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The Eierland Lighthouse is a lighthouse on the northernmost tip of the Dutch island of Texel. It is named for the former island Eierland.

Eierland Lighthouse
Texel
Eierland Lighthouse texel.jpg
Eierland Lighthouse
Eierland Lighthouse is located in Netherlands
Eierland Lighthouse
Netherlands
Location Eierland
Texel
Netherlands
Coordinates 53°10′55.7″N 4°51′18.9″E / 53.182139°N 4.855250°E / 53.182139; 4.855250Coordinates: 53°10′55.7″N 4°51′18.9″E / 53.182139°N 4.855250°E / 53.182139; 4.855250
Year first constructed 1864
Year first lit 1864
Construction brick tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern red tower and white lantern
Height 34.7 metres (114 ft)
Focal height 53.2 metres (175 ft)
Intensity 2,850,000 cd
Range 29 nautical miles (54 km; 33 mi)
Characteristic Characteristic Eierland Lighthouse FL(2) W 10s
Admiralty number B0886
NGA number 9960
ARLHS number NET-024
Netherlands number NL-2064[1]
Heritage Rijksmonument Edit this on Wikidata

Contents

HistoryEdit

The lighthouse was designed by Quirinus Harder and construction began on 25 July 1863. The lighthouse was built on top of a 20-metre high sand dune, and was lit on 1 November 1864. At that time, the distance from the lighthouse to the sea was 3 kilometres.

Initially the lighthouse had a kerosene lamp. The current (electrical) lamp is a 2000 watt Philips fluorescent lamp, producing 2.85 million candela, and the light is focused with a number of Fresnel lenses. It has two automatically engaged spare lamps.

The lighthouse was originally red, but in the course of time that colour faded to pink. In 1977 the tower was covered with a red plastic coating. Since 1982 the lighthouse is a Rijksmonument.

During the Georgian Uprising of Texel of April 1945 the lighthouse suffered heavy damage. It was repaired by constructing a new wall around it and a new upper-level construction. In this process the lighthouse lost two of its original nine storeys.

During the 1990s the lighthouse, including the very top and the lamp, was open for visitors. Closed for a while, it was reopened in 2009 and is accessible up to the sixth floor.

See alsoEdit

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