Edwin Deakin (May 21, 1838 – May 11, 1923) was a British-American artist best known for his romantic landscapes as well as his architectural studies, especially the Spanish colonial missions of California. His still lifes are considered to be some of the finest of the genre. Deakin is one of the artists who popularized scenes of San Francisco's Chinatown. His sensitive and highly publicized depictions of the deteriorating missions drew public attention to the necessity of restoring these historically important monuments.
Image of artist from "Sunset", published by the Passenger Department, Southern Pacific Company, 1899–1900
|Died||May 11, 1923 (aged 84)|
|Known for||Fine arts painter - landscape, still life and architectural portraiture, oils on canvas|
Deakin was born in Sheffield, England, on May 21, 1838. He was apprenticed at the age of 12 to a business which painted landscapes and floral designs on furniture in the "Japanese style," but he received no formal training. By 18, he was a notable landscape artist. He emigrated to the US in 1856 with his family to the city of Chicago, where his father opened a hardware store and Edwin's occupation was listed in the Census as a "case maker." On June 21, 1865 Edwin Deakin married the 21-year-old Isabel Fox, also an emigrant from England. The following year saw the birth of their son Oscar Edwin Deakin, who became a talented painter, but died at the age of 30.
Just prior to 1870 Edwin, along with his entire extended family, moved to San Francisco, California. He quickly established a successful career as a painter of the untamed California wilderness. Although he consigned his paintings to private commercial galleries and was a director and frequent exhibitor at the San Francisco Art Association (SFAA), he sold most of his canvases through public auctions. His European subjects were especially popular. He became an exhibiting member of the Graphic Club and Bohemian Club. In 1874 he exhibited a Lake Tahoe scene at the Chicago Academy of Arts. Three years later he left on a grand tour of Europe, where he painted primarily in England, France and Switzerland, and exhibited at the Paris Salon. He returned in May 1879 to San Francisco; his new canvases were received with much acclaim. He exhibited dozens of paintings to positive reviews at the California State Fair between 1879 and 1889. He traveled extensively through the Midwest and had prolonged stays in both Denver (1882–83) and Salt Lake City (1883). Deakin's highly publicized disputes with the "rebels" of the San Francisco art colony caused him to withdraw in 1885 as an exhibiting member of the SFAA. At this time his still lifes of pendulous grapes became extremely popular and were much imitated. During one of his several trips to New York City he published a series of articles which called for the standardization of canvas sizes, a common practice in Europe that allowed for the mass production of cheaper frames.
Deakin built and occupied with his wife and two daughters a large residence and studio-gallery in the university town of Berkeley, just across the bay from San Francisco. He soon began a tradition of holding an annual studio exhibit open to the public. Deakin still maintained a small sales office in San Francisco and continued to contribute his paintings to that city's auctions and private galleries. Certainly, the most memorable event was his one-man show in April 1900 at the Palace Hotel which featured all of his 21 mission paintings, many in elaborate iconographic frames designed by the artist himself. His campaign to save the missions was the subject of a highly laudatory article in the Washington, D.C. Herald. He also exhibited frequently at public venues in Oakland as well as in Berkeley where he actively supported the creation of the Berkeley Art Association in 1907. He helped to design and decorate his brother's Studio Building in Berkeley, which became the first home for the California School of Arts and Crafts (today's California College of the Arts) and the professional address of many prominent artists, including Henry Joseph Breuer and Evelyn Withrow. His many depictions of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire received great attention. He expanded his Berkeley gallery to maintain a permanent display of one of the three sets of his mission paintings and allowed the public to visit three days a week. He was a British citizen at the time of his death on May 11, 1923. His daughter Edna became an architect. His art is regularly exhibited.
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- Lee, Anthony W. (October 1, 2001). Picturing Chinatown: Art and Orientalism in San Francisco. University of California Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0520225923.
- Kimbro, Edna; Costello, Julia G.; Ball, Tevvy (October 20, 2009). The California Missions: History, Art and Preservation (Conservation & Cultural Heritage). Getty Conservation Institute. p. 48. ISBN 978-0892369836.
- "California Painter of the Picturesque". Bodega Bay Heritage Gallery Monthly. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "Edwin Deakin: California Painter of the Picturesque". Crocker Art Music. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "Edwin Deakin". AskART.com. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- Edwards, Robert W. (2012). Jennie V. Cannon: The Untold History of the Carmel and Berkeley Art Colonies, Vol. 1. Oakland, Calif.: East Bay Heritage Project. pp. 75, 77, 90–91, 250, 372–376, 688. ISBN 9781467545679. An online facsimile of the entire text of Vol. 1 is posted on the Traditional Fine Arts Organization website ("Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 29, 2016. Retrieved June 7, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)).
- England Census of 1851, RD Wolverhampton, p.12.
- U.S. Census of 1860, ED 4th Ward, Sheet 799.
- U.S. Census of 1870, ED 11th Ward, Sheets 208, 2101.
- Daily Alta California (San Francisco), 15 May 1873, p. 5.
- "Art". Chicago Tribune. December 13, 1874. p. 10. Retrieved December 29, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- San Francisco Chronicle: 10 March 1878, p. 8; 20 July 1879, p.3.
- Sacramento Daily Record: 5 September 1879, p.3; 2 September 1889, p. 3.
- Berkeley Daily Gazette (Berkeley, CA), 26 June 1902, p. 8.
- The Argonaut (San Francisco, CA), 2 April 1900, p.14.
- San Francisco Call, 8 April 1900, p.27.
- Haskin, Frederic J. (July 15, 1907). "About Notable Americans". The Washington Herald. Retrieved December 29, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.