Edward Wortley Montagu (diplomat)
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Sir Edward Wortley-Montagu (8 February 1678 – 22 January 1761) was British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, husband of the writer Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and father of the writer and traveller Edward Wortley Montagu.
Son of Sidney Wortley Montagu and grandson of Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, a Cambridge graduate and lawyer, Wortley Montagu was educated at Westminster School, Trinity College, Cambridge (1693) and trained in the law at the Middle Temple (1693), was called to the bar in 1699 and entered the Inner Temple in 1706.
He was best known for his correspondence with, seduction of, and elopement with the aristocratic writer, Mary, daughter of Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull. They married in 1712. He succeeded his father in 1727, inheriting Wortley Hall.
Montagu himself was a prominent Whig politician, and was MP for Huntingdon before eventually becoming a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury from 1714 to 1715. He was elected by the Levant Company on the king's nomination on 10 May 1716. He arrived at Adrianople on 13 March 1717. He was not Ambassador to the Ottoman Porte in Constantinople before he was recalled in October 1717. As Ambassador, he was charged with pursuing the ongoing negotiations between the Ottomans and the Habsburg Empire. He left Turkey on 15 July 1718 and, for some time traveled in the East. Upon his return from Constantinople, he fell out with the Whig hierarchy but remained a Member of Parliament for Huntingdon (1722–1734) and Peterborough (1734 until his death in 1761).
He left a large fortune to his daughter Mary, having in 1755 cut off his son Edward with a small allowance. Mary married the future Prime Minister, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Sir Edward had bought and rebuilt Wortley Hall, near Barnsley in South Yorkshire, which also passed to his daughter.
- The Life of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu - Robert Halsband - Clarendon Press - 1956
- "MONTAGU, Edward Wortley (1678-1761), of Wortley, Yorks". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 2013-03-20.