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Effets de soir (also called effets de soir et de matin)[1] are the effects of light caused by the sunset, twilight, or darkness of the early evening or matins. They appear frequently in works by such painters as Vincent van Gogh,[2] Bernhard Fries,[1] Armand Guillaumin,[3] and Camille Corot.[4][5] Literally, it means "effects of evening" in French.

This was part of a group of techniques used by Impressionists such as impasto, en plein air, color theory, and thick strokes of oil paint on canvas.

In 2008, the Museum of Modern Art curated a major exhibit of van Gogh's work of effets de soir.[2][6][7][8][9] The exhibit included such iconic paintings as The Potato Eaters, The Sower (Van Gogh), Starry Night Over the Rhone[10]The Starry Night, and The Night Cafe.[2][6]

See alsoEdit

Gallery of imagesEdit

All of the following are by Vincent van Gogh, unless otherwise noted:


  1. ^ a b Cosmovisions website on B. Fries(in French). Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c MoMA press release Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  3. ^ A biography of Armand Guillaumin
  4. ^ Cosmovisions website on Corot (in French). Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  5. ^ Agora Quebec website (in French). Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  6. ^ a b "MoMA Presents First Exhibition to Examine Van Gogh's Nocturnal Landscapes and Interiors", Art Daily, see Art Daily website. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  7. ^ "The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) presents 'Van Gogh and the Colors of the Night'," Art Knowledge News website. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  8. ^ Will Hubbard, "In Which The Nighttime Is The Right Time For Brushwork," September 23, 2008, found at Wordpress website. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
  9. ^ Trachtman, Paul (January 2009), "Night Visions", Smithsonian, 39 (10), pp. 69–73
  10. ^ WebExhibits page 595

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