Egg Throwing Incident (1917)
The Egg Throwing Incident occurred on 29 November 1917 in Warwick, Queensland, Australia. An egg was thrown at the Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes at the Warwick railway station during his campaign for the 1917 plebiscite on conscription. The egg was thrown by Patrick Michael Brosnan, possibly assisted by his brother Bartie Brosnan.
|Egg Throwing Incident|
Information board about the incident, 2015
|Date||29 November 1917|
|Methods||Egging; Civil disobedience|
Pressured by British leaders for increased Australian participation in the war effort, Labour Prime Minister Billy Hughes announced his intention to hold a national referendum on compulsory military conscription in October 1916. After a particularly bitter campaign, a majority of Australians voted against the proposal, the issue splitting the Federal Labor Party. After joining with the conservative Opposition to form a nationalist government in February 1917, Hughes resolved to hold a second conscription referendum the following December.
The campaign was just as volatile as the first, and with the Queensland Government under Premier T.J. Ryan strongly anti-conscription, Hughes decided to tour southern Queensland in a bid to whip up support for his cause.
On 29 November 1917, Hughes attempted to give a speech to the people of Warwick at the local railway station. During the speech an egg was thrown at Hughes, knocking off his hat. Enraged, Hughes lunged into the crowd, reaching into his coat for a revolver, which had been left behind in his railway carriage. Realising his weapon was not available, Hughes ordered the local police officer, Sergeant Kenny, to arrest Brosnan for a breach of Commonwealth law but the policeman said "you have no jurisdiction".
This incident has been associated with the forming of the Commonwealth Police. There had been plans to create such a police force for over a decade but it is felt that this incident acted as a catalyst for it to happen.
- "SENIOR-SERGEANT KENNY ENTIRELY EXONERATED". Warwick Examiner and Times (Qld. : 1867 – 1919). Qld.: National Library of Australia. 5 December 1917. p. 4. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Number 120 – Telegram from Prime Minister Hughes to the Commissioner for Police regarding being egged (later referred to as the "Warwick Egg Incident")". Queensland State Archives. 5 March 2012. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Buckridge, Patrick (2012). Kirkpatrick, Peter John; Dixon, Robert (eds.). Republics of Letters: Literary Communities in Australia. Sydney University Press. p. 41. ISBN 9781920899783.
- "THE ATTACK ON MR. HUGHES". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 3 December 1917. p. 6. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "THE WARWICK SENSATION". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 3 December 1917. p. 8. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "WARWICK AFFAIR. LIES BLOWN OUT". The Daily Standard. Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 4 December 1917. p. 5 Edition: SECOND EDITION. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "Egg Throwing Plaque", Monuments Australia accessed 22 June 2015
- " Early vision for national policing body", Australian Federal Police Archived 2015-06-22 at the Wayback Machine accessed 22 June 2015
- "Ninety years on, the egg is still fresh in Warwick". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 November 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
This Wikipedia article contains text from "Number 120 – Telegram from Prime Minister Hughes to the Commissioner for Police regarding being egged (later referred to as the “Warwick Egg Incident”)" published by the Queensland State Archives under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (last updated 5 March 2012, accessed on 18 October 2015, archived on 18 October 2015).