Edward Sydney Woods (1 November 1877 – 11 January 1953) was an Anglican bishop, the second Bishop of Croydon (a suffragan bishop in the Diocese of Southwark) from 1930 until 1937 and, from then until his death, the 94th Bishop of Lichfield.
Woods was the son of the Rev. Frank Woods and a grandson of the civil engineer Edward Woods. His mother, Alice Fry, was a granddaughter of the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry. His brother, Theodore Woods, became Bishop of Winchester.
He married Clemence Barclay, a great great-granddaughter of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, and their children included Samuel Woods, an archdeacon in New Zealand, Frank Woods, Archbishop of Melbourne, and Robin Woods, Bishop of Worcester.
He was ordained priest at Michaelmas 1902 (21 September), by Alwyne Compton, Bishop of Ely, at Ely Cathedral; and married Clemence Barclay the following year. He was Chaplain, Lecturer then Vice Principal of Ridley Hall, Cambridge followed by wartime service at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. When peace returned he became Vicar of Holy Trinity, Cambridge. From there he moved to Croydon where he was successively vicar, rural dean, Archdeacon and suffragan bishop. He was consecrated a bishop on 1 May 1930, by Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury, at Westminster Abbey. In 1937, he became the diocesan Bishop of Lichfield: he was formally translated by the confirmation of his election, after his predecessor's retirement in June but before his own enthronement on 22 September. He had the distinction of being one of two survivors of a German air raid by hiding under a dining table with Ann Charteris, the future wife of Ian Fleming.
Woods was Lord High Almoner from 1946 to 1953.
Woods was an active Freemason under the United Grand Lodge of England. He was initiated on 26 April 1928 in Waddon Lodge No 4162, and whilst Bishop of Croydon he also joined Croydon Chantry Lodge No 5063.
Death and memorialsEdit
Woods died in office on 11 January 1953, his wife having died a year earlier; he had recently returned from visiting the Far East (his son, Robin, was then Archdeacon of Singapore.) He was commemorated posthumously in a collection of appreciations.
He was a prolific author, his published works including:
- Forgiveness of Sins, London, SPCK, 1916
- (with Very Rev. F. B. Macnutt) Theodore, Bishop of Winchester, London, SPCK, 1933
- How stands religion?, Cambridge, Lutterworth, 1949
- Who was Who 1897-1990 London, A & C Black, 1991 ISBN 0-7136-3457-X
- "Woods, Edward Sydney (WDS896ES)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "The September ordinations". Church Times. No. 2070. 26 September 1902. p. 331. ISSN 0009-658X. Retrieved 9 March 2021 – via UK Press Online archives.
- The Times, Saturday, 1 August 1903; p. 1; Issue 37148; col A Woods; Barclay
- The Times, Monday, 17 June 1918; p. 11; Issue 41818; col B Royal Pavilion, Aldershot camp
- The Times, Friday, 2 May 1930; p. 19; Issue 45502; col D Bishop of Croydon Consecrated Service in the Abbey
- "Church News. Personal". Church Times. No. 3509. 25 April 1930. p. 514. ISSN 0009-658X. Retrieved 9 March 2021 – via UK Press Online archives.
- The See of Lichfield. Translation of the Bishop of Croydon (Official Appointments and Notices), The Times Thursday, 4 March 1937; p. 14; Issue 47624; col C
- "Enthronement of the Bishop of Lichfield". Church Times. No. 3896. 24 September 1937. p. 315. ISSN 0009-658X. Retrieved 9 March 2021 – via UK Press Online archives.
- "10,000 Famous Freemasons By William R. Denslow". Phoenix Masonry (this online version). Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Denslow, William (1957). 10,000 Famous Freemasons (First ed.). Entered under L for "Lichfield, Bishop of": Macoy Publishing.
- The Times, 12 January 1953, p1, "Death of Bishop of Lichfield"
- "Joyful prelate. Memoir of Edward Woods". Church Times. No. 4693. 16 January 1953. p. 38. ISSN 0009-658X. Retrieved 9 March 2021 – via UK Press Online archives.
- Edward Sydney Woods: 94th Bishop of Lichfield, London, Gollanz, 1954