Egregore (also spelled egregor; from French égrégore, from Ancient Greek ἐγρήγορος, egrēgoros 'wakeful') is an occult concept representing a distinct non-physical entity that arises from a collective group of people. Historically, the concept referred to angelic beings, or watchers, and the specific rituals and practices associated with them, namely within Enochian traditions.
More contemporarily, the concept has referred to a psychic manifestation, or thoughtform, occurring when any group shares a common motivation—being made up of, and influencing, the thoughts of the group. The symbiotic relationship between an egregore and its group has been compared to the more recent, non-occult concepts of the corporation (as a juridical person or legal entity) and the meme.
At later times the term and concept found its way in other languages. Manuscrit trouvé à Saragosse, or The Manuscript Found in Saragossa which was written in French by the Polish author Count Jan Potocki (1761–1815) in the Russian Empire in the early 19th century features the term "Egregores," referring to "the most illustrious of fallen angels." However, it is important to take note of the novel's heavy orientalist and fantastical bent.
The term "egregore" was also featured by the French poet Victor Hugo, in La Légende des siècles ("The Legend of the Ages"), First Series, 1859, where he uses the word "égrégore" first as an adjective, then as a noun, while leaving the meaning obscure. The author seems to have needed a word rhyming with words ending in the sound "or". It would not be the only example of word creation by Victor Hugo. However, the word is the normal form that the Greek word ἑγρήγορος (Watcher) would take in French. This was the term used in the Book of Enoch for great angel-like spirits.
Eliphas Lévi, in Le Grand Arcane ("The Great Mystery", 1868) identifies "egregors" with the tradition concerning the "Watchers", the fathers of the nephilim, describing them as "terrible beings" that "crush us without pity because they are unaware of our existence."
The concept of the egregore as a group thoughtform was developed in works of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and the Rosicrucians and has been referenced by writers such as Valentin Tomberg, notably in his anonymously-penned book Meditations on the Tarot. It was also mentioned in the book El maravilloso universo de la magia, by Chilean author Enrique Barrios.
The concept was featured in Corporate Metabolism series of articles by Paco Xander Nathan, which were published in 2001.
- Bernstein 1998.
- "Definition / Bedeutung der egregor In der Kategorie Noun". EngYes (in German). Retrieved 2021-05-13.
- Potocki, Jan. The Saragossa Manuscript.
- Victor Hugo, "Le jour des rois", La Légende des Siècles IV, V, and "L'Italie – Ratbert", La Légende des Siècles VII. Both in the Première Série, 1859.
- Lévi, Eliphas, "The Great Mystery" (1868) pp. 127–130, 133, 136
- Fama Fraternitatis Rosae Crucis.(1614) Manifesto: Positio. Epilogue page 25
- Anonymous (2002-06-01). Meditations on the Tarot: A Journey Into Christian Hermeticism. Translated by Powell, Robert. Jeremy P. Tarcher/ Putnam. ISBN 9781585421619. ASIN 1585421618.
- Flowers (1995), pp. 36–38
- Delaforge, Gaeten, "The Templar Tradition: Yesterday and Today", Gnosis Magazine, #6, 1987.
- Ellenwood, Ray, Egregore: A History of the Montréal Automatist Movement. Toronto: Exile Editions, 1992. ISBN 9781550960211.
- "Egregores - Empire". Empire Wiki. profounddecisions.co.uk.
- Constable, Simon, "What Magic Got Trump Elected?", Forbes, May 21, 2018.
- Bernstein, L. S. (1998). "Egregor". The Rosicrucian Archive. Confraternity of the Rose Cross. Archived from the original on January 8, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- Butler, Walter Ernest (1970). "The Egregore of a School". Servantsofthelight.org. The Servants of the Light. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- Flowers, S. Edred (1995). Fire & Ice: Magical Teachings of Germany's Greatest Secret Occult Order. Llewellyn's Teutonic Magick Series (2nd ed.). Llewellyn Publications. ISBN 0-87542-776-6.
- Nathan, Paco Xander (2001). "Chasing Egregors". The Scarlet Letter. Scarlet Woman Lodge, Ordo Templi Orientis.
- The dictionary definition of egregore at Wiktionary