like Globe, Smart and Dito are serviceable in this city. Internet access is also available. Internet cafes can be found in various places in within the city. Broadband service is also available.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ City of El Salvador | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "An act creating the municipality of El Salvador, province of Misamis Oriental". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
  6. ^ "El Salvador: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  7. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Misamis Oriental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  11. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.

External linksEdit