Eichstätt (German pronunciation: [ˈaɪçʃtɛt]) is a town in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the district of Eichstätt. It is located on the Altmühl river and has a population of around 13,000. Eichstätt is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Eichstätt.

Coat of arms of Eichstätt
Location of Eichstätt within Eichstätt district
Donau-RiesRoth (district)Weißenburg-GunzenhausenNeumarkt (district)Regensburg (district)Kelheim (district)Pfaffenhofen (district)Neuburg-SchrobenhausenIngolstadtHaunstetter ForstAdelschlagAltmannsteinBeilngriesBöhmfeldBuxheimDenkendorfDollnsteinEgweilEichstättEitensheimGaimersheimGroßmehringHepbergHitzhofenKindingKipfenbergKöschingLentingMindelstettenMörnsheimNassenfelsOberdollingPollenfeldPförringSchernfeldStammhamTittingWaltingWellheimWettstetten
Eichstätt is located in Germany
Eichstätt is located in Bavaria
Coordinates: 48°53′31″N 11°11′2″E / 48.89194°N 11.18389°E / 48.89194; 11.18389
Admin. regionOberbayern
 • Lord mayor (2020–26) Josef Grienberger[1] (CSU)
 • Total47.78 km2 (18.45 sq mi)
393 m (1,289 ft)
 • Total13,714
 • Density290/km2 (740/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
85071, 85072, 85067
Dialling codes08421
Vehicle registrationEI
Residenzplatz in the centre of Eichstätt
Eichstätt Cathedral - view into the western choir
The Willibaldsburg above Eichstätt

Geography edit

Location edit

Eichstätt lies on both sides of the river Altmühl in the district of Eichstätt of the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, in the heart of Altmühl Valley Nature Park.

Geology edit

Eichstätt is located in a valley of the Franconian Jura and is famous for the quarries of Solnhofen Plattenkalk (Jurassic limestone). On the Blumenberg the Berlin specimen of Archaeopteryx was found by Jakob Niemeyer.

History edit

St. Willibald founded the Diocese of Eichstätt on the site of an old Roman station (Aureatum or Rubilocus) in 741.[3] The city was given walls and chartered in 908. It was ruled by a prince-bishop, and in the Holy Roman Empire was the seat of the Bishopric of Eichstätt until secularization in 1802. In 1806, it became a part of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Eichstätt was included as part of the Principality of Eichstätt, which King Maximilian I granted to his son-in-law Eugène de Beauharnais in 1817 and an episcopal see was reestablished in 1821.[citation needed] It reverted to the Bavarian crown in 1855.[3]

In 870, the remains of St. Walpurga were transferred from their original Heidenheim interment to Eichstätt, where in 1035 the newer burial site was enshrined as the Benedictine Abbey of St. Walburga, which continues to this day.[4][5]

In 1943, the painter Karl Friedrich Lippmann moved to Eichstätt and stayed until 1955.

Hortus Eystettensis ("Garden at Eichstätt") is the name of an important botanical book first published in 1613 and written by Basilius Besler.

World War II edit

Allied prisoners of war were held at Oflag VII-B in Eichstätt during World War II. Activities carried on by the prisoners there included attempted escapes and the production of plays and musical works. These included Hamlet and the Comedy of Errors by William Shakespeare, the premiere of Post-Mortem by Noël Coward and of the Ballad of Little Musgrave and Lady Barnard by Benjamin Britten.[6][7]

Attractions edit

The town is dominated by the Willibaldsburg. Besides the cathedral, Eichstätt also has 12 churches and 10 monasteries.

Mayors edit

  • 1944–1945: Hans Rösch, NSDAP
  • 1945–1948: Romuald Blei
  • 1948–1949: Richard Jaeger CSU
  • 1949–1951: Romuald Blei
  • 1951–1976: Hans Hutter, CSU
  • 1976–1994: Ludwig Kärtner, CSU
  • 1994–2012: Arnulf Neumeyer, SPD
  • 2012–2020: Andreas Steppberger, FW
  • 2020–present: Josef Grienberger, CSU

Education edit

Eichstätt is home to the Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt (KU), the lone Catholic university in Germany. The KU was founded in 1980, and was granted full rights of a university, including Ph.D. and Habilitation degrees by the State of Bavaria.[8][1]

Sons and daughters of the town edit

Max von Widnmann

Personalities connected with the city edit

  • Pope Victor II (Gebhard von Dollnstein-Hirschberg) (died 1057), fifth German pope 1055–1057
  • Gundekar II of Eichstätt (1019-1075), bishop, church politician, (sarcophagus in the St. John's Chapel of the Cathedral).
  • Loy Hering (1484/85–1564), Renaissance sculptor from Kaufbeuren, councilor and mayor in Eichstätt
Prinz Maximilian of Saxony 1901
  • Elias Holl (1573–1646), master builder from Augsburg, architect of the Willibaldsburg
  • Karl Engel, brother of Jakob Engel, carpenter and builder
  • Franz Xaver Witt (1834–1888), church musician, composer, reformer, founder of the general German Cäcilienvereine, 1870-1871 conductor of Eichstätt
  • Prince Maximilian of Saxony (1870–1951) (1870–1951), prince of the albertine branch, priestly and chaplain activity in Eichstätt, church researcher
  • Cesare Orsenigo (1873–1946 in Eichstätt), from 1930 to 1945 apostolic Nuncio in Germany, successor of Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli) as Apostolic Nuncio in Germany
  • Karl Friedrich Lippmann (1883–1957), art painter, (New Objectivity), 1943–1955 in Eichstätt
  • Saint Walpurga, also spelled Valderburg or Guibor (AD 710 – 25 February 777 or 779), was an Anglo-Saxon missionary to the Frankish Empire. She was canonized on 1 May c. 870 by Pope Adrian II. Saint Walpurgis Night (or "Sankt Walpurgisnacht") is the name for the eve of her feast day, which coincides with May Day. At Eichstätt, her bones were moved to a rocky niche, which allegedly began to exude a miraculously therapeutic oil, which drew pilgrims to her shrine.[9][circular reference]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, accessed 19 July 2021.
  2. ^ Genesis Online-Datenbank des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Statistik Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)
  3. ^ a b Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ Benedictine Abbey of St. Walburga, Who is St. Walburga.
  5. ^ Jestice, P. G., ed., Holy People of the World: A Cross-cultural Encyclopedia, vol. 3 (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2004), p. 906.
  6. ^ See information on this web site Archived 2020-09-25 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Ballad of Little Musgrave and Lady Barnard
  8. ^ Catholic University Eichstätt-Ingolstadt ECTS Information Guide, International Relations 15.05.06
  9. ^ Saint Walpurga

Sources edit

  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Eichstätt" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 132.

External links edit